Photo composition rules
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"If you, an artist, the one who cannot manage figures,
Rule of Thirds Golden Section rule Diagonal rule you look like an orator who cannot manage words." Leonardo da Vinci
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Photo composition rules What is a photograph? It is a story. What is a story? It is is a series of sentences connected to each other. The same is true about photography.
Due to their good mechanical characteristics in terms of stiffness and strength coupled with mass-saving advantage and other attractive physico-chemical properties, composite materials are successfully used in medicine and nanotechnology fields. To this end, the chapters composing the book have been divided into the following sections: medicine, dental and pharmaceutical applications; nanocomposites for energy efficiency; characterization and fabrication, all of which provide an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. ...
The sub-series Ternary Alloy Systems of the Landolt-Börnstein New Series provides reliable and
comprehensive descriptions of the materials constitution, based on critical intellectual evaluations of all
data available at the time and it critically weights the different findings, also with respect to their
compatibility with today’s edge binary phase diagrams. Selected are ternary systems of importance to
alloy development and systems which gained in the recent years otherwise scientific interest.
There are a large and increasing number of processes for making PMC parts. Many are not very labor-intensive and can make near-net shape components. For thermoplastic matrices reinforced with discontinuous fibers, one of the most widely used processes is injection molding. However, as discussed in Section 9.3, the stiffness and strength of resulting parts are relatively low. This section focuses on processes for making composites with continuous fibers. Many PMC processes combine fibers and matrices directly.
This book contains chapters on nanocomposites for engineering hard materials for high performance aircraft, rocket and automobile use, using laser pulses to form metal coatings on glass and quartz, and also tungsten carbide-cobalt nanoparticles using high voltage discharges. A major section of this book is largely devoted to chapters outlining and applying analytic methods needed for studies of nanocomposites. As such, this book will serve as good resource for such analytic methods.
This book pilots the reader into the future. The first three chapters introduce new materials and material processing methods. Then five chapters present innovative new design directions and solutions. The main section of the book contains ten chapters organized around problems and methods of manufacturing and technology, from cutting process optimisation through maintenance and control to the Digital Factory. The last two chapters deal with information and energy, as the foundations of a prospering economy....
Steel–Concrete Composite Box Girder Bridges
13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 Introduction Typical Sections General Design Principles Flexural Resistance Shear Resistance Stiffeners, Bracings, and Diaphragms
Stiffeners • Top Lateral Bracings • Internal Diaphragms and Cross Frames
California Department of Transportation
California Department of Transportation
Fatigue and Fracture • Torsion • Constructability • Serviceability
This book explores four overlapping themes in biogeography among multiple plant
and animal groups, across subcontinental to global spatial scales, and over
evolutionary time. These four themes include: 1) biogeographic theory and tests of
concepts and processes; 2) the regional biogeography of individual taxa; 3) historical
and contemporary biogeography of complex landscapes; and 4) the evolutionary
biogeography of macrotaxa.
In the first chapter of the conceptual biogeography section, Khalid Al Mutairi et al.
Reporting that rare
species are more abundant on larger islands, they make the case for greater
conservation efforts on larger islands. In the next chapter, Hugo Mejía-Madrid
evaluates the roles of heterochrony and ecological fitting in the evolution of helminth
fish parasites. Contrary to expectations, helminth speciation lags substantially behind
that of their hosts, tending to occur in pulses associated with continent jumps among
hosts. Next in this section, Toshiharu Mita et al.
Each section includes chapters with interesting topics.
Authors spread around the world have been resolved so we are delighted that this book represents
research in promising high.
Material properties are described in more creative ways for the standard components
or biological materials and sources of natural materials. Commonly used materials such as glass,
carbon, epoxy resin, concrete, ... described the characteristics improve or
construction work. Waste materials use and recycling is the next step and it is a
important way how to save resources and our environment....
The book “Holograms –Recording Materials and Applications” comprises five sections.
The first section has eight chapters on holographic recording materials including ionic
liquids in photopolymerisable materials (Chapter 1), Norland optical adhesive 65® as
holographic material (Chapter 2), porous glass and polymer nanocomposite (Chapter 3),
amorphous chalcogenide films (Chaper 4), azo-dye containing materials (Chapter 5 and
6) and photochromic materials (Chapter 7 and 8). The remaining four sections are
dedicated to a variety of holographic applications....
Diuretics increase the rate of urine flow and sodium excretion and are used to adjust the volume
and/or composition of body fluids in a variety of clinical situations, including hypertension, heart
failure, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, and cirrhosis. The objective of this chapter is to provide
the reader with unifying concepts as to how the kidney operates and how diuretics modify renal
function. The chapter begins with a description of renal anatomy and physiology, as this
information is prerequisite to a discussion of diuretic pharmacology....
Improve performance by creating a clustered index: A clustered index physically
orders the data in a table based on a single or composite column. The records stored
in a table without a clustered index are not in a specific physical order. Whenever
you need to query the column or columns used for the clustered index, SQL Server
helps you sequentially read the data in a clustered index an extent (8 data pages, or
64K) at a time. This makes it easy for the disk subsystem to read the data quickly
from disk, especially if there is a lot of data to be retrieved....
The current book contains twenty-two chapters and is divided into three sections. Section I consists of nine chapters which discuss synthesis through innovative as well as modified conventional techniques of certain advanced ceramics (e.g. target materials, high strength porous ceramics, optical and thermo-luminescent ceramics, ceramic powders and fibers) and their characterization using a combination of well known and advanced techniques.
Neither source of performance is particularly
correlated with the four Fama-French benchmarks, indicating that the private skills
identiﬁed by these predictability-based strategies are based on characteristics of funds that
are heretofore undocumented by the mutual fund literature.
The remainder of this paper proceeds as follows. Section 2 sets forth an econometric
framework for studying investments in mutual funds when business cycle variables may
predict future returns. Section 3 describes the data used in the empirical analysis, and
Section 4 presents the ﬁndings.
The following sections provide an overview of the technical and qualitative
characteristics of a wide range of alternative fuels that can replace coal in cement kilns.
These fuels include agricultural and non-agricultural biomass, chemical and hazardous
wastes, petroleum-based wastes, and miscellaneous waste fuels. Each of these
alternatives are described in detail, including a discussion of average substitution rates,
energy and water content of the fuels, carbon dioxide emissions factors, and change in
carbon emissions per ton1
of coal replacement.
This paper reviews these issues and discusses policies that can help further develop India’s
debt market. Section II highlights and compares market development and outlook to emerging
East Asian economies. Sections III and IV summarize salient characteristics, reforms and
obstacles. Section V discusses the development and prospects for India’s securitization market.
Section VI looks at the main market participants and the depth of the pool of available investors,
arguably the most significant factor in market development. Section VII tackles policy issues.
Excluded from the deﬁ nition of “swap dealer” are
entities entering into swaps for their own account and
“not as part of a regular business.”16 Accordingly, it is
likely that many private funds would be excluded from
the deﬁ nition, in the same way that private funds are
generally considered to be “traders” and not “dealers”
under Section 3(a)(5) of the Exchange Act because they
buy and sell securities for their own account and not as
part of a regular business. Additionally, a person or entity
that engages in a de minimis quantity of swap dealing is
Clearly, a straightforward implication of wages being determined by sectoral
conditions would be that industry-level contracts oﬀer little scope for adjustments of
individual wages to ﬁrm-speciﬁc demand shocks, even if the latter are of permanent
nature. However, as demonstrated in Section 2.2, industry-level contracts do not
necessarily provide an obstacle to the adjustment of wages to local conditions, as
recent decentralisation tendencies in Germany have introduced the option of making
such wage adjustments.
A cross-sectional community based study was
conducted in two different groups of elderly population
(60 year and above) in Dibrugarh District of Assam, India
during the study period from 2002 to 2003. The study
comprised of 523 geriatric persons from both the settings.
The first group consisted of 293 (male - 181 and female
- 112) elderly persons from an urban setting among a
population of about 1.3 lakhs. Four wards and two
adjoining localities were selected randomly for the study.