Communicable diseases

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  • Chapter 28 - Infectious and communicable diseases. This chapter identify general public health principles related to infectious disease, describe the chain of elements necessary for an infectious disease to occur, explain how internal and external barriers affect susceptibility to infection,...and other contents.

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  • Thyroid and parathyroid diseases are among the most frequent conditions we have to deal with in a clinical setting. Both nodular and autoimmune diseases affecting these glands have increased remarkably over the past decades. The widespread use of crosssectional imaging and the introduction of neck ultrasonography have led to a thyroid nodule epidemics and the diagnostic of neck lesions in half of the population. Consequently, many patients with microscopic papillary thyroid cancers of uncertain clinical significance are submitted to surgeries that may, perhaps, be unnecessary....

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Non-communicable diseases and global health governance: enhancing global processes to improve health development

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  • The purpose of this technical note is to provide health professionals in United Nations agencies, non- governmental organizations, donor agencies and local authorities working with populations affected by emergencies with up-to-date technical guidance on the major communicable disease threats faced by the cyclone-affected population in Myanmar. The endemic and epidemic-prone diseases indicated have been selected on the basis of the burden of morbidity, mortality and epidemic potential in the area, as previously documented by WHO.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Are there any changes in burden and management of communicable diseases in areas affected by Cyclone Nargis?

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The hope and the promise of the UN Resolution on non-communicable diseases

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Understanding chronic non-communicable diseases in Latin America: towards an equitybased research agenda

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Chronic Non-communicable Diseases in Cameroon- burden, determinants and current policies

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Occupational health legislation and practices related to seafarers on passenger ships focused on communicable diseases: results from a European cross-sectional study (EU SHIPSAN PROJECT)

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  • The first section of this chapter explores corruption, modelled as a non-fatal transmissible infection which divides a community into 4 compartments: Susceptible, Infective, Removed and Resistant. The Removed class has age structure. The corruptionfree steady state, though unstable, can be stabilized by feedback control. The efficiency of the measure depends on a number of parameters, especially the rates at which susceptibles become resistant, and the infective are removed or become resistant. The second part analyses disease transmission as a saturable interaction.

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  • Epidemiological studies about contagious diseases have two very specific characteristics. The first refers to the object, which is only a source of damage. The second relates to the goals, which aim to determine the relationship between cause and effect, i.e., between exposure and disease. So, even with multifactorial determinants, it's an unidimensional evaluation. Therefore, in a evaluation between exposed and unexposed, the concept of risk approaches the definition of probability.

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  • This book is produced not as a comprehensive review of current understanding of the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis but rather as a series of well selected individual update chapters that provide snapshots of the breadth and depth of renal science, as it exists today. Thus, chapters cover the dual roles of the innate immune system in mediating disease and initiating the immune response (Yahuan Lou), while others focus on both the humoral and cellular arms of the adaptive immune system (Tetsuhiro Tanaka et al.

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  • Major health problems in Myanmar, which are most likely to be exacerbated by this crisis, relate predominantly to communicable diseases (malaria, dengue, measles) and malnutrition, especially in children. As of 2003, 40% of children under five were assessed as being stunted, indicating chronic malnutrition and 10% as being wasted (acute malnutrition) (UNICEF). Major causes of death are usually due to malaria, respiratory and diarrhoeal diseases.

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  • The CAPRI version used for this study is standard comparative-static, i.e. adjustment costs are not considered and policy simulations reveal a situation where dairy farmers were given time to adjust their fixed factors to the new policy framework. By incorporating an econometric supply module for the most representative dairy farms in the EU, the update of the CAPRI model allows for a better representation of the dairy sector, as additional information on milk quota rents and price supply elasticities are now explicitly introduced for dairy products. ...

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  • Delia-Marina Alexe MD PhD is a graduate of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” in Bucharest, Romania. She trained in trauma and cancer epidemiology at the University of Athens Medical School, Greece. She joined the Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology Unit at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, in 2006. Her research interests include cancer aetiology and trends; the role of adipose tissue hormones and growth factors in cancer risk; and early life environment and cancer risk....

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  • Report by the WHO health update (WHO 2004) IN Dafur region of Sudan showed that the main health cancers facing displaced people in Dafur and their host communities include: Malnutrition, acute respiratory infections, diarrhoeal disease, malaria, hepatitis E and conflictreated tarauma. The possibility of outbreaks of communicable diseases is particularly elevated, low standards of environmental hygiene, declining nutritional states, and low vaccination coverage.

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  • We reviewed an additional 47 studies addressing barriers to the treatment of patients with sickle cell disease and interventions to overcome these barriers. In our review of barriers to adequate pain management, we found two factors that were identified as a barrier in more than two studies: negative provider attitudes and poor provider knowledge.

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  • This report confirms that approximately one-quarter of the global disease burden, and more than one-third of the burden among children, is due to modifiable environmental factors. The analysis here also goes a step further, and systematically analyzes how different diseases are impacted by environmental risks… and by 'how much.' Heading that list are diarrhoea, lower respiratory infections, various forms of unintentional injuries, and malaria.

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  • The complexity of children’s environmental health (CEH) issues is compounded by the combination of legacy environmental issues, such as water quality and sanitation service delivery, with modern challenges such as transboundary contamination by persistent toxic substances, ozone depletion and hence ultraviolet and ionising radiation, global climate change, and exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals).

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  • Gynecological cancers as a group comprise approximately 11% of female cancer. 1 In the United States, it is estimated that nearly 80,720 women will be diagnosed in 2009 with gynecological cancers and that approximately 28,120 women will die as a result of these cancers (accounting for 10%of all cancer-related deaths in women). Gynecological cancers are typically diagnosed by history, physical examination, and selected imaging studies.

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