Complex phenomena

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  • Though Birkhoff’s model does include important components of aesthetics, it does not provide for emotional reactions from interpretation. Birkhoff himself made reference to this, when he pointed out that certain polygons might have associations not accounted for in M that could influence judgement. For example, a cross-shaped polygon may have “positive connotative associations1 .” Later, Berlyne incorporated meaning, as well as complexity and order (or the related property, balance) in the model described next....

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  • Dominance links were introduced in grammars to model long distance scrambling phenomena, motivating the definition of multiset-valued linear indexed grammars (MLIGs) by Rambow (1994b), and inspiring quite a few recent formalisms. It turns out that MLIGs have since been rediscovered and reused in a variety of contexts, and that the complexity of their emptiness problem has become the key to several open questions in computer science.

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  • The impact of macroeconomics on daily life is less tangible than that of microeconomics. Everyone has to deal with rising supermarket prices, fluctuations in the labor market, and other microeconomic problems. Only a handful of policymakers and government officials really need to worry about fiscal and monetary policy, or about a country’s overall competitiveness.

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  • The first edition of Handbook of MRI Technique was a resounding success. The rapidly increasing number of radiographers and technologists entering the modality, coupled with the development of education and training courses worldwide, has resulted in an increased demand for MRI books of any shape and size. The education of radiographers, technologists and radiologists often lags behind the rapid technological advances in MR.

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  • The key QO staff listed above has the authority to identify quality problems and to recommend, provide, and verify implementation of solutions. If there is evidence that the QMP is not being followed, all QO staff have the authority to stop work until the appropriate quality procedures are implemented. For the QO to stop work, the DQAM or CQAM must notify the Executive Committee and WSDOT verbally, followed by written notice within 24 hours. The notification shall identify the reason for stopping the work.

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  • Specific writing prompts administered during testing are developed with the assistance of external prompt writers who are recruited on the basis of their expertise and to reflect the diversity of the populations served by the ACT. ACT prompt writers are male and female educators from both high schools and colleges, and they represent a variety of geographical regions, racial and ethnic backgrounds, and educational philosophies.

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  • Since the introduction of recombinant human growth hormone and insulin a quarter century ago, protein therapeutics has greatly broadened the horizon of health care. Many patients suffering with life-threatening diseases or chronic dysfunctions,whichweremedically untreatable not long ago, can attest to the wonder these drugs have achieved. Although the first generation of protein therapeutics was produced in recombinant Escherichia coli, most recent products usemammalian cells as production hosts.Not long after the first production of recombinant proteins in E.

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  • The need for more rigorous and systematic research in public administration has grown as the complexity of problems in government and nonprofit organizations has increased. This book describes and explains the use of research methods that will strengthen the research efforts of those solving government and nonprofit problems. This book is aimed primarily at those studying research methods in masters and doctoral level courses in curricula that concern the public and nonprofit sector.

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  • The scientist Jean Marey completed the first working model of a film camera in 1888 in Paris. That year, Edison visited Marey and watched his films. In 1891, Edison filed an American patent for a film camera, which had a different moving mechanism than the Marey camera. In 1890, the Englishman Friese Green presented a working camera to a group of enthusiasts. In 1893 the Frenchman Georges Demeney filed a patent for a camera. Finally, the Lumière brothers filed a patent for their type of camera and for projection in February 1895. In December of that year they gave the...

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  • A fund’s inventory of risks may be grouped or organized in different ways. One approach is to consider risks within two broad categories—investment risk and business operational risk. A board’s focus, though, should be on the key risks to the funds, and not on each discrete risk that exists. Investment risk is, in absolute terms, the risk of incurring any loss in the portfolio in pursuit of investment return, or, in relative terms, the risk of incurring losses greater than, or of earning gains less than, those of a benchmark index or alternative investment.

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  • A pre-course questionnaire shows that many of the students who enrolled in this elective class are eager to improve their overall English ability, especially listening and speaking, and some of them are planning to study abroad in the near future. Furthermore, according to the questionnaire, many of the students expressed their preference of learning listening to reading and writing, though they acknowledged listening is the skill most difficult to master.

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  • Since many social businesses are also SMEs, measures that facilitate access to finance for SMEs could also help social businesses. In this context, of notable importance are the support and regulatory frameworks for venture capital, in particular the steps to be taken to develop a EU passport for Venture Capital funds. The extent to which work on establishing such a passport might aid social businesses is central in considering the effectiveness and efficiency of the options identified in this impact assessment.

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  • Exploring macro view on mutual fund growth as deposit substitution or as an alternative investment, information on deposit amount and deposit rates are drawn from Bank of Thailand website. Assessing growth determinants based on market benchmark, Stock market index is obtained from Stock Exchange of Thailand. Superior fund performance due to outstanding securities selection skills of fund managers come with higher price or higher management fees (Nazir and Nawaz (2010), Livingston and O’Neal (1998), and O’Neal (1999)).

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  • Amy already had a degree in hospitality management and was well established in the industry. But she chose to do an MBA because she wanted to ensure she runs her training company Serve It Up, to its full potential and she can offer executive level consultancy services to her clients. Currently, Amy has a five month consultancy contract to open a new restaurant, undertaking all business set-up activities. ‘The MBA has provided me with the skills and knowledge required to undertake these activities effectively,’ she says.

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  • Over $4 trillion is currently managed by equity mutual funds in the U.S., with roughly 90 percent invested in actively managed accounts. These mutual funds hold over 25 percent of the outstanding equity value of the average U.S. common stock. This high level of ownership makes it very unlikely that the equity fund industry as a whole is able to outperform the market by a large margin. However, several recent papers show some evidence of manager skills among subgroups of funds (see, for example, Gruber (1996)).

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  • Aesthetic feelings are distinguished from sensory feelings, now, by the fact that the former are related to the content of a presentation, the latter to the act itself. 21 Thus sensory feelings, but not aesthetic feelings, are directly sensitive to the quality and intensity of the act, and all sensations are, above a certain intensity, painful. Further, the sensory feeling disappears or is at least reduced to an almost unnoticeable intensity in the passage from sensation (perception) to a reproduced presentation in memory. ...

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  • Your business, like all others, has formal and informal policies, practices, and procedures that keep it running smoothly. However, sometimes your policies or procedures can inadvertently make it difficult or impossible for a customer with a disability to access your goods and services. That is why the ADA requires businesses to make “reasonable modifications” to their usual ways of doing things when serving people with disabilities. Most modifications involve only minor adjustments in policies.

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  • The staff meeting is just coming to an end and there’s been a lively debate on the school’s system for end-of-course assessment. A lot of the teachers are unhappy with the present tests because they find them too grammar based and this doesn’t fit with the kind of communicative teaching that is used in class. However no one has any clear ideas about exactly what kind of system to replace it with… So, it’s been decided to appoint a project group to make proposals.

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  • The variety of brands and descriptions of what constitutes a brand creates opportunities for auto theft and fraud. Differences in title branding laws make it easier to sell stolen vehicles through title washing and VIN cloning. The practice of moving a salvage-branded vehicle to a state that requires different title brands or definitions to obtain a clear title is referred to as “title washing.” A person in one state, for example, repairs a damaged and salvage-branded vehicle, then moves it to another state to obtain an unbranded title.

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  • The theme of this talk is that we live in a time of extreme change. It is an exciting time; essentially everything all design assump- tions are being re-evaluated. There are research challenges eve- rywhere. There are no small challenges in this list of revolutions. Yet, I think our biggest challenge is a unification of approximate and exact reasoning. Most of us come from the exact-reasoning world—but most of our clients ...

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