The purpose of the TOEFL test is to evaluate the English proficiency
of people whose native language is not English. In 2003-04, more
than 720,000 people registered to take the test.
TOEFL scores are accepted by more than 5,000 colleges, universities,
and licensing agencies in 90 countries.
The test is offered in three formats: computer-based, paper-based,
and beginning in September 2005, Internet-based. The computerbased
test is offered in most parts of the world. In areas where access
to the computer-based test may be limited, the paper-based version of
the test is administered.
This series is directed to Healthcare professionals who are leading the transformation
of health care by using information and knowledge. Historically, the series was
launched in 1988 as Computers in Health Care, to offer a broad range of titles:
some addressed to specific professions such as nursing, medicine, and health
administration; others to special areas of practice such as trauma and radiology; still
other books in the series focused on interdisciplinary issues, such as the computerbased
patient record, electronic health records, and networked Healthcare systems.
The speech synthesis group at the ComputerBased Education Research Laboratory (CERL) of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champalgn is developing a diphone speech synthesis system based on pltch-adaptive short-tlme Fourier transforms. This system accepts the phonemic specification of an utterance along with pitch, time, and amplitude warping functions in order to produce high quality speech output from stored dlphone templates.