Xem 1-20 trên 218 kết quả Combining functions
  • This paper proposes a method for organizing linguistic knowledge in both systematic and flexible fashion. We introduce a purely applicative language (PAL) as an intermediate representation and an object-oriented computation mechanism for its interpretation. PAL enables the establishment of a principled and well-constrained method of interaction among lexicon-oriented linguistic modules. The object-oriented computation mechanism provides a flexible means of abstracting modules and sharing common knowledge. ...

    pdf4p bungio_1 03-05-2013 20 2   Download

  • This bonus reference describes the functions and statements that are supported by Visual Basic .NET, grouped by category. When you’re searching for the statement to open a file, you probably want to locate all file I/O commands in one place. This is exactly how this reference is organized. Moreover, by grouping all related functions and statements in one place, I can present examples that combine more than one function or statement.

    pdf57p quocminh 02-03-2009 174 43   Download

  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'oracle xsql combining sql oracle text xslt and java to publish dynamic web content phần 5', công nghệ thông tin, cơ sở dữ liệu phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

    pdf60p lovecafe4 09-10-2011 25 7   Download

  • The fundamental objects that we deal with in calculus are functions. This chapter prepares the way for calculus by discussing the basic ideas concerning functions, their graphs, and ways of transforming and combining them. We stress that a function can be represented in different ways: by an equation, in a table, by a graph, or in words.

    pdf0p vigro23 29-08-2012 70 3   Download

  • Functional Programming in C# leads you along a path that begins with the historic value of functional ideas. Inside, C# MVP and functional programming expert Oliver Sturm explains the details of relevant language features in C# and describes theory and practice of using functional techniques in C#, including currying, partial application, composition, memoization, and monads.

    pdf290p hoa_can 26-01-2013 19 3   Download

  • We design a class of submodular functions meant for document summarization tasks. These functions each combine two terms, one which encourages the summary to be representative of the corpus, and the other which positively rewards diversity. Critically, our functions are monotone nondecreasing and submodular, which means that an efficient scalable greedy optimization scheme has a constant factor guarantee of optimality.

    pdf11p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 17 3   Download

  • Chunk parsing has focused on the recognition of partial constituent structures at the level of individual chunks. Little attention has been paid to the question of how such partial analyses can be combined into larger structures for complete utterances. Such larger structures are not only desirable for a deeper syntactic analysis. They also constitute a necessary prerequisite for assigning function-argument structure.

    pdf8p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 16 3   Download

  • The IRS2092(S) is a Class D audio amplifier driver with integrated PWM modulator and over current protection. Combined with two external MOSFETs and a few external components, the IRS2092(S) forms a complete Class D amplifier with dual over current, and shoot-through protection, as well as UVLO protection for the three bias supplies. The versatile structure of the analog input section with an error amplifier and a PWM comparator has the flexibility of implementing different types of PWM modulator schemes. Loss-less current sensing utilizes RDS(on) of the MOSFETs.

    pdf18p dientuit 21-05-2013 41 3   Download

  • We present a stochastic parsing system consisting of a Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG), a constraint-based parser and a stochastic disambiguation model. We report on the results of applying this system to parsing the UPenn Wall Street Journal (WSJ) treebank. The model combines full and partial parsing techniques to reach full grammar coverage on unseen data. The treebank annotations are used to provide partially labeled data for discriminative statistical estimation using exponential models.

    pdf8p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 15 2   Download

  • Dialogues may be seen as comprising commonplace routines on the one hand and specialized, task-specific interactions on the other. Object-orientation is an established means of separating the generic from the specialized. The system under discussion combines this objectoriented approach with a self-organizing, mixed-initiative dialogue strategy, raising the possibility of dialogue systems that can be assembled from ready-made components and tailored, specialized components.

    pdf7p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 23 2   Download

  • We propose a succinct randomized language model which employs a perfect hash function to encode fingerprints of n-grams and their associated probabilities, backoff weights, or other parameters. The scheme can represent any standard n-gram model and is easily combined with existing model reduction techniques such as entropy-pruning. We demonstrate the space-savings of the scheme via machine translation experiments within a distributed language modeling framework. h

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 16 1   Download

  • This paper proposes a novel method that exploits multiple resources to improve statistical machine translation (SMT) based paraphrasing. In detail, a phrasal paraphrase table and a feature function are derived from each resource, which are then combined in a log-linear SMT model for sentence-level paraphrase generation. Experimental results show that the SMT-based paraphrasing model can be enhanced using multiple resources. The phrase-level and sentence-level precision of the generated paraphrases are above 60% and 55%, respectively.

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 15 1   Download

  • Combining word alignments trained in two translation directions has mostly relied on heuristics that are not directly motivated by intended applications. We propose a novel method that performs combination as an optimization process. Our algorithm explicitly maximizes the effectiveness function with greedy search for phrase table training or synchronized grammar extraction. Experimental results show that the proposed method leads to significantly better translation quality than existing methods. ...

    pdf4p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 9 1   Download

  • Recently, confusion network decoding has been applied in machine translation system combination. Due to errors in the hypothesis alignment, decoding may result in ungrammatical combination outputs. This paper describes an improved confusion network based method to combine outputs from multiple MT systems. In this approach, arbitrary features may be added log-linearly into the objective function, thus allowing language model expansion and re-scoring. Also, a novel method to automatically select the hypothesis which other hypotheses are aligned against is proposed. ...

    pdf8p hongvang_1 16-04-2013 14 1   Download

  • This paper proposes an analysis method for Japanese modality. In this purpose, meaning of Japanese modality is classified into four semantic categories and the role of it is formalized into five modality functions. Based on these formalizations, information and constraints to be applied to the modality analysis procedure are specified. Then by combining these investigations with case analysis, the analysis method is proposed. This analysis method has been applied to Japanese analysis for machine translation. ...

    pdf8p bungio_1 03-05-2013 18 1   Download

  • Steedman (1985, 1987) and others have proposed that Categorial Grammar, a theory of syntax in which grammatical categories are viewed as functions, be augmented with operators such as functional composition and type raising in order to analyze • noncanonical" syntactic constructions such as wh- extraction and node raising. A consequence of these augmentations is an explosion of semantically equivalent derivations admitted by the grammar. The present work proposes a method for circumventing this spurious ambiguity problem.

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  • Certain combinations of the exponential functions ex and e–x arise so frequently in mathematics and its applications that they deserve to be given special names. In many ways they are analogous to the trigonometric functions, and they have the same relationship to the hyperbola that the trigonometric functions have to the circle.

    ppt21p lalala10 05-03-2016 4 1   Download

  • In this section, we will learn: How to obtain new functions from old functions and how to combine pairs of functions. Start with the basic functions we discussed in Section 1.2 and obtain new functions by shifting, stretching, and reflecting their graphs.

    ppt24p lalala10 05-03-2016 2 1   Download

  • This study uses what Cresswell (2003) refers to as a ‘mixed methods approach’, one that combines quantitative and qualitative data collection and a ‘sequential explanatory strategy’ in which the collection and analysis of the quantitative data is followed by the collection and analysis of the qualitative data (p 215).

    pdf449p dambaotaikhoan 04-05-2013 100 68   Download

  • Ebook English for Construction combines a strong grammar syllabus with the specialist vocabulary students need to succeed in this area. It contains topics that reflect the latest developments in the field making it immediately relevant to students’ needs. The CD-ROM accompanying the book contains the course book audio and interactive glossaries. This is ebook English for Construction 2.

    pdf81p elib_hcmutrans 15-06-2015 100 54   Download

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