With this new edition of Effective Expert Witnessing, Dr. Matson has added
new information that is critical to expert witnessing in the late 1990s. In the
decade since the first edition of this book was published, expert witnessing has
been transformed by a series of court rulings generally concerned with the
reliability, relevancy, and admissibility of expert testimony. Expert witnessing
and trial strategy have not been the same since these decisions.
The critical role of the NMMAPS in the development of the air quality standards attracted
intense scrutiny from the scientiﬁc community and industry groups regarding the statistical
models that are used and the methods that are employed for adjusting for potential confound-
ing. Confounding occurs when an attribute that is associated with an outcome is also associated
with the exposure of interest but is not a result of the exposure. In time series studies, we
are primarily concerned with potential confounding by factors that vary on similar timescales
as pollution or mortality.
Violence against children is a global human rights and public health issue, with signiﬁ cant negative
health and social impact on children’s development. The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
states that all children have the right to be protected against all forms of violence, exploitation and
abuse, including sexual abuse and sexual exploitation.
The short- and long-term consequences of
such violence are severe, not only for those who experience the violence, but also for families and
communities, and constitute a critical societal concern.
Unfortunately, unanimity is not always feasible. There are some respects in which conformity
appears unavoidable, so I do not see how one can avoid the use of the political mechanism
But the doctrine of "social responsibility" taken seriously would extend the scope of the
political mechanism to every human activity. It does not differ in philosophy from the most
explicitly collective doctrine. It differs only by professing to believe that collectivist ends can
be attained without collectivist means.
A word oft-times is expressive of an entire policy. Such is the term Abolition. Though formerly used as a
synonym of Anti-Slavery, people now clearly understand that the designs of those who have ranged
themselves under the first of these systems of reform are of deeper significance and wider scope than are the
objects contemplated by the latter, and concern themselves not only with the great primary question of bodily
freedom, but take in also the collateral issues connected with human enfranchisement, independent of race,
complexion, or sex.
Secondary data were compiled and described using descriptive statistics as appropriate.
Breeding data maintained by the research stations on the Ethiopian Boran and their
crossbreeds were collected and used. The number of available data used for the analysis
is summarized in Table 1. The number of records available for some of the traits was
very limited. Fortunately, there was reasonable spread of data across subclasses and
dependency was not a problem.
Structural analysis is the study of the nature of connection among the members of a mechanism and its mobility. It is concerned primarily with the fundamental relationships among the degrees of freedom, the number of links, the number of joints, and the type of joints used in a mechanism. It should be noted that structural analysis only deals with the general functional characteristics of a mechanism and not with the physical dimensions of the links. A thorough understanding of the structural characteristics is very helpful for enumeration of mechanisms. ...
Structural Analysis of Mechanisms
Structural analysis is the study of the nature of connection among the members of a mechanism and its mobility. It is concerned primarily with the fundamental relationships among the degrees of freedom, the number of links, the number of joints, and the type of joints used in a mechanism. It should be noted that structural analysis only deals with the general functional characteristics of a mechanism and not with the physical dimensions of the links. A thorough understanding of the structural characteristics is very helpful for enumeration of mechanisms.
While such controls may overcome the agency problem between government and
bank owners, it must be asked how significant this problem is in reality. A cursory
review of recent banking crises would suggest that many causes for concern relate to
management decisions which reflect agency problems involving management.
Management may have different risk preferences from those of other stakeholders
including the government, owners, creditors, etc.
7 Variations on a Theme
Simulation gives the researcher the freedom to specify models that appropriately represent the choice situations under consideration, without being unduly hampered by purely mathematical concerns.
Human rights are legally guaranteed by
human rights law, protecting individuals and
groups against actions that interfere with fundamental
freedoms and human dignity.(3) They
encompass what are known as civil, cultural,
economic, political and social rights. Human
rights are principally concerned with the relationship
between the individual and the state.
Governmental obligations with regard to
human rights broadly fall under the principles
of respect, protect and fulfil.
My initial inspiration for writing this book came at a meeting of the
John and Jean DeÂ€Nault Task Force on Property Rights, Freedom, and
Prosperity at the Hoover Institution. On multiple occasions thereafter,
IÂ€ presented portions of this book to my Task Force colleagues, from
whom I always received intense but constructive criticism. The book’s
intellectual mission precisely maps the concerns that have animated my
work for most of the forty-Â�three years that I have spent in academic
The recent literature shows that the belief "natural languages are not context-free" is not necessarily true, and there is no reason for us to give up the context-freedom of natural languages. We (to not discuss on this matter further, considering the fact that even if natural languages are not context-free, a fairly comprehensive grammar for a subset of natural language suflicient for practical systems can be written in context.free phrase structure. lhtJ.% our main concern is how to cope with the ambiguity of natural languages, and this concern is addressed in the fallowing section. ...