(BQ) Part 2 book "Textbook of diabetes" presents the following contents: Microvascular complications in diabetes, macrovascular complications in diabetes, other complications of diabetes, diabetes in special groups, delivery and organization of diabetes care, future directions.
Diabetes mellitus is a complex, progressive disease, which is accompanied by multiple complications. It is a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system and listed among the most common disorders in both developed and developing countries. It has a global metabolic epidemic and it is estimated that the number of people affected by the disease will rise from the current 150 to 230 million by 2025. Hyperglycaemia is a characteristic feature of diabetes mellitus and chronic hyperglycaemia could lead to long-term complications in the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and blood vessels.
The therapeutic fields where stratified medicine is expected to take off first are oncology,
secondary complications of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases.
Though, the development of stratified medicine is largely dependant of the identification and the
qualification of pertinent biomarkers in these areas. Regrettably, only a few studies on
biomarkers have proved to be sufficiently powered to detect differences among genetic variants
and/or the function of gene products.
(BQ)Ebook Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications is anticipated that this group will expand as causes of Type 2 become known. Stages range from normoglycaemia to insulin required for survival. It is hoped that the new classification will allow better classification of individuals and lead to fewer therapeutic misjudgements.
Any republication, referencing or personal use of the work must explicitly identify the original source. Notice Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual contributors and not necessarily those of the editors or publisher.
Diabetes-related cardiovascular complications often cause premature mortality,
as well as disabilities such as blindness, foot ulceration and amputation.
The health care and social care costs of managing these complications are
enormous, but new treatments, devices and clinical management protocols
are steadily improving the longer term outcomes for people with diabetes.
This second edition has been revised and updated to reflect state of the art
We appear to be on the threshold of witnessing a substantial reduction in the longterm
complications of diabetes. Modern treatment regimens, better monitoring of
control and the huge impact of improved education all combine to offer the
prospect of real progress towards prevention of complications and lessening of
progression in those in whom complications may be present. The Diabetes Control
and Complications Trial (DCCT) has provided eveidence that such can be
achieved, while the St Vincent Declaration initiative has set the standards to
enable these benefits to become reality....
The fundamental treatment and management goals in diabetes mellitus are to control and normalize blood glucose levels and to prevent diabetic complications. It also includes maintaining normal growth and development and normal body weight. Proper diet, regular exercise, weight control and different therapeutic agents are the mainstays of diabetic care and management. Weight reduction and exercise have been shown to improve tissue sensitivity to insulin and allow its proper use by target tissues.
The aspirator should be aware of the pertinent history and clinical information, significant
radiological studies and the clinical question that FNAB may answer. The procedure as well as the
minor complications of bruising and bleeding should be explained to the patient. Site-specific
complications for deep needle aspiration biopsy should be described to the patient if image guided
FNAB is performed. Informed consent should be obtained from the patient, guardian or legal
More than 19 million Americans have diabetes—a condition that
can produce life-threatening complications. Of the two major
forms of diabetes—type 1 and type 2—type 2 comprises 90 to 95 percent
of all cases in the United States. An additional 13 million people
have the precursor to type 2 diabetes, called prediabetes. Worldwide,
type 2 diabetes affects more than 190 million people, and some experts
predict that if the current trends continue that figure could surge to
over 300 million by the year 2025....
The Charcot foot commonly goes unrecognized, particularly in the acute phase, until severe complications
occur. Early recognition and diagnosis, immediate immobilization and a lifelong program of preventive care
can minimize the morbidity associated with this potentially devastating complication of diabetic neuropathy.
If unrecognized or improperly managed, the Charcot foot can have disastrous consequences, including
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí hóa học đề tài : Prevalence of chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatients - a cross-sectional hospital based survey in urban China
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Prevalence of chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in outpatients - a cross-sectional hospital based survey in urban China
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease all over the world and its frequency is steadily
increasing. The availability of a wide variety of treatment options results in improvement
or even normalization of hyperglycemia as well as of the accompanying metabolic
disorders. However people with diabetes continue to suffer from the complications of
Diabetic foot-related problems occur frequently and may have serious consequences.
Amputations at different anatomical levels are the most serious of them....
Diabetes mellitus and its complications are clinical conditions of growing
importance both from the clinical as well as epidemiological standpoint. The
relevance of diabetes at clinical and individual level is given by its lifethreatening
acute complications and, especially, by its chronic complications
affecting several organs and systems, with increased risk for ocular, renal,
cardiac, cerebral, nervous and peripheral vascular diseases.
It has been almost a decade since the first edition of Clinical Management of Diabetic
Neuropathy was published. Since then, all societies have seen an explosion in obesity and
diabetes. As a result, there is also an explosion in long-term diabetes complications,
including diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy therefore remains a major health
problem that has not only serious consequences for the patient but also carries a significant
financial burden for the health care-providing organizations of every society....
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is growing at epidemic
proportions in the United States and worldwide (1). Most
alarming is the steady increase in type 2 diabetes, especially
among young and obese persons. An estimated 7% of
Americans are afflicted with diabetes, and with the longevity
of this population increasing, the prevalence of diabetesrelated
complications will continue to rise.
Foot disorders are a major source of morbidity and a leading
cause of hospitalization for persons with diabetes.
Mặt khác, một thiểu số nhỏ có thể có bệnh lý võng mạc nghiêm trọng chỉ sau 5-7 năm. Clustering của bệnh thận, ví dụ, đã được quan sát thấy trong một số gia đình và lịch sử cao huyết áp cần thiết trong một tương đối mức độ