Owing to the diffusion ofmaterial fromone foil to
another, no borderline limitations between single foils in terms of heat transfer exist
any more. Thus, the thermal behavior of diffusion-bonded devices is superior in
comparison to that of the devices manufactured by other bonding techniques. In
Figure 1.13, the diffusion bonding process chain is shown clockwise, starting with
the single foils stack of a cross-ﬂow stainless steel device. Figure 1.14 shows a cut
through a diffusion-bonded stainless steel device.
Among these taxa, bacteria are very important because they play a crucial role in most
biogeochemical cycles in marine ecosystems (Fenchel, 1988), taking part in the
decomposition of organic matter and the cycling of nutrients. Bacteria are also an important
source of food for a variety of marine organisms (Das et al., 2006), and their activity has a
major impact on ecosystem metabolism and function.
A key reason is that agricultural production has few technical (dis) economies of scale, implying that a
range of production forms can coexist. A look at the 300 or so publicly listed companies in table 4
illustrates this point. Even though farming accounts for 22 percent of the global agricultural value chain, it
makes up a mere 0.2 percent of equity market capitalization. As of October 2009, there were only seven
publicly listed farming companies worldwide, three in Brazil and Argentina and four in Ukraine and
Mutual funds have been a significant source of investment in both government and corporate
securities. Decades it has been the monopoly of the state with UTI being the key player, with invested
funds exceeding Rs.300 bn. The state-owned insurance companies also hold a portfolio of stocks.
Presently, numerous mutual funds exist, including private and foreign companies and mainly state-
owned Banks. Foreign participation in mutual funds and asset management companies (AUM) is
permitted on a case-by-case basis.
Individuals accounted for the majority of listed subjects in the SARs; however, filers
noted a few as business entities and, in some cases, identified a family’s trust fund or
Approximately 65 percent of the subjects found in the 641 SARs were either: a)
associated with some kind of business (named or un-named) or occupation13
identified by a job title, profession or other reference (Physician, Attorney, Restau-
rant Owner, Retired, etc.); or c) identified by a business name or the nature of the
business if the subject was listed as a company.
Because larger ﬁrms are much more likely to be covered by collective bargaining
contracts and works councils, a closely related issue concerns the independent role
of ﬁrm size in providing wage insurance. As ﬁrm size is typically viewed as a good
proxy for capital market access (e.g., Gertler and Gilchrist 1994), insurance contracts
should be particularly apparent for individuals working at larger employers.
The success with organic foods depends on consumer acceptance and use. Potential
consumers may not even be aware of organic foods or may have the wrong perception
even when aware. More knowledge could lead to increased use of organics due to the link
between awareness and purchases. Briz and Ward (2009) argue that while awareness is
based on consciousness, consumption requires an explicit buying commitment that
should be influenced by price and appropriate measure(s) of the organic quality. These
may be important attributes to consider increasing organic food consumption.
Beginning with Titman and Wessels (1988), then Rajan and Zingales (1995) and more
recently Frank and Goyal (2004), the empirical corporate finance literature has converged to a
limited set of variables that are reliably related to the leverage of non-financial firms.
Leverage is positively correlated with size and collateral, and is negatively correlated with
profits, market-to-book ratio and dividends.
We use data from the Expenditure and Food Survey (EFS), which is administered every
year in the UK. The annual sample includes between six and seven thousand households.
For each household, an initial interview collects detailed demographic information.
Immediately after the interview, each household member starts a expenditure diary, in
which they record everything they buy during the next fourteen days. Diary expenditures
are aggregated to “diary weeks” in the data, for reasons of confidentiality, resulting in
two seven-day aggregates of expenditure for each individual.
Today’s student population is technology
driven and there is an ongoing need for
learning spaces and furniture to meet
these rapidly developing demands.
Students no longer rely on printed
materials as their primary resource for
learning. Instead they make frequent and
steady use of digital information in support
of their studies and research.
IT has fundamentally transformed
the educational environment and its
integration into the curriculum is redefining
the perception of a quality school. The
selection and planning of furniture has
responded to this evolution.
According to the 2010 Status Report on Prevention and Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage and Pre-
Eclampsia/Eclampsia, misoprostol reportedly is on national EMLs in 61 percent of the 31 countries surveyed by
USAID/MCHIP, although approved uses do not consistently include postpartum hemorrhage prevention or treatment.
While almost all the students who volunteered to participate in this study acknowledged in the
interviews that their primary motivation for participation was the hope that they could achieve the
coveted score of at least 7.0 in Listening, Reading, Writing and Speaking, as well as an Overall score
of 7.0 – the English language proficiency requirement for an application for an Australian Skilled
Independent Resident visa in 2010 or for Nursing Registration – only six out of the 40 students
managed to do so. Of these six, four had already achieved an Overall score of 7.0 or 7.
Important player for the regulation of gingival connective tissue homeostasis is the
fibroblast, cell able to synthesize and breakdown the collagen fibers and other proteins from
the ground substance. In vitro studies have shown that fibroblasts from human normal
gingiva produce collagens type I and type III, while cells derived from gingiva of patients
with chronic periodontitis failed to produce detectable amounts of type III collagen
(Hammouda et al., 1980; Chavier et al., 1984, as cited in Bartold & Narayanan, 2006)....
They use geological and distribution
data on the island’s 1,284 plant genera and more than 2,000 endemic plant taxa to
identify 19 biomes there, and they describe complex conservation challenges. The next
chapter by Benny Chan and Pei-Fen Lee explores the biogeography of the barnacles of
Taiwan, relating taxon distributions to coastal geomorphology and the complex array
of oceanic currents around the island. Global climate changes in ocean water
temperature may permit southerly, warmwater taxa to expand northward, invading
habitat presently occupied by coldwater taxa....
TV commercials for tobacco also came under fire. When th
were barred by Congress in 1972, cigarette makers started talkin
about how to exploit the movies in a more systematic way, usin
Hollywood to position their brands in the global marketplace.
Residential leases are regulated by provincial legislation. In some
cases, the applicable legislation will override the terms of the lease
agreement, regardless of the intention of the parties. In some
provinces, the ability of the landlord to increase residential rents
is limited by provincial regulation.
Most real estate !nancing is arranged through institutional lenders
such as banks, trust companies, pension funds, credit unions and
Until recent years, cultivars’ identification was based only on morphological and agronomic
traits. However, recognition of olive cultivars based on phenotypic characters revealed to be
problematic, especially in early stages of tree development. Traditionally diversity within
and between olive tree cultivars was determined by assessing differences in olive tree,
namely leaf shape and color, and olive fruits morphology.
At the Kabupaten level, the average relative cash flow per worker is 74 million Rp (with 95%
confidence limits of 70 to 78 million Rp), but the dispersion is high and the spatial heterogeneity
among villages is considerable (Figure 18). In some villages, the added value per worker is less
than 1 million Rp/year, while others produce more than 600 million Rp/year/worker. There is no
clear explanation for the differences, as they are not obviously linked to either the industrial or
Governments and UN agencies have failed to meet their international
commitments and should be called to account. Despite the relative ease of
delivering the antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent vertical transmission
progress has been slow, with global coverage rising from 9 percent in 2004
to 33 percent coverage in 2007. At least three quarters of HIV-positive
pregnant women in 61 countries, including Cameroon, Ethiopia, India and
Nigeria, are still not receiving this intervention.
Moreover, it is not enough merely to ensure access to ARV prophylaxis.
The international consequences of zero-interest-rate policies are also negative. With
interbank markets in the U.S. and Europe congested, forward foreign exchange markets become
more difficult to organize. Without forward cover, exporters and importers find it more difficult
to secure normal letters of credit. In the financial panic of 2008, foreign trade imploded much
more than domestic trade.
In addition, the Fed’s zero interest rate strategy inevitably weakens the dollar in the