Chapter 1 introduction and conceptual modeling. To understand the fundamentals of database technology, however, we must start from the basics of traditional database applications. we start by defining a database, and then explaining other basic terms,...
Contents at a Glance
Part 1: Introduction to Analysis Services
1 Introduction to OLAP and Its Role in Business Intelligence
2 Multidimensional Space
3 Client/Server Architecture and Multidimensional Databases: An Overview
Part 2: Creating Multidimensional Models
4 Conceptual Data Model
5 Dimensions in the Conceptual Model
6 Cubes and Multidimensional Analysis
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Impact of chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) on health-related quality of life: a conceptual model starting with the patient perspective
This book presents the findings and recommendations of the evaluation of the World Bank's Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Pilot Program. It shows that SEA can contribute to improving development policy and sector reform by calling attention to environmental and social priorities, strengthening constituencies, enhancing policy capacities, and improving social accountability. It also provides guidance for undertaking SEA in policy and sector reform.
This book is compiled to provide the reader a critical appreciation of key tools of Lean and Six Sigma and their implementation into both manufacturing and service organizations through drawing upon the research findings of a range of specialist scholars (including academics and practitioners) who have either proposed a conceptual model of framework for Lean/Six Sigma or have empirically gathered an extensive range of new data from organizations in the manufacturing and service sectors across a number of countries.
The objective of the past work was to capture the main processes, both
biophysical and economic, to reproduce them in a virtual world similar to reality. There have been two stages. In a first step, the team tried to select relevant knowledge to set-up a first conceptual model. As an hydrological model was already developed (Hoanh, et al. 2001), the emphasis was put on the economic and social processes. The first idea was to work on the interactions between decisions making at different scales.
In July 2008 Microsoft released the first version of the ADO.NET Entity Framework as part of the Visual
Studio 2008 Service Pack 1 as well as the .NET Framework 3.5 Service Pack 1. At the time, Microsoft LINQ
(Language Integrated Query) and LINQ to SQL had been out for a while and were gaining a lot of
Using GIS to create descriptive models of the world
--representations of reality as it exists.
Using GIS to answer a question or test an hypothesis.
Often involves creating a new conceptual output layer, (or table or chart),
the values of which are some transformation of the values in the
descriptive input layer.
--e.g. buffer or slope or aspect layers
You have already learned that there are three phases of design ó conceptual,
logical, and physical ó in the MicrosoftÆ Solutions Framework (MSF) Process
Model. The first phase of the MSF Process Model is conceptual design.
Conceptual design starts during the Envisioning Phase of the MSF Process
Model, and continues through most of the Planning Phase. Since the MSF
Design Process is an evolutionary, as well as iterative, process, conceptual
design clearly sets the tone for both logical and physical design.
The term distance learning has different meanings to different people and populations.
By presenting international perspectives of distance learning, this book embraces all
those meanings and populations without giving preference to any. In todayʹs global
world where distance providers can address local learning needs, it is important for
distance learning practitioners and researchers as well as higher education
administrators and faculty to have a broad view of how distance learning is
conceptualized, planned and delivered....
It is intended that this book be suitable for a variety of engineers and ecologists, who
may wish to gain an introduction to the rapidly growing field of ecological and
environmental modelling. An understanding of the fundamentals of environmental
problems and ecology, as presented for instance in the textbook Principles of
Environmental Science and Technology is assumed. Furthermore, it is assumed that
the reader has either a fundamental knowledge of differential equations and matrix
calculations or has read the Appendix, which gives a brief introduction to these
Modeling Hydrologic Change: Statistical Methods is about modeling systems where
change has affected data that will be used to calibrate and test models of the systems
and where models will be used to forecast system responses after change occurs.
The focus is not on the hydrology. Instead, hydrology serves as the discipline from
which the applications are drawn to illustrate the principles of modeling and the
detection of change. All four elements of the modeling process are discussed:
conceptualization, formulation, calibration, and verification.
Programming technologies have improved continuously during the last decades
but, from an Information Systems perspective, some well-known problems associatedwith
the design and implementation of an Information Systems persist:Object-
Oriented Methods, Formal Specification Languages, Component-Based Software
Production,Aspect-OrientedApproaches.This is only a very short list of technologies
proposed to solve a very old and, at the same time, very well-known problem:
how to produce software of quality.
Consumer decision-making is defined as the behaviour patterns of consumers that precede, determine and follow the decision making process for the acquisition of need satisfying products, ideas or services (Du Plessis & Rousseau, 1999). During the consumer decision-making process, not only do consumers make decisions regarding which brand options to choose but they also decide what quantity of the good to purchase.
We develop and implement a framework in which prior views and empirical evidence
about pricing models and managerial skill can be incorporated formally into the invest-
ment decision. Our framework relies on a set of passive indexes or \assets," consisting of
nonbenchmark assets as well as the benchmark assets prescribed by a pricing model. A
common interpretation of alpha, the intercept in a regression of the fund's excess return on
the benchmarks, is that it represents the skill of the fund's manager in selecting mispriced
Critics of privatisation are often told they present no alternatives. This book takes up that challenge, proposing conceptual models for what constitutes an ‘alternative to privatisation’ and analyses what makes them successful (or not), backed up by empirical data on creative public
From a banking group’s perspective, a range of factors play a role in the choice of
branching versus subsidiarization, including banks’ business focus and differences in
regulatory and tax regimes across jurisdictions. Banks with significant wholesale operations
tend to prefer a more centralized branch model that provides the flexibility to manage
liquidity and credit risks globally and serve the needs of large clients.
Clearly, man-made projects are not new: monuments surviving from the earliest civilizations testify
to the incredible achievements of our forebears and still evoke our wonder and admiration. Modern
projects, for all their technological sophistication, are not necessarily greater in scale than some
of those early mammoth works.
Unlike other emerging markets, such as China, the Indian passenger car market and industry
has followed a pronounced small car path. The latest expression of this development is the
introduction of the low cost car Nano by TATA. While India’s small car path initially only
involved the production and sale of foreign designed small cars in the domestic market, India
is developing towards a global production and R&D hub for small cars. It is this development
this paper seeks to understand.
This paper addresses the task of handling unknown terms in SMT. We propose using source-language monolingual models and resources to paraphrase the source text prior to translation. We further present a conceptual extension to prior work by allowing translations of entailed texts rather than paraphrases only. A method for performing this process efﬁciently is presented and applied to some 2500 sentences with unknown terms. Our experiments show that the proposed approach substantially increases the number of properly translated texts. ...