Commerce is the whole system of an economy that constitutes an environment for business. The system includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural, and technological systems that are in operation in any country. Thus, commerce is a system or an environment that affects the business prospects of an economy or a nation-state. We can also define it as a second component of business which includes all activities, functions and institutions involved in transferring goods from producers to consumer....
This material is written for students who major in E-commerce. The topics selected mostly
deal with basic areas of business and economics. They are presented in an order from a sole
proprietorship to a multinational corporation. Each lesson is introduced and related to the previous
lesson. Besides, students also have chance to deal with several topics related to information
technology which has a very close relationship with e-commerce.
In the emerging global economy, e-commerce and e-business have increasingly become a necessary component of business strategy and a strong catalyst for economic development. The integration of information and communications technology (ICT) in business has revolutionized relationships within organizations and those between and among organizations and individuals. Specifically, the use of ICT in business has enhanced productivity, encouraged greater customer participation, and enabled mass customization, besides reducing costs....
E-commerce is one of the most visible examples of the way in which information and communication technologies can contribute to economic growth. Thương mại điện tử là một trong những ví dụ dễ thấy nhất của cách thức mà công nghệ thông tin và truyền thông có thể đóng góp vào tăng trưởng kinh tế
Electronic commerce (business transactions on the Web) and the information technology (IT) industries
that make “e-commerce” possible are growing and changing at breathtaking speed, fundamentally altering
the way Americans produce, consume, communicate, and play.
• Growth in the available measures of e-commerce (e.g., estimates of the value of e-commerce
business transactions) is outpacing last year’s most optimistic projections. As a share of the retail
portion of the economy, however, e-commerce remains quite small-- less than 1 percent....
Today's international trade is radically more complex. The revolution in information
and communication technologies fostered an internationalisation of supply chains
which created a nexus between trade, investment, and services which is at the heart of
so much of today's international commerce.
Fundamental changes in recent decades have heightened the need for new and viable
solutions to the problems of international trade.
Foreigners invested $325 billion in U.S. businesses and real estate in 2008, according to data
published by the Department of Commerce.1 As Figure 1 shows, this represents a sharp increase
over the $237 billion invested in 2007. Investments abroad by U.S. parent firms fell slightly in
2008 to $318 billion, down from the $333 billion they invested abroad in 2007. The increase in
foreign direct investment flows mirrors a turnaround in global flows. According to the United
Nations’ World Investment Report, global foreign direct investment inflows increased by 30% in
2007 and 38% in 2006....
Microeconomics, A Way of Thinking about Business
In economics in particular, education seems to be largely a matter of unlearning and “disteaching” rather than constructive action. A onc- famous American humorist observed that “it’s not ignorance that does so much damage; it’s knowin’ so darn much that ain’t so.” . . .It seems that the hardest things to learn and to teach are things that everyone already knows. Frank H.
he Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is an agency of the United States Department of Commerce which deals with issues involving national security and high technology. A principal goal for the bureau is helping stop proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, while furthering the growth of United States exports. The Bureau is led by the Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.
The mission of the BIS is to advance U.S. national security, foreign policy, and economic interests.
Most people work to earn a living, and produce
goods and services. Goods are either agricultural
(like maize and milk) or manufactured (like cars and
paper). Services are such things as education,
medicine and commerce. Some people provide
goods, some provide services. Other people provide
both goods and services. For example, in the same
garage a man may buy a car or some service which
helps him to maintain his car.
Most commercial transactions are governed by a very detailed and well-established body of rules that have evolved over a very long period of time, it being the case that governing trade and commerce was a strong driving force in the creation of law and courts in Western civilization.
The Reality of E-commerce with Developing Countries
Prepared by John Humphrey (IDS) Robin Mansell (LSE) Daniel Paré (LSE) Hubert Schmitz (IDS) March 2003
The research for this project was conducted jointly with researchers based in Bangladesh, Kenya and South Africa.
This project seeks to describe the barriers and opportunities for young women in the new
economy, and outline how CED can address poverty among young women. We are
attempting to understand which community supports help young women, and how we
could build CED into the current network of community-based organizations they already
This initiative has been presented in the framework of a number of relevant international initiatives of organisations, such as the OECD, the United Nations and the European Commission. Moreover, European Directive 2000/31/EC of 8 June 2000 (OJEC L 178 of 17 July 2000) encourages professional bodies and associations to establish codes of conduct at Community level. As a supplement to legislation, the Orgalime Principles of Conduct in electronic commerce contain provisions concerning the key items designed to increase trust in Electronic Commerce.
Project Gutenberg's Morals in Trade and Commerce, by Frank B. Anderson This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.net Title: Morals in Trade and Commerce Author: Frank B. Anderson Release Date: June 30, 2009