Xem 1-20 trên 441 kết quả Communicative approach
  • Chapter 2 Approaches to language testing Language tests are chronologically classified according to four main approaches: (1) the essay translation approach; (2) the structuralist approach; (3) the integrative approach; and (4) the communicative

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  • Lecture Chapter 2: Approaches to language testing presented Language tests are chronologically classified according to four main approaches: (1) the essay translation approach; (2) the structuralist approach; (3) the integrative approach; and (4) the communicative.

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  • A Communicative Grammar of English was first published in 1975, since then the book has established itself as a grammar innovative in approach, reliable in coverage, and clear in its explanations. It is now available in this fully revised and redesigned third edition to provide up-to-date and accessible help to teachers, advanced learners and undergraduates students of English. A completely new Workbook co-authored by ELT specialists Edward Woods and Rudy Coppieters will also accompany this edition.

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  • This hands-on guide offers practical advice on all aspects of science communication. It features a tightly interwoven fabric of issues: product types, target groups, written communication, visual communication, validation processes, practices of efficient workflow, distribution, promotion, advertising, and much more. Extremely practical, the guide provides the necessary "shortcuts" to produce outreach products of high quality. All concepts are explained with simple terms and illustrative examples while check lists and short "to-the-point" overviews enable rapid progress and quick results.

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  • This book follows from my first edition and is intended to provide a thorough, up to date, treatment of wireless physical communications. The book is derived from a compilation of course material that I have taught in a graduatelevel course on physical wireless communications at Georgia Tech over the past decade. This textbook differs from others on the subject by stressing mathematical modeling and analysis. My approach is to include detailed derivations from first principles.

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  • Distance Education Programme (DEP)is a major intervention in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA) focusing on “strengthening training through distance learning’. SSA calls for the training of a large no. of teachers and other personnel to bring out qualitative improvement in elementary education. As face-to-face approach or the cascade model would be inadequate to carry out the enormous task of training and recurrent training of those associated with elementary.

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  • Science communicators Guide "(ISBN 0-387-26324-1) is a book that shows how to create science and communication between the perfect combination of inspiration and his many years of experience in the field examples from the Hubble European Space Agency Information Center provided by Lars Lindberg Christensen, and many hands-on practical science communication of the core issues opinions

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  • A context-sensitive approach to sustainable planning and development helps to protect public health, safety, andwelfare. By avoiding inherent site problems, or constraints, and by capitalizing on inherent site assets, or opportunities, site planners can limit long-term maintenance costs and, more important, reduce the risks to life and property from natural hazards. The careful analysis of sites—and the site’s context—can lead to better development proposals and, ultimately, to higher-quality built environments. Qualified site planners and designers are vital to this process.

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  • Gateway devices and Call Managers are not limited to geographical boundaries. A properly designed system would easily provide the scalability, redundancy and fault tolerance that highly available networks require. The unified communications approach relates very closely to the Internet model that the Department of Defense designed. The Cisco Call Manager server clustering approach represents a highly available network model that can meet disaster recovery requirements when aligned with the proper underlying quality of service (QoS)- enabled infrastructure.

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  • As one of the fastest growing technologies in our culture today, data communications and networking presents a unique challenge for instructors. As both the number and types of students are increasing, it is essential to have a textbook that provides coverage of the latest advances, while presenting the material in a way that is accessible to students with little or no background in the field. Using a bottom-up approach,

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  • (BQ) Data Communications and Computer Networks: A Business User's Approach will give you the thorough understanding you need of basic features, operations, and limitations of ifferent types of computer networks. This book offers full coverage of wireless technologies, industry convergence, compression techniques, network security, LAN technologies, VoIP, and error detection and correction.

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  • Ecotourism is said to be a high prospective trend in tourism development. Theoretically, it addresses the triple bottom line of the World’s pressing issues. Nevertheless, the reality does not usually come up to expectations. Very few case studies were proved to be successfully adopted. One of the reasons is the weakness in terms of community approach, particularly in developing countries.

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  • This book is about the promises and failures of community mental health. It is also about hope and recovery. During the past 50 years, the treatment of persons with serious mental illness has undergone a radical transformation. Significant advances in research and the influence of a growing consumer advocacy movement are forcefully shaping a brave new world in community mental health. At the same time, tremendous suffering persists for those afflicted by serious mental illness.

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  • Another class of linear codes, known as Convolutional codes. We study the structure of the encoder. We study different ways for representing the encoder.Convolutional codes offer an approach to error control coding substantially different from that of block codes. A convolutional encoder: encodes the entire data stream, into a single codeword. does not need to segment the data stream into blocks of fixed size (Convolutional codes are often forced to block structure by periodic truncation). is a machine with memory.

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  • In this edited volume, global experts in ecology and evolutionary biology explore how theories in ecology elucidate the processes of invasion, while also examining how specific invasions inform ecological theory. This reciprocal benefit is highlighted in a number of scales of organization: population, community and biogeographic. The text describes example invaders in all major groups of organisms and from a number of regions around the globe.

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  • We address the issue of on-line detection of communication problems in spoken dialogue systems. The usefulness is investigated of the sequence of system question types and the word graphs corresponding to the respective user utterances. By applying both ruleinduction and memory-based learning techniques to data obtained with a Dutch train time-table information system, the current paper demonstrates that the aforementioned features indeed lead to a method for problem detection that performs significantly above baseline.

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  • This intuitive yet rigourous introduction derives the core results of digital communication from first principles. Theory, rather than industry standards, motivates the engineering approaches, and key results are stated with all the required assumptions. The book emphasizes the geometric view, opening with the inner product, the matched filter for its computation, Parseval's theorem, the sampling theorem as an orthonormal expansion, the isometry between passband signals and their baseband representation, and the spectral-efficiency optimality of quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM).

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  • This study examines the technical and scale efficiencies for a sample of irrigated and rainfed rice farmers in Anambra State, using data envelopment analysis (DEA). Two(2) local government areas were purposively selected; three communities were randomly selected giving a total of six(6) communities. 

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  • In the context of modern high-speed communication networks, decision reactivity is often complicated by the notion of guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS), which can either be related to time, packet loss or bandwidth requirements: constraints related to various types of QoS make some algorithms not acceptable. Due to emerging real-time and multimedia applications, efficient routing of information packets in dynamically changing communication network requires that as the load levels,

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  • Baumgarten expresses that aesthetics (beauty) is a harmony of expression, structure and content. Probably a statement which is identical to what an artist expresses when saying that a work must have a clear leading feature: a main idea (theme), a structure (structural principles) and a content (which provide a work’s richness and evidences power and life) [5, p.74]. Our methodical approach to formgiving rooted in aesthetics is based on this leading feature, although the contents of the three components are only partially resolved in relation to the design of artefacts.

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