Cloud Computing: Implementation, Management, and Security provides an understanding of what cloud computing really means, explores how disruptive it may become in the future, and examines its advantages and disadvantages. It gives business executives the knowledge necessary to make informed, educated decisions regarding cloud initiatives.
The authors first discuss the evolution of computing from a historical perspective, focusing primarily on advances that led to the development of cloud computing.
As computer networks become cheaper and more powerful, a new computing paradigm is poised to transform the practice of science and engineering. Driven by increasingly complex problems and propelled by increasingly powerful technology, today’s science is as much based on computation, data analysis, and collaboration as on the efforts of individual experimentalists and theorists. But even as computer power, data storage, and communication continue to improve exponentially, computational resources are failing to keep up with what scientists demand of them....
Computer systems are undergoing a revolution. From 1945, when the modem
c;omputerera began, until about 1985, computers were large and expensive. Even
minicomputers cost at least tens of thousands of dollars each. As a result, most
organizations had only a handful of computers, and for lack of a way to connect
them, these operated independently from one another.
Starting around the the mid-1980s, however, two advances in technology
began to change that situation. The first was the development of powerful microprocessors....
Virtually every computing system today is part of a distributed system. Programmers, developers, and engineers need to understand the underlying principles and paradigms as well as the real-world application of those principles. Now, internationally renowned expert Andrew S. Tanenbaum – with colleague Martin van Steen – presents a complete introduction that identifies the seven key principles of distributed systems, with extensive examples of each. Adds a completely new chapter on architecture to address the principle of organizing distributed systems.
The computing world today is in the middle of a revolution: mobile clients and cloud computing have emerged as the dominant paradigms driving programming and hardware innovation today. The Fifth Edition of Computer Architecture focuses on this dramatic shift, exploring the ways in which software and technology in the cloud are accessed by cell phones, tablets, laptops, and other mobile computing devices. Each chapter includes two real-world examples, one mobile and one datacenter, to illustrate this revolutionary change....
We believe that learning in computer science and engineering should reflect the
current state of the field, as well as introduce the principles that are shaping computing.
We also feel that readers in every specialty of computing need to appreciate
the organizational paradigms that determine the capabilities, performance, and,
ultimately, the success of computer systems.
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This Note presents the prospectus for The Institute for Interactive Information Environments (IIIE), a research consortium to be established by RAND. The mission of the IIIE is to improve understanding of the implementation of advanced information technology in organizational settings. Its research agenda includes three areas: (1) development of an implementation paradigm; (2) identification of im......
This innovative text presents computer programming as a unified discipline in a way that is both practical and scientifically sound. The book focuses on techniques of lasting value and explains them precisely in terms of a simple abstract machine. The book presents all major programming paradigms in a uniform framework that shows their deep relationships and how and where to use them together.After an introduction to programming concepts, the book presents both well-known and lesser-known computation models ("programming paradigms"). ...
Most, if not all, Computational Grid resource allocation and scheduling research espouses one of two paradigms: centralized omnipotent resource control [1–4] or localized application control [5–8]. The ﬁrst is not a scalable solution either in terms of execution efﬁciency (the resource broker or scheduler becomes a bottleneck) or fault resilience (the allocation mechanism is a single point of failure). On the other hand, the second approach can lead to unstable resource assignments as ‘Grid-aware’ applications adapt to compete for resources....
Event related potentials (ERP) corresponding to stimuli in electroencephalography (EEG) can be used to detect the intent of a person for brain computer interfaces (BCI). This paradigm is widely used to build letter-byletter text input systems using BCI. Nevertheless using a BCI-typewriter depending only on EEG responses will not be sufﬁciently accurate for single-trial operation in general, and existing systems utilize many-trial schemes to achieve accuracy at the cost of speed.
Morphological lexica are often implemented on top of morphological paradigms, corresponding to different ways of building the full inﬂection table of a word. Computationally precise lexica may use hundreds of paradigms, and it can be hard for a lexicographer to choose among them. To automate this task, this paper introduces the notion of a smart paradigm. It is a metaparadigm, which inspects the base form and tries to infer which low-level paradigm applies. If the result is uncertain, more forms are given for discrimination.
German case syncretism is often assumed to be the accidental by-product of historical development. This paper contradicts this claim and argues that the evolution of German case is driven by the need to optimize the cognitive effort and memory required for processing and interpretation. This hypothesis is supported by a novel kind of computational experiments that reconstruct and compare attested variations of the German deﬁnite article paradigm.
While computational estimation of difficulty of words in the lexicon is useful in many educational and assessment applications, the concept of scalar word difficulty and current corpus-based methods for its estimation are inadequate. We propose a new paradigm called word meaning maturity which tracks the degree of knowledge of each word at different stages of language learning. We present a computational algorithm for estimating word maturity, based on modeling language acquisition with Latent Semantic Analysis. ...
Allan BORRA Software Technology Department De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines email@example.com languages spoken in Southern Philippines. But as of yet, extensive research has already been done on theoretical linguistics and little is known for computational linguistics. In fact, the computational linguistics researches on Philippine languages are mainly focused on Tagalog.1 There are also notable work done on Ilocano.
In this paper, we address the issue of syntagmatic expressions from a computational lexical semantic perspective. From a representational viewpoint, we argue for a hybrid approach combining linguistic and conceptual paradigms, in order to account for the continuum we find in natural languages from free combining words to frozen expressions. In particular, we focus on the place of lexical and semantic restricted co-occurrences.
This paper is focused on one aspect of SOPMI, an unsupervised approach to sentiment vocabulary acquisition proposed by Turney (Turney and Littman, 2003). The method, originally applied and evaluated for English, is often used in bootstrapping sentiment lexicons for European languages where no such resources typically exist. In general, SO-PMI values are computed from word co-occurrence frequencies in the neighbourhoods of two small sets of paradigm words. The goal of this work is to investigate how lexeme selection affects the quality of obtained sentiment estimations. ...
An investment of effort over the last two years has begun to produce a wealth of data concerning computational psycholinguistic models of syntax acquisition. The data is generated by running simulations on a recently completed database of word order patterns from over 3,000 abstract languages. This article presents the design of the database which contains sentence patterns, grammars and derivations that can be used to test acquisition models from widely divergent paradigms.
Computer Security: Chapter 5 - Security Paradigms and Pervasive Trust Paradigm provides about Old security paradigms (OSPs) (Failures of OSPs, Example of enhancing OSP), Defining new security paradigms (NSPs) (Challenges and requirements for NSPs, Review and examples of existing security paradigms, New Paradigm).