Xem 1-20 trên 53 kết quả Conceptualizing health
  • It is remarkable to see the rapid increase in interest in the health of men since the mid-1980s. We have moved from a position where there was almost complete silence on the subject, an absence that was reflected not only in policy and clinical practice but also within the academic community, to this now being recognized as an area of major importance.

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  • This report on "Health Work in the Public Schools" is one of the 25 sections of the report of the Educational Survey of Cleveland conducted by the Survey Committee of the Cleveland Foundation in 1915. Twenty-three of these sections will be published as separate monographs. In addition there will be a larger volume giving a summary of the findings and recommendations relating to the regular work of the public schools, and a second similar volume giving the summary of those sections relating to industrial education.

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  • ‘Health Promotion’ is rapidly establishing itself as an important force within the ‘New Public Health’, itself an important feature of contemporary approaches to health and health care provision. Whilst debates have raged around definitions of health promotion and the differences between health promotion and health education, there has been little concern for the nature of the knowledge base being drawn upon by health promoters and researchers discussing such topics.

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  • Health care workers should explain the importance of directly observed treatment as a standard of care for all patients. The health worker must watch the patient swallow all the drugs. This will ensure that the patient takes the correct drugs regularly for the required time. If injections are needed, they will be given properly. For example, if the patient does not take all of the drugs, he or she will continue to spread TB to others, and his or her TB will not be cured. It is dangerous to stop or interrupt treatment, because then...

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  • Nevertheless, this report provides an overview of issues related to women’s health across the EU Member States also including EEA countries. It highlights gaps and special topics where research and more information are needed.

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  • Instrumental variables techniques are required to solve the possible endogeneity of household consumption. The most difficult task is to find a valid instrument for the regression above. The literature on demand systems typically uses income to instrument consumption. If preferences are separable between consumption and leisure, total consumption but not income is relevant to decide on the good shares. However, there are several reasons why household income might not be a valid instrument.

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  • In the recent past the interests of different groups concerned with health care have focused on the use of medical technologies—their impacts on safety, efficacy, and effectiveness; cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit; quality; and their social, legal, and ethical implications. The sum of these varied interests is the field of health care technology assessment. The Council on Health Care Technology was created to promote the development and application of technology assessment in health care and the review of health care technologies for their appropriate use.

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  • Creating economic development is connected to increasing productivity and investments in areas such as education, nutrition and health. Population momentum joined with declining fertility rates provides a unique chance to spur economic development as the work force increases and the dependency burden of society decreases. However, this requires policies that create jobs for the growing work force.

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  • The contributions to this edited collection are based on a number of the many papers first presented at the International Sociological Association conference on Professions in Transition, held in Leicester in April 1992. The original theme of the conference reflected the widespread view amongst academics that an accumulating range of changes occurring on an international scale necessitated a review of the professions.

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  • The United States has seen major advances in medical care over the past decades, but access to care at an affordable cost is not universal. Many Americans lack health care insurance of any kind, and many others with insurance are nonetheless exposed to financial risk because of high premiums, deductibles, co-pays, limits on insurance payments, and uncovered services. One might expect that the U.S. poverty measure would capture these financial effects and trends in them over time.

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  • Dr. Samuel Luoma has given us an excellent description and analysis of the science of silver and nanosilver. His paper raises many questions for policy makers. Its subtitle, “Old Problems or New Challenges,” is appropriate, because the subject of the paper is both. Metals are among the oldest of environmental problems. Lead, silver and mercury have posed health hazards for thousands of years, and they are as persistent in the environmental policy world as they are in the environment.

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  • This handbook is the product of a team effort. Jock Anderson, Howard Barnum, John Dixon, and Jee-Peng Tan contributed to the chapters on risk analysis, assessment of health projects, environmental externalities, and on the assessment of education projects, respectively, with valuable input on the latter from George Psacharopoulos. Rodrigo Archondo-Callao, Shantayanan Devarajan, Colin A. Gannon, Pablo Guerrero, Kenneth M. Gwilliam, Ian G. Heggie, David Hughart, Howard Jones, Ulrich Lachler, Julio Linares, Ricardo Martin, Roberto Mosse, A. Mead Over, David A.

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  • Solid waste management generates big challenges for society due to its large variability in production and composition, and because of its sanitary and environmental impacts. To contribute in facing this situation, this book includes a worldwide overview of experiences and conceptual and technical developments attained through research and development projects. In addition to minimizing generation, considered as the most desirable practice, it includes alternatives of valuation for potentially recoverable waste and strategies to reduce final conditioning and disposition risks.

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  • Over the next 10 years, federal spending on crop insurance is projected to outpace spending on traditional commodity programs by about one-third, which might capture the attention of budget cutters looking for potential sources of savings. Insurance companies, farm groups, and some members of Congress are concerned that additional reductions in federal support will negatively impact the financial health of the crop insurance industry and possibly jeopardize the delivery of crop insurance.

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  • The task for the Committee on Use of Dietary Reference Intakes in Nutrition Labeling, which I was privileged to chair, was to provide guidance to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), and Health Canada on how to use the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) to update the nutrient reference values used in nutrition labeling.

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  • World cocoa price has fallen by some 48% over the past three years, with direct impacts on the incomes, health and nutrition of cocoa producers and their family in the two major producing countries: Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, with some 41% and 22% of world output, respectively. The impact of the price drop has been far different in the two countries because of the greater age of plantations, market liberalisation, presence of free agents in the marketing channel, and much greater socio-political instability in one country: Côte d’Ivoire.

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  • We are rapidly approaching the end of two decades of publication of the Annual Review of Nursing Research (ARNR) series. This nineteenth volume follows a pattern established in the eighteenth, that is, the entire volume is devoted to one area of nursing research. In this nineteenth volume the focus is women's health. Drs. Diana Taylor and Nancy Woods, well-known scientists in women's health research, have served as volume editors. They selected the content as well as the authors; their editing created this comprehensive volume,...

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  • Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, by whatever name they are called, have existed from antiquity. Recognition of the widespread use of CAM by the people of the United States has given new emphasis to the need to better understand the effects of these treatments from the perspective of personal and public health.

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  • Benthic algae have been intensively studied, especially over the past two decades. This intensity has been stimulated by the widespread recognition that benthic algae are ideal indicators of the health of many, if not most, aquatic ecosystems. With this book we hope to synthesize this vital area of research and share its essence with our colleagues and students. We started with an outline of the myriad abiotic and biotic determinants of benthic algal ecology.

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  • This book began as a study of Japanese public policy, more specifically the legal, ethical, and political dimensions of health policy debates in Japan. Having studied medico-legal conflicts in the United States, and the tensions they generated between public health and individual rights, state power and personal privacy, medical paternalism and patients’ rights, I decided to examine how such concerns were addressed in Japan with regard to AIDS policy and the definition of death.

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