Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: A clinical evaluation committee assessment of recombinant human tissue factor pathway inhibitor (tifacogin) in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia...
This report is the final product of a two-year study by the
Committee on Assessing Technological Literacy, a group
of experts on diverse subjects under the auspices of the
National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and the Board on Testing and
Assessment at the Center for Education, part of the National Research
Council (NRC). The committee’s charge was to determine the most
viable approach or approaches to assessing technological literacy in U.S.
K–12 students, K–12 teachers, and out-of-school adults.
This committee was assembled to provide expertise in the areas of science and technology pertinent to the concerns of the CBDCOM commander and executive director and the technical director of the Edgewood Research, Development and Engineering Center (RDEC), which historically has been an important organization in the Army and Department of Defense for chemical and biological research.
Such assessments can provide the foundation and impetus for policy interventions. The National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) was designed to provide such information. NALS was a household survey of a nationally representative sample of 26,000 adults age 16 and older conducted by the U.S. Department of Education in 1992. It built on two prior litera
Research objectives: Interpret to clarify basic issues in working capability and fostering working capability of political instructors in the district military commanding committee of the Military Region 1; assess the actual situation properly, clarify the cause and from practice draw initial experience in fostering working capability of political instructors in the district military commanding committee of the Military Region 1; identify the needs and propose main solutions in fostering working capability of political instructors in the district military commanding committee of the Militar...
Sven Erik Jørgensen is professor of environmental chemistry at the Danish
University of Pharmaceutical Sciences. He has doctorates in engineering from
Karlsruhe University and sciences from Copenhagen University. He has been
editor in chief of Ecological Modelling since the journal started in 1975. He is
chairman of the International Lake Environment Committee. He has edited or
authored 58 books in Danish and English and written 300 papers of which twothirds
have been published in peer-reviewed international journals.
Risk is an important
aspect of any business
operation. Without taking
business risks, growth and
profi t would be almost
impossible. It permeates all
of the fundamental business
challenges companies face,
from recruiting the best
people to managing the
business’ fi nance. However,
the best companies are not
those that avoid risk, but
rather those that understand
and control the risks they are
Performing experiments in low Earth orbit has been the focus of much of the research funded by
NASA’s Physical Sciences Division (PSD) and its predecessors for over 30 years. This microgravity
research can be divided into five broad areas, all of which focus primarily on phenomena that are
strongly perturbed by gravity: biotechnology, combustion, fluid physics, fundamental physics, and
Wim A. Van der Stede is the CIMA Professor of Accounting and Financial Management at the
London School of Economics. He is actively involved with both the American (AAA) and European
(EAA) Accounting Associations, including as President of the AAA Management Section; the AAA
Finance Committee; the EAA Doctoral Colloquium; and the EAA Publications Committee. Wim has
published extensively in both practitioner and academic journals and has won several awards, including
the AAA Notable Contribution to Management Accounting Literature and IFAC’s Article of Merit.
At the same time that the UN was debating cloning,
UNESCO was developing a Universal Declaration on
Bioethics that attempts to outline some practical
expressions of a principle of social responsibility.
This is the first of four reports assessing the deployment
of technologies (i.e., equipment and procedures) by the Federal
Aviation Administration (FAA). This assessment of the
1997–1998 deployment of technologies by the FAA to improve
aviation security was conducted by the Panel on Assessment
of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation
Security under the auspices of the National Research Council
(NRC) Committee on Commercial Aviation Security.
This is the first part of a four-part assessment that will be
completed in fiscal year 2001.
Engineered barriers to isolate potentially harmful waste
from humans and ecosystems have been used for over 35
years, and much has been written about them and their constituent
components. However, few reports have provided an
overall assessment of the performance of engineered barrier
systems. The last broad assessment was conducted in 1995
(Rumer and Mitchell, 1995). Since that time, new materials
and sensor technologies have been introduced and models to
predict contaminant transport have improved.
This report was originally released in December 2004 in prepublication form
as the first report of a two-phase study to be carried out by the same committee.
The first phase was sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
(NASA) and focused on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
(TRMM). The second phase was sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration and focused on the Global Precipitation Measurement
mission. The report of the second phase will be published in a separate volume
Moreover, even if it were established that options increased risk taking, it is not clear
whether such an outcome would be desirable or undesirable from the perspective of the
shareholders. Risk-averse managers, who hold disproportionate amounts of their financial and
human capital in the companies they manage, are likely to take fewer risks than are optimal. This is
an agency problem that is likely magnified in companies where top executives enjoy substantial
rents from their positions, and have strong incentives not to take risky actions that may get them
removed from their positions.
There are 4 million miles of roads in the United States. One hundred
years ago, roads were primarily unpaved and had half the number of
miles of the present U.S. road system. As the system grew, roads became
wider and more complex structurally to provide for more and heavier
traffic. New construction technology and greater structural stability
were needed to improve the road system.
All phases of road development—from construction and use by vehicles
to maintenance—affect physical and chemical soil conditions, water
flow, and air and water quality.
This National Research Council (NRC) study, commissioned
by the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) in response
to a mandate from Congress, addresses the question
of whether there are alternatives to antipersonnel landmines
(APL)—including technologies, tactics, and operational concepts.
The study was conducted at an interesting historical
juncture, when the United States is at peace and, at the same
time, the number of new technologies rich in military possibilities
is unprecedented. The convergence of these two factors
presents the U.S.
The Committee is composed of representatives of the National Standards Bodies in Partner States,
together with the representatives from the private sectors and consumer organizations. Draft East
African Standards are circulated to stakeholders through the National Standards Bodies in the Partner
States. The comments received are discussed and incorporated before finalization of standards, in
accordance with the procedures of the Community.
East African Standards are subject to review, to keep pace with technological advances.
Audit committees of public companies and registered
investment companies have direct responsibility to oversee
the integrity of a company’s financial statements and to hire,
compensate and oversee the external auditor. Public focus
on how audit committees discharge their responsibilities,
including their oversight of the external auditor, has
Each year, audit committees should evaluate the external
auditor in fulfilling their duty to make an informed
recommendation to the Board whether to retain the
The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), through the U.S. Department of
Energy (DOE), has proposed that a large-scale wind test facility (LSWTF) be constructed to study, in full-scale,
the behavior of low-rise structures under simulated extreme wind conditions. To determine the need for, and
potential benefits of, such a facility, the Idaho Operations Office of the DOE requested that the National Research
Council (NRC) perform an independent assessment of the role and potential value of an LSWTF in the overall
context of wind engineering research.