Nowadays it is difficult to imagine an area of knowledge that can continue developing
without the use of computers and informatics. It is not different with biology, that has
seen an unpredictable growth in recent decades, with the rise of a new discipline,
bioinformatics, bringing together molecular biology, biotechnology and information
Applied Behavior Analysis for TeachersWe prepared the first edition of Applied Behavior Analysis for Teachers over 20 years
ago because we needed a technically sound, systematically organized, and readable
text for our own students. We want students to understand concepts of applied behavior
analysis and also to know how to apply those concepts in classrooms and other settings.
Applied behavior analysis can make a difference; its principles can be used to
teach academic skills, functional skills, and appropriate social behavior.
This second edition presents new chapters on (a) the utilization of mutants as highresolution
nanosensors of short-living protein structures and protein nanophysics
(Chap. 11) and (b) the recently developed method of evolutionary computer
programming (Chap. 12), respectively. In the latter method, computer programs
evolve themselves towards a higher performance. In contrast to simple selflearning
programs, the code of the evolved program differs significantly from that
of the original "wild-type" program.
This is the standard textbook for courses on probability and statistics, not substantially updated. While helping students to develop their problem-solving skills, the author motivates students with practical applications from various areas of ECE that demonstrate the relevance of probability theory to engineering practice. Included are chapter overviews, summaries, checklists of important terms, annotated references, and a wide selection of fully worked-out real-world examples.
This book was developed by Professor S. Mostafa Ghiaasiaan during
10 years of teaching a graduate-level course on convection heat and
mass transfer. The book is ideal for a graduate course dealing with the-
ory and practice of convection heat and mass transfer. The book treats
well-established theory and practice on the one hand; on the other
hand, it is enriched by modern areas such as flow in microchannels and
computational fluid dynamics–based design and analysis methods. The
book is primarily concerned with convective heat transfer.
The goal of this book is to expose the reader to modern computational tools for
solving differential equation models that arise in chemical engineering, e.g.,
diffusion-reaction, mass-heat transfer, and fluid flow. The emphasis is placed
on the understanding and proper use of software packages. In each chapter we
outline numerical techniques that either illustrate a computational property of
interest or are the underlying methods of a computer package. At the close of
each chapter a survey of computer packages is accompanied by examples of
Fundamental scienti¯c discoveries have been made with the help of computational
methods. For instance, commonalities in the behavior of
chaotic systems, most prominently Feigenbaum universality, had not been
discovered or understood without computers. And only with numerical
computations is it possible to predict the mass of the proton so accurately
that fundamental theories of matter can be put to test. Such examples
highlight the enormous role of numerical calculations for basic science....
The first edition of the Shock and Vibration Handbook in 1961 brought together for
the first time a comprehensive survey of classical shock and vibration theory and
current applications of that theory to contemporary engineering practice. Edited by
Cyril M. Harris and the late Charles E. Crede, the book was translated into several
languages and became the standard reference work throughout the world.The Second
Edition appeared in 1976, the Third Edition in 1988, and the Fourth Edition in
As manufacturing technologies follow the
path from factory to home use, like personal computers, “personalized”
manufacturing tools will enable consumers, schools and businesses to work and play
in new ways. Emerging manufacturing technologies will usher in an industrial
“evolution” that combines the best of mass and artisan production models, and has
the potential to partially reverse the trend to outsourcing.
Many mechanical engineering companies, especially those in industrialized nations, have begun to incorporate computer-aided engineering (CAE) programs into their existing design and analysis processes, including 2D and 3D solid modeling computer-aided design (CAD). This method has many benefits, including easier and more exhaustive visualization of products, the ability to create virtual assemblies of parts, and the ease of use in designing mating interfaces and tolerances.
In the fourth chapter of this section, the authors present a modification of the Crank-
Nicholson scheme for two-dimensional fluid mechanical, heat and mass transfer
problems. The modification divides the nodal points into groups of four. The method
is applicable to parallel computing, which is increasing in importance as problems
become more computationally intensive. Computational experiments demonstrate
improved convergence rates over previous methods.
Computational synthetic biology has borrowed methods, concepts, and techniques from systems biology
and electrical engineering. Features of tools for the analysis of biochemical networks and the design of electric
circuits have been combined to develop new software, where Standard Biological Parts (physically stored
at the MIT Registry) have a mathematical description, based on mass action or Hill kinetics, and can be
assembled into genetic networks in a visual, “drag & drop” fashion.