We propose a computational model of text reuse tailored for ancient literary texts, available to us often only in small and noisy samples. The model takes into account source alternation patterns, so as to be able to align even sentences with low surface similarity. We demonstrate its ability to characterize text reuse in the Greek New Testament.
In this paper, I describe how Donnellan's distinction between referential and attributive uses of definite descriptions should be represented in a computational model of reference. After briefly discussing the significance of Donnellan's distinction, I reinterpret it as being three-tiered, relating to object representation, referring intentions, and choice of rehrring expression. I then present a cognitive model of referring, the components of which correspond to this analysis, and discuss the interaction that takes place among those components.
This book is about how to construct and use computational models of specific
parts of the nervous system, such as a neuron, a part of a neuron or a
network of neurons. It is designed to be read by people from a wide range of
backgrounds from the biological, physical and computational sciences. The
word ‘model’ can mean different things in different disciplines, and even researchers
in the same field may disagree on the nuances of its meaning.
While computational estimation of difficulty of words in the lexicon is useful in many educational and assessment applications, the concept of scalar word difficulty and current corpus-based methods for its estimation are inadequate. We propose a new paradigm called word meaning maturity which tracks the degree of knowledge of each word at different stages of language learning. We present a computational algorithm for estimating word maturity, based on modeling language acquisition with Latent Semantic Analysis. ...
The view that communication is a form of action serving a variety of specific functions has had a tremendous impact on the philosophy of language and on computational linguistics. Yet, this mode of analysis has been applied to only a narrow range of exchanges (e.g. those whose primary purpose is transferring information or coordinating tasks) while exchanges meant to manage interpersonal relationships, maintain ufacen, or simply to convey thanks, sympathy, and so on have been largely ignored. ...
The nature and amount of information needed for learning a natural language, and the underlying mechanisms involved in this process, are the subject of much debate: is it possible to learn a language from usage data only, or some sort of innate knowledge and/or bias is needed to boost the process? This is a topic of interest to (psycho)linguists who study human language acquisition, as well as computational linguists who develop the knowledge sources necessary for largescale natural language processing systems. ...
The paper presents a new model for contextdependent interpretation of linguistic expressions about spatial proximity between objects in a natural scene. The paper discusses novel psycholinguistic experimental data that tests and veriﬁes the model. The model has been implemented, and enables a conversational robot to identify objects in a scene through topological spatial relations (e.g. “X near Y”). The model can help motivate the choice between topological and projective prepositions.
An investment of effort over the last two years has begun to produce a wealth of data concerning computational psycholinguistic models of syntax acquisition. The data is generated by running simulations on a recently completed database of word order patterns from over 3,000 abstract languages. This article presents the design of the database which contains sentence patterns, grammars and derivations that can be used to test acquisition models from widely divergent paradigms.
Solid modeling (or modelling) is a consistent set of principles for mathematical and computer modeling of three dimensional solids. Solid modeling is distinguished from related areas of Geometric modeling and Computer graphics by its emphasis on physical fidelity . Together, the principles of geometric and solid modeling form the foundation of Computer-aided design and in general support the creation, exchange, visualization, animation, interrogation, and annotation of digital models of physical objects....
Geoinformatics is the science and technology of gathering, analyzing, interpreting, distributing, and using geospatial information. It encompasses a broad range of disciplines brought together to create a detailed but understandable picture of the physical world and our place in it.
The Handbook of Research on Geoinformatics is the first reference work to map this exciting interdisciplinary field, discussing the complete range of contemporary research topics such as computer modeling, geometry, geoprocessing, and geographic information systems.
The content of this book covers several up-to-date topics in fluid dynamics, computational modeling and its applications, and it is intended to serve as a general reference for scientists, engineers, and graduate students. The book is comprised of 30 chapters divided into 5 parts, which include: winds, building and risk prevention; multiphase flow, structures and gases; heat transfer, combustion and energy; medical and biomechanical applications; and other important themes.
The new monograph ‘‘Mathematical Modeling in Mechanics of Granular Mate-
rials’’ written by Oxana & Vladimir Sadovskii is based on a previous Russian
version published in 2008. The Russian version was significantly revised and
extended. The References were updated with respect to the readers not being
familiar with the Russian language. Instead of eight chapters of the Russian ori-
ginal version there are now ten chapters—a new chapter devoted to continua with
independent rotational degrees of freedom is added....
Modelling methods are now well established in physical, biomedical and engineering sciences; and are widely used in assisting the interpretation of experimental data and increasingly in a predictive mode. Applications to inorganic materials are widespread, and indeed, such methods now play a major role in modelling structures, properties and reactivities of these materials.
This paper reports the on-going research of a thesis project investigating a computational model of early language acquisition. The model discovers word-like units from crossmodal input data and builds continuously evolving internal representations within a cognitive model of memory. Current cognitive theories suggest that young infants employ general statistical mechanisms that exploit the statistical regularities within their environment to acquire language skills.
This innovative text presents computer programming as a unified discipline in a way that is both practical and scientifically sound. The book focuses on techniques of lasting value and explains them precisely in terms of a simple abstract machine. The book presents all major programming paradigms in a uniform framework that shows their deep relationships and how and where to use them together.After an introduction to programming concepts, the book presents both well-known and lesser-known computation models ("programming paradigms"). ...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Computational models in plant-pathogen interactions: the case of Phytophthora infestans...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: " A computational model for functional mapping of genes that regulate intra-cellular circadian rhythms
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Diagnostic Markers based on a Computational Model of Lipoprotein Metabolism...
A parallel computing model for the numerical solution of the general 20 shallow water equations in conservative form has been developed, tested and implemented in the MPI parallel environment set up on a parallel computer with four 2.8 GHz CPUs in Institute of Mechanics, VAST. The model is based on a Godunov-type numerical scheme, which is devised for 20 unstructured computational meshes, and on a domain decomposition technique.