The purpose of this book is to examine the experience of a number of
countries in grappling with the problems of reconciling the two fields of
competition policy and intellectual property rights. The first two parts
of the book indicate the variation in legislative models as well as the
wide variety of judicial and administrative doctrines that have been
used. The jurisdictions selected for study are the three major trading
blocks with the longest experience of case law, the EU, the USA and
Japan, and three less populous countries with open economies,
Australia, Ireland and Singapore.
Chapter 4 discuss the social costs of a monopoly and indicate its relevance for "deregulation", outline the characteristic features of a natural monopoly, discuss the case for and against regulating a natural monopoly, explain the meaning of the "structure-conductperformance" (SCP) hypothesis and discuss its relevance for competition policy in South Africa, explain Demsetz’s "efficiency hypothesis" and discuss its relevance for competition policy generally.
The application of competition law to intellectual-property-related cases may
well be regarded as one of the most complex and critical fields of competition
policy. Whereas in the past intellectual property and competition were mostly
considered as contradictory concepts, it is today widely admitted that both
fields of law, intellectual property and competition law, are meant to promote
complementary goals, namely innovation based on dynamic concepts of
This edition continues the theme that runs throughout all 12 chapters: global environmental
sustainability. This strategic issue will become even more important in the years ahead, as all
of us struggle to deal with the consequences of climate change, global warming, and energy
availability. We continue to be the most comprehensive strategy book on the market, with
chapters ranging from corporate governance and social responsibility to competitive strategy,
functional strategy, and strategic alliances.
• Provide policy makers and external observers with a data-rich
assessment of Vietnam’s competitiveness, using a comprehensive
• Develop an integrated set of policy recommendations, supported by a
transparent logic and data
• Engage decision makers from different constituencies in a dialogue on
the future of Vietnam’s competitiveness
Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology
transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through
corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other
hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic,
though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region
in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating
increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.
The Market for Higher Education: Economic Analyses of College Choice , Returns , and State Aid Policy A thesis Present I find suggestive evidence, however, that her estimates, from a sample of
public school students, are upward biased by selection into private schools. Moreover, an
investigation of the sampling variability of Hoxbys estimates leads to the conclusion that her
standard errors are understated, and that even her own point estimates of the competitive
effect are not significantly different from zero....
When Claus-Dieter Ehlermann asked me in late December 2004 whether I
would be willing to contribute to the 10th Annual Competition Law and
Policy Workshop, I was not quite sure whether he was about to offer me a
Christmas gift or another Dardanians’ present.
1 After all, the relationship
between the protection of intellectual property and the maintenance of free
competition is the subject of an age-old debate2 to which I had already con-
tributed too much, with too little impact.
COMPETITIVE PRICES Finally, it may be that the sorts of policies that I call school
effectiveness, those not dependent on the peer group, are relatively unimportant
determinants of student outcomes (or that they do not vary substantially across schools), and
thus that effectiveness sorting and differences in average effectiveness across markets are not
observable in the pattern of average SAT scores.
RISKY HEALTH. BEHAVIORS AND PUBLIC POLICY Consistent with the results on within-market sorting, I
also find no evidence that Tiebout choice increases average SAT scores across markets, as
would be expected if choice increases competitive pressure for administrators to run
Vietnam has experienced an impressive growth over the last two
However, reforms so far are insufficient to move Vietnam to a middle
The next several years will determine whether Vietnam will follow the
experience of Korea, or the Philippines.
Vietnam’s reform have been piecemeal and reactive.
Improving Vietnam’s standard of living will require a long term
– A set of interrelated policy changes, institutional structures, and
rigorous implementation mechanisms....
The study provides a comprehensive picture of the animal feed sector in Vietnam (both supply and
demand side) upon data collected from 2 main surveys: feed mill survey investigating the supply side
and producer survey investigating the demand side. The results show that, on the supply side, SMEs
appear to have less competitiveness than large ones. That is reflected in some aspects such as higher
production costs per kg output, using more labor, limited quality control, limited access to capital and
land, and many small enterprises have losses.
For the past fifteen years the New Keynesian model has
served as a frame of reference for analyses of fluctuations
and stabilization policies.1 That framework has allowed the
rigor and internal consistency of dynamic general equilibrium
models to be combined with typically Keynesian
assumptions, like monopolistic competition and nominal
rigidities, thus setting the stage for a meaningful, welfarebased
analysis of the effects of alternative monetary policy
Purpose of the study: On the basis of synthesis and clearer interpretation of the relationshipsbetween competition and monopoly, between competition policy and monopoly control one, in which competition and mono
poly control law forms an important part of competition policy. In addition, based on the analysis results and situation assessment as well as reference to experience drawn from some countries in the world, and changes of the global environment;...
In August 1976 the Committee on Technology and International Economic
and Trade Issues examined a number of technological issues and their
relationship to the potential entrepreneurial vitality of the U.S. economy. The
committee was concerned with:
• Technology and its effect on trade between the United States and other
countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and
• Relationships between technological innovation and U.S. productivity
and competitiveness in world trade; impacts of technology and trade on
From the moment I got in contact with the law as a student, I have been try-
ing to find the crosslinks between the various areas of law as well as rela-
tionships between certain areas of law and matters of public policy and
economics. Unfair competition law, as a separate area of law, has proved to
be a particularly attractive area of law in light of the above.
Until recently, competition for the United
States in high technology goods and services has
come from Japan and the countries of Western
Europe, but this situation is rapidly changing.
There has been remarkable growth in innovative
capabilities in a number of countries that 30
years ago were classified as developing
economies. Taiwan and South Korea, followed
by China and India, are the leading examples of
After studying this chapter you will be able to: Learn why resource allocation should always be based on strategic priorities; understand why policies and procedures should be designed to facilitate good strategy execution; understand why and how benchmarking, best-practices adoption, and tools for continuously improving the performance of value chain activities help an organization achieve operating excellence and superior strategy execution.
The first signs of future change are already appar-
ent for both the regional savings banks and their
local savings companies. Thus concrete indications
already suggest that the number of regional sav-
ings banks will decline further in the near future as
a result of mergers. This is because the business
area of some savings banks is likely to be too lim-
ited for them to achieve satisfactory operating
results in the long term in a tougher and increas-
ingly international competitive climate.