In most cases, the independence date for each country (reported in Appendix Table 2)
provided the relevant benchmark for our data collection efforts. In some cases, such as
Finland, Dominica, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Norway, Slovakia, and
Zimbabwe, debt data were available for a few years in advance of independence years and
appeared consistent with the trend in later years. These data were retained. Similarly, data
were also available and included for Austria-Hungary (reported under Austria) and
Czechoslovakia (reported under Czech Republic).