We propose a novel approach to extraposition in German within an alternative conception of syntax in which syntactic structure and linear order are mediated not via encodings of hierarchical relations but instead via order domains. At the heart of our proposal is a new kind of domain formation which affords analyses of extraposition constructions that are linguistically more adequate than those previously suggested in the literature.
Domain Driven Design is a vision and approach for dealing with highly complex domains that is based on making the domain itself the main focus of the project, and maintaining a software model that reflects a deep understanding of the domain. This book is a short, quickly-readable summary and introduction to the fundamentals of DD
A key task for any interdisciplinary field such as law and development is to determine what
each discipline aims to gain fromits interaction with the other. Law and development certainly
seeks to ensure that development considerations are taken into account by lawyers, and that
legal considerations are taken into account by those who study development.
In this section we will deﬁne what we mean by a complex func-
tion. We will then generalise the deﬁnitions of the exponential,
sine and cosine functions using complex power series. To deal
with complex power series we deﬁne the notions of conver-
gent and absolutely convergent, and see how to use the ratio
test from real analysis to determine convergence and radius
of convergence for these complex series.
We start by deﬁning domains in the complex plane. This
requires the prelimary deﬁnition....
Spelling correction for keyword-search queries is challenging in restricted domains such as personal email (or desktop) search, due to the scarcity of query logs, and due to the specialized nature of the domain. For that task, this paper presents an algorithm that is based on statistics from the corpus data (rather than the query log). This algorithm, which employs a simple graph-based approach, can incorporate different types of data sources with different levels of reliability (e.g., email subject vs.
We present a novel application of NLP and text mining to the analysis of financial documents. In particular, we describe an implemented prototype, Maytag, which combines information extraction and subject classification tools in an interactive exploratory framework. We present experimental results on their performance, as tailored to the financial domain, and some forward-looking extensions to the approach that enables users to specify classifications on the fly.
Morphologically complex terms composed from Greek or Latin elements are frequent in scientiﬁc and technical texts. Word forming units are thus relevant cues for the identiﬁcation of terms in domainspeciﬁc texts. This article describes a method for the automatic extraction of terms relying on the detection of classical preﬁxes and word-initial combining forms. Word-forming units are identiﬁed using a regular expression. The system then extracts terms by selecting words which either begin or coalesce with these elements. ...
Abstract Complex I is the fi rst enzyme of the respiratory chain and plays a central
role in cellular energy production. It has been implicated in many human neurodegenerative
diseases, as well as in ageing. One of the biggest membrane protein
complexes, varying in size from 0.5 to 1 MDa, it is an L-shaped assembly consisting
of hydrophilic and membrane domains. Previously, we determined the structure
of the hydrophilic domain in several redox states. It established the pathway for
electron transfer from NADH to quinone via seven Fe-S clusters.
Originally the term ‘protein module’ was coined to distinguish mobile
domains that frequently occur as building blocks of diverse multidomain
proteins from ‘static’ domains that usually exist only as stand-alone units
of single-domain proteins. Despite the widespread use of the term ‘mobile
domain’, the distinction between static and mobile domains is rather vague
as it is not easy to quantify the mobility of domains.
A challenging problem for spoken dialog systems is the design of utterance generation modules that are fast, ﬂexible and general, yet produce high quality output in particular domains. A promising approach is trainable generation, which uses general-purpose linguistic knowledge automatically adapted to the application domain. This paper presents a trainable sentence planner for the MATCH dialog system.
G r a m m a r formalisms based on the encoding of grammatical information in complex-valued feature systems enjoy some currency both in linguistics and natural-language-processing research. Such formalisms can be thought of by analogy to context-free grammars as generalizing the notion of nonterminal symbol from a finite domain of atomic elements to a possibly infinite domain of directed graph structures nf a certain sort.
We propose a method for analyzing long complex and compound sentences that utilizes global structure analysis with domain-specific pattern grammar. Previously, long sentence analysis with global information used the following methods: two-level analysis--global structure analysis of long sentences with domain-independent function words and parsing of their constituents[Doi et al., 1991], and pattern matching--adaptation of domain-specific fixed pattern to input sentences. By utilizing domaindependent information the latter method could analyze long sentences of that domain.
After reading Eric Evans ’ book Domain - Driven Design, Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software , my way
of designing software systems completely changed. Before that, I used to design software object models
in a very data - centric way, and I did not really focus on how to combine behavior and data in objects.
I was so inspired with this new way of thinking that I started trying to find any code samples I could get
my hands on that demonstrated the concepts from Eric ’ s awesome book. I did the usual Googling...
The Handbook of Bioinspired Algorithms and Applications seeks to provide an opportunity for researchers
to explore the connection between biologically inspired (or bioinspired) techniques and the development
of solutions to problems that arise in a variety of problem domains. The power of bioinspired paradigms
lies in their capability in dealingwith complex problemswith little or no knowledge about the search space,
and thus is particularly well suited to deal with a wide range of computationally intractable optimizations
and decision-making applications....
Due to the enormous progress in computer technology and numerical methods
that have been achieved in recent years, the use of numerical simulation methods
in industry gains more and more importance. In particular, this applies
to all engineering disciplines. Numerical computations in many cases offer a
cost effective and, therefore, very attractive possibility for the investigation
and optimization of products and processes.
There is no general consensus on how to define various risk-related terms, including the term
“risk” itself, and people may have different views on how those terms apply to their particular
organization. Both fund boards and advisers would benefit from establishing a common
understanding of the terms and concepts they use in risk-related discussions, as well as how they
apply to their funds. Some advisers include definitions or descriptions of how they view risk and
risk management in their board presentations.
Thus, mutual funds, while going by a variety of names, are fairly comparable around the globe.
this paper, we contrast mutual funds with other ways in which households might save and invest in
financial assets, which we characterize broadly as “do-it-yourself (DIY)” and “opaque financial
intermediaries.” Whereas a mutual fund is defined as a pooled diversified investment vehicle, “do-it-
yourself” investments are direct investments by households in primary securities (bonds, stocks or cash).
Constructivism is the bedrock on which the whole reform movement,
especially the three NCTM volumes [N1]-[N3], rests. Roughly, this is the
education philosophy which holds that the acquisition of knowledge takes
place only when the external input has been internalized and integrated
into one’s own mind. Thus learning requires the construction of a mental
image in response to the external input.
The project was characterised by
high uncertainty, since neither cost nor time could be accurately estimated. Times of
completion were based on probabilities: optimistic, pessimistic, and most likely. This
led to what has come to be known as the programme evaluation review technique
(PERT). Later a new methodology known as project planning and scheduling (PPS)
was introduced in the private sector. PPS required realistic estimates of cost and
time, and was considered more definitive than PERT.
Because a sub-fund's assets and liabilities may be denominated in currencies different to the Base Currency, the sub-fund may be
affected favourably or unfavourably by exchange control regulations or changes in the exchange rates between the Base Currency and
other currencies. Changes in currency exchange rates may influence the value of a sub-fund's Shares, the dividends or interest earned
and the gains and losses realised.