Comparing systems

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  • AFIS systems are amazing. With AFIS, people can be fingerprinted and have their criminal history records checked in a matter of minutes; a mug shot and palm print might be included on the rap sheet returned to the inquiring agency. The technology has moved from exclusively forensic or criminal applications into other areas, such as social services benefits and other emerging applications. The greatest use of AFIS technology is for tenprint identifications, in which rolled fingerprint images are compared against enrolled records.

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  • When a fiber-optic link is neither practical nor feasible, under the above scenario, wireless optical communications (WOC) becomes a real alternative, since it allows to transfer data with high-bandwidth requirements with the additional advantages of wireless systems (Arimoto, 2010; Ciaramella et al., 2009; Sova et al., 2006). Moreover, a wireless optical communication system offers, when compared with RF technology, an intrinsic narrower beam; less power, mass and volume requirements, and the advantage of no regulatory policies for using optical frequencies and bandwidth....

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  • This chapter reviews some of the basic magnitudes of solar radiation and some of the basics of PSpice. A brief description of a photovoltaic system is followed by definitions of spectral irradiance, irradiance and solar radiation. Basic commands and syntax of the sentences most commonly used in this book are shortly summarized and used to write PSpice files for the AM1 SG and AM0 sun spectra, which are used to plot the values of the spectral irradiance as a function of the wavelength and compare them with a black body radiation.

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  • This Web site provides information for the system administrator of Tru64 UNIX systems (Version 5.1A and higher) and of HP-UX 11i v2 systems. Commands, graphical user interfaces (GUIs), and notes are compared for each system in a side-by-side basis. These comparisons do not imply a one-to-one correspondence; they can show a different method for accomplishing a given task.

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  • Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective demon- strates that the study of taxation can illuminate fundamental dynamics of modern societies. The fourteen chapters in this collection offer a state-of-the-art survey of the new fiscal sociology that is emerging at the intersection of sociology, history, political science, and law. The contributors include some of the foremost comparative historical scholars in these disciplines and others.

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  • This paper looks at the development of the financial systems of ASEAN-5 countries and Vietnam. By making a comparison between factors that foster the financial development of ASEAN-5 and Vietnam, it suggests that both the two sides share common characteristics including: financial repression, bank based development, accelerating liberalization of the financial sector, capital movement, inefficiency, due to lack of competition, effective governance, and managerial freedom.

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  • The first part of the description starts with the basic configuration of the fault-tolerant S7-400H programmable controller and the components making up the S7-400H base system. We then describe the hardware components with which you can expand this base system. The second part describes the software applications with which you can configure and program the S7-400H.

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  • Understand the difference between data and information, and how firms use each to achieve organizational goals. Integrate the components of a firm’s information technology. Compare different types of networks, including local area networks, intranets, extranets, and the Internet.

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  • System programming (or systems programming) is the activity of programming system software. The primary distinguishing characteristic of systems programming when compared to application programming is that application programming aims to produce software which provides services to the user (e.g. word processor), whereas systems programming aims to produce software which provides services to the computer hardware (e.g. disk defragmenter). It requires a greater degree of hardware awareness.

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  • In addition, the distributions of deaths by age and by cause in Delhi are very different from those in the U.S. In the U.S., over 70 percent of all deaths occur after the age of 65. In Delhi, over 70 percent of all deaths occur before the age of 65, with over 20 percent occurring before the age of five. Furthermore, 46 percent of all non-trauma deaths in the U.S. are attributable to cardiovascular disease compared to only 23 percent in Delhi.' Because the main effects of acute exposure to air pollution on daily deaths occur through impacts on...

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  • FOR OVER 35 years Mirjan Damaška’s work has shone like a beacon over those who try to make sense of the similarities and differences between national legal systems. As someone who was a professor of law at the University of Zagreb Law School before coming to the United States to teach at the University of Pennsylvania and then at Yale, his work reflects an unparalleled range of erudition and a deep understanding of the common law and civil law traditions born of personal experience.

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  • Cross-lingual tasks are especially difficult due to the compounding effect of errors in language processing and errors in machine translation (MT). In this paper, we present an error analysis of a new cross-lingual task: the 5W task, a sentence-level understanding task which seeks to return the English 5W's (Who, What, When, Where and Why) corresponding to a Chinese sentence. We analyze systems that we developed, identifying specific problems in language processing and MT that cause errors.

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  • We present a human-robot dialogue system that enables a robot to work together with a human user to build wooden construction toys. We then describe a study in which na¨ve subjects interacted with this ı system under a range of conditions and then completed a user-satisfaction questionnaire. The results of this study provide a wide range of subjective and objective measures of the quality of the interactions.

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  • Recently confusion network decoding shows the best performance in combining outputs from multiple machine translation (MT) systems. However, overcoming different word orders presented in multiple MT systems during hypothesis alignment still remains the biggest challenge to confusion network-based MT system combination. In this paper, we compare four commonly used word alignment methods, namely GIZA++, TER, CLA and IHMM, for hypothesis alignment.

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  • This paper focuses on the analysis and prediction of so-called aware sites, defined as turns where a user of a spoken dialogue system first becomes aware that the system has made a speech recognition error. We describe statistical comparisons of features of these aware sites in a train timetable spoken dialogue corpus, which reveal significant prosodic differences between such turns, compared with turns that ‘correct’ speech recognition errors as well as with ‘normal’ turns that are neither aware sites nor corrections. ...

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  •  Compression of executable code in embedded microprocessor systems, used in the past mainly to reduce the memory footprint of embedded software, is gaining interest for the potential reduction in memory bus traffic and power consumption. We propose three new schemes for code compression, based on the concepts of static (using the static representation of the executable) and dynamic (using program execution traces) entropy and compare them with a state-of-the-art compression scheme, IBM’s CodePack.

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  • Subjectivity analysis is a rapidly growing field of study. Along with its applications to various NLP tasks, much work have put efforts into multilingual subjectivity learning from existing resources. Multilingual subjectivity analysis requires language-independent criteria for comparable outcomes across languages. This paper proposes to measure the multilanguage-comparability of subjectivity analysis tools, and provides meaningful comparisons of multilingual subjectivity analysis from various points of view. ...

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  • The automatic extraction of comparative information is an important text mining problem and an area of increasing interest. In this paper, we study how to build a Korean comparison mining system. Our work is composed of two consecutive tasks: 1) classifying comparative sentences into different types and 2) mining comparative entities and predicates.

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  • Individual utterances often serve multiple communicative purposes in dialogue. We present a data-driven approach for identification of multiple dialogue acts in single utterances in the context of dialogue systems with limited training data. Our approach results in significantly increased understanding of user intent, compared to two strong baselines.

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  • Despite the rising interest in developing grammatical error detection systems for non-native speakers of English, progress in the field has been hampered by a lack of informative metrics and an inability to directly compare the performance of systems developed by different researchers. In this paper we address these problems by presenting two evaluation methodologies, both based on a novel use of crowdsourcing.

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