In response to a request from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Science
Foundation (NSF), the National Research Council convened a committee to assess the
importance and impact of glycoscience, explore the landscape of current research, and
identify the challenges that will need to be addressed to enable the field to move
Late in 2005, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, U.S. newspapers were filled with
speculation as to whether New Orleans would continue to exist as a great and unique
American city. Levee and floodwall failure had inundated large parts of the city and resulted
in more than 1,500 deaths and catastrophic damage to property and the economy. In
2011, extreme amounts of precipitation, inadequate levees, and possible mismanagement of
reservoirs contributed to widespread flooding around Bangkok, Thailand.
In response to a request from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National
Research Council (NRC) established the Committee on Principal-Investigator-Led Missions in the Space
Sciences in the summer of 2004 to conduct a study of Principal-Investigator (PI)-led missions in the space
sciences. (Appendix A includes brief biographies of the committee members and staff.