Most people can remember where they were when news broke of a worldshattering
event, e.g. the assassination of President Kennedy or the death of
Princess Diana. As testament to a ‘sad life’ as a VAT consultant, I can remember
precisely where I was on 21 June 1988 (in my car and on my way to address a
meeting of the West Wycombe Women’s Institute) when the European Court
of Justice (ECJ) released its judgement against the UK’s zero rated treatment
of commercial property transactions.
Chapter 15 - Sales and lease contracts: Performance, warranties, and remedies. After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: What is the difference between conforming and nonconforming goods? What is the perfect tender rule? What is the right to cure? What is commercial impracticability? What are the implied warranties of title, merchantability, and particular purpose?
Islamic scholars have been critically examining the modus operandi of modern commercial
banks ever since their establishment in the Muslim world in the last decade of the nineteenth
century. As time passed, the consensus emerged among the scholars that the system was
against the principles of Shar¯ı´ah, mainly because of paying/charging returns on loans and
Disaster recovery back-up tapes or other media should be kept solely as a security precaution and are not intended to serve as a records retention tool. In the case of disaster, the back-up would be used to restore lost records. Agency records that have not met their retention should not be disposed of on the basis of the existence of a back-up.
If, for any reason (for instance, a disaster erases e-mails on an agency server), the only existing copy of an item that has not met its retention period is on a back-up tape or other medium, the agency must...
Among performance audits, the number and complexity of the planning issues can be even
greater. The methodology for assessing the operating efficiency of an entity will be quite
different from that for attempting to measure the effectiveness of a programme in achieving
its stated objectives. These two kinds of audits involve collecting and analysing different
kinds of data from different sources.
While many HIV-infected individuals do not wish to have children, others desire children despite their
infected status. The desire and intent to have children among HIV-infected individuals may increase
because of improved quality of life and survival following commencement of anti-retroviral treatment. In
developing countries such as South Africa, where the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS
worldwide reside, specific government reproductive health policy and service provision for HIV-infected
individuals is underdeveloped.
Before we discuss the various types of PMO, we need to clarify what we mean by project,
programme and portfolio management, since these terms are used quite specifically below.
Project management. The organisation of resources and activities to deliver a predefined
scope of work, within agreed timescales and costs, using existing capabilities to achieve the benefits
that justified the project.
Midwives’ unique contribution to public health is that they work
with women and their partners and families throughout pregnancy,
birth and the postnatal period to provide safe, holistic care. For
optimum effect, midwifery needs to be ﬁrmly rooted in the
community where women and their partners live their lives.
In our experiments, 42 MICAz nodes were used.
The experimentswere conductedwith multiple randomly
generated layouts under two different scenarios: (i) an
open parking lot, and (ii) an indoor ofﬁce. In each sce-
nario, two types of experiments were conducted: Fixed
Single Sender and Round Robin Sender. In the Fixed
Single Sender experiment, the sender was placed in the
center of the topology, while the other 41 nodes were
randomly deployed as receivers. The sender broadcasted
a packet in every 200ms. Each packet was identiﬁed by
a sequence number.
Property may be leased as well as purchased. One form of leasing
arrangement is a long-term ground lease, in which a tenant leases
vacant land and develops it. Once the development is complete, the
ground tenant sublets space to retail, o"ce or industrial tenants,
depending on the type of development. Ground leasehold interests
may be bought and sold in a manner similar to fee simple property
Most commercial o"ce and retail space, and much of the standard
industrial space in Canada, is available only through a commercial
This is because the evidence is clear that open trade and investment, underpinned by
an effective framework of rules, delivers the best results for both developed and
developing countries. It is good economics. And it has been the UK’s own experience
too: increased trade with Europe since the early 1980s has added almost £3,300 a year
to the net income of the average British household. The fastest growing emerging
economies are now creating new opportunities for all to benefit further from trade and
Banks and other depository institutions can also borrow on a short-term basis at the Federal Reserve
discount window and pay a rate of interest set by the Federal Reserve called the discount rate. A bank's
decision to borrow at the discount window depends on the relation of the discount rate to the federal funds
rate, as well as on the administrative arrangements surrounding the use of the window.
Banks also borrow funds in the money market for longer periods by issuing large negotiable certificates...
Our homes, businesses and factories account for more than 70 percent of the energy we consume,
and we need to invest in energy efficiency in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors to
improve U.S. competitiveness, lower electricity bills, and protect our environment. This is why the
President has laid out a bold vision for sparking a new home-grown industry in making our homes,
buildings, and factories more energy efficient.
So let's skip the literature part for now and try to get to the modeling. Lucky for you,
all economics models look pretty much the same. There are some economic agents. They
make choices in order to advance their objectives. The choices have to satisfy various
constraints so there's something that adjusts to make all these choices consistent. This
basic structure suggests a plan of attack: Who are the people making the choices? What
are the constraints they face? How do they interact? What adjusts if the choices aren't
Similar in manufacture to the miniature furniture kits are off-the-shelf dinosaur kits. These
consist an assortment of wooden “bones” that can be put together as though it were a puzzle.
(Figure 2) It is satisfying to bring form to a three-dimensional creature by putting together bits of
wood. Like the furniture kits, all the parts are planar; they join orthogonally using a paired
notching scheme to make a three-dimensional structure.
Network connections should therefore be protected, at a level based on the
risk. The assumption must be that the connecting parties are to a certain degree
hostile and have to be strictly constrained to the access for which the connection
was agreed. The connecting parties will, after all, have their own security
policies and risk management philosophies, and these may vary considerably.
Each security management domain will need to apply stringent logical access
controls, and should strongly consider using firewalls and related technologies to
defend their 'perimeter'....
Uncertainty over the occurrence of the event may take various forms.
Under some insurance contracts the insured event occurs during the period
of cover specified in the contract, even if the resulting loss is discovered
after the end of this period of cover. For others the insured event is the
discovery of a loss during the period of cover of the contract, even if the
loss arises from an event that occurred before the inception of the contract.
Moreover, typically, previous work investigated en-
forcing a given resource partitioning of a single re-
source, within a single software tier at a time. In
our own previous work in the area of dynamic parti-
tioning, we have investigated either partitioning mem-
ory, through a simulation-based exhaustive search ap-
proach , or partitioning storage bandwidth, through
an adaptive feedback-loop approach , but not both.
CSIA priorities are organized into four thrusts according to the 2011 Federal Cybersecurity R&D Strategic Plan,
“Inducing Change, Developing Scientific Foundations, Maximizing Research Impact, and Accelerating
Transition to Practice.” These thrusts provide a framework for prioritizing cybersecurity research and
development that focuses on limiting current cyberspace deficiencies, precluding future problems, and
expediting the infusion of research accomplishments into the marketplace.
Optical motion capture systems are based on small reflective sensors called markers attached to an
actor's body and on several cameras focused on performance space. By tracking positions of
markers, one can get locations for corresponding key points in the animated model, e.g. we attach
markers at joints of a person and record the position of markers from several different directions.
We then reconstruct the 3D position of each key point at each time. The main advantage of this
method is freedom of movement; it does not require any cabling....