Complex ecosystems

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  • What makes populations stabilize? What makes them fluctuate? Are populations in complex ecosystems more stable than populations in simple ecosystems? In 1973, Robert May addressed these questions in this classic book. May investigated the mathematical roots of population dynamics and argued-counter to most current biological thinking-that complex ecosystems in themselves do not lead to population stability.

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  • Ecological issues and environmental problems have become exceedingly complex. Today, it is hubris to suppose that any single discipline can provide all the solutions for protecting and restoring ecological integrity. We have entered an age where professional humility is the only operational means for approaching environmental understanding and prediction.

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  • Challenges to sustaining the productivity of oceanic and coastal fisheries have become more critical and complex as these fisheries reach the upper limits to ocean harvests. In addition, it is now clear that we are managing interactive and dynamic food webs rather than sets of independent single-species populations.

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  • The timing of the publication of this book couldn’t be better as we celebrate the 50th anniversary of Charles Elton’s seminal book, The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants. Since this influential book was published in 1958, the study of bioinvasions has developed exponentially, alongside the exponential growth in the magnitude of the invasion problem itself. Today, bioinvasion, a highly complex ecological process and environmental concern, has become a specific branch in ecology and environmental studies, with many disciplines developing within it....

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  • This volume, edited by John Gunn, Rob Steedman, and Dick Ryder, pulls together an incredibly broad mix of people and topics under a single cover. As such, it is a worthy addition to the new series from CRC Press — Integrative Studies in Water Management and Land Development — that was initiated in 2002 with publication of my own edited volume, Handbook of Water Sensitive Planning and Design . Books like these are rare, but they shouldn’t be.

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  • The world is changing quickly, and our models of learning, communicating, and acting must change accordingly. Throughout society we must rethink basic notions of how we define and accomplish our goals in a complex and changing environment, including how we prepare ourselves for professional careers. This book is an effort in that direction for students in natural resource management. It is a response to some of the challenges we perceive students will face in the early twenty-first century, and it is a practice field on which they may begin to develop their skills....

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  • The variety of macrofauna in limnetic and estuarine ecosystems is related to the spatial arrangement of habitats with different quantitative and qualitative complexities (Heck & Crowder, 1991; Taniguchi et al., 2003; Genkai-Kato, 2007; Gullström et al., 2008). Among these habitats, submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV), harbour a high diversity of molluscs, macrocrustaceans and fish, by favouring a greater survival and growth of the associated populations (Minello & Zimmerman, 1991; Pelicice & Agostinho, 2006; Rozas & Minello, 2006; Cetra & Petrere, 2007; Genkai-Kato, 2007; Hansen et al.

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  • Remote sensing has been defined as the detection, recognition, or evaluation of objects by means of distant sensing or recording devices. In recent decades, remote sensing technology has emerged to support data collection and analysis methods of potential interest and importance in forest management. Historically, digital remote sensing developed quickly from the technology of aerial photography and photointerpretation science. In forestry, information extracted visually from aerial photographs is well-understood, well-used, and integrated with field surveys.

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  • The advance of chemicals in industry during the XX century gave rise to a number of highly aggressive compounds to human beings, and that altered the ecosystems balancing. Human population is inevitably exposed to environmental pollution through air-degraded products, water, the soil and food and their introduction into the food chain (Gomez et al, 2011). The use of pesticides has been recognized and accepted as an essential ingredient in the modern agriculture for the control of pests, which damage crops and as a result, they produce a severe loss in food production.

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  • There is a commonly held myth in our society that anything that is “natural” is good, wholesome, and healthful, whereas anything that is “synthetic” is bad, toxic, and harmful. The mere mention of the word chemical is enough to strike terror into the heart of any food faddist. This attitude is, at best, naïve and, at worst, dangerous.

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  • Conserving Living Natural Resources provides students, managers, and general readers with an introduction to the principles of managing biological resources. It presents the historical and conceptual contexts of three seminal approaches to the management of living natural resources: utilitarian management for harvest of featured species and control of unwanted species, protection and restoration of populations and habitats to maintain biodiversity, and management of complex ecosystems to sustain both productivity and biodiversity.

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  • Clojure is a practical, general-purpose language that offers expressivity rivaling other dynamic languages like Ruby and Python, while seamlessly taking advantage of Java libraries, services, and all of the resources of the JVM ecosystem. This book helps you learn the fundamentals of Clojure with examples relating it to the languages you know already, in the domains and topics you work with every day. See how this JVM language can help eliminate unnecessary complexity from your programming practice and open up new options for solving the most challenging problems. ...

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  • T he impetus to produce this book came in a brief phone call in 1998. Chuck Crumly, of Academic Press, called with an invitation and a deadline. Either The Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs, published in 1991, would be allowed to lapse into out-of-print status, or I would agree to produce a second edition. Looking back on all the work, I suspect it might have been wiser to say, "Let her lapse." But I didn't.

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  • Genetic diversity is the fundamental source of biodiversity. In 1989, the World Wildlife Fund defined biodiversity as “the richness of life on Earth – millions of plants, animals and microorganisms, including the genes which they carry, and complex ecosystems that create the environment”. Currently, the issue of maintaining genetic diversity as a component of the conservation of biodiversity has been accepted at an international level. FAO has included the issue of conservation, evaluation, and the use of animal genetic resources in its fields of interest since the 1970s.

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  • Natural and social scientists face a great challenge in the coming decades: to understand the role that humans play in ecosystems, particularly urban ecosystems. Cities and urbanizing regions are complex coupled humannatural systems in which people are the dominant agents. As humans transform natural landscapes into highly human-dominated environments, they create a new set of ecological conditions by changing ecosystem processes and dynamics.

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  • This book is for anyone interested in the consequences of disturbance. What happens after the lava cools, or when the muddy floodwaters recede or an old road is abandoned? Primary succession is the process of ecosystem development on barren surfaces where severe disturbances have removed most vestiges of biological activity. It includes the development of complex systems from simple biotic and abiotic (non-biological) components. Primary succession starts when plants, animals and microbes colonize new surfaces. The process is influenced by local conditions, context and site history.

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  • The SNA defines basic units as legal entities entitled with complete capacity of taking any economic decision regarding production, consumption, investment, acquisition of financial assets or liabilities, etc. These 'institutional units' are typically enterprises, central or local government institutions or households. Regarding production analysis, the SNA chooses smaller units which are better correlated to particular products or groups of products, or more homogenous. They are called 'establishments'.

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  • Due to this very detrimental environmental hazard experienced during this period by Zanzibar islands, with very sensitive and fragile ecosystem the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in collaboration with WHO decided to develop these official and very comprehensive guidelines based on the National Drug Policy, WHO guidelines and the Zanzibar Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act No 2/2006. Therefore these guidelines give appropriate measures of safe disposal to minimize the risks that could happen due to pharmaceutical waste. ...

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  • Water is essential for life – for health – for human dignity – and for well‑functioning ecosystems. One billion people cannot get clean drinking water and 2.5 billion lack access to basic sanitation. Polluted water and poor sanitation cause 1.5 million preventable child deaths per year. It is the biggest source of child mortality along with malaria and malnutrition. According to the World Health Organisation, investing USD 1 in water and sanitation saves USD 4‑12 in avoided health care costs alone. Good water management is a longstanding policy challenge.

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  • There is a large, complex and dynamic set of linkages between agriculture and water. Irrigated agriculture makes a substantial contribution to the growth in agricultural production across many countries. Yet, agriculture can have significant impacts (both positive and negative) on water ecosystems, and both agriculture and water are becoming increasingly vulnerable to climate change. In most OECD countries, agriculture is the major consumer of water and a significant source of diffuse water pollution.

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