Tham khảo sách '.probability for financepatrick roger strasbourg university, em strasbourg business school may', tài chính - ngân hàng, tài chính doanh nghiệp phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Lectures on Measure Theory and Probabilityby H.R. PittPublisher: Tata institute of Fundamental Research 1958Number of pages: 126Description:Measure Theory (Sets and operations on sets, Classical Lebesgue and Stieltjes measures, The Lebesgue integral ...); Probability (Function of a random variable, Conditional probabilities, The Central Limit Problem, Random Sequences and Convergence Properties
Figliola and Beasleys Fifth Edition provides revised material for engineering practice with important updates on coverage of probability and statistics and uncertainty analysis, including added material on Monte Carlo simulation, digital image processing, and with revised coverage of signal acquisition, conditioning, and processing.
C H A P T E R
Is it worth the risk? – introducing probability
This chapter will help you to:
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measure risk and chance using probability recognize the types of probability use Venn diagrams to represent alternatives and combinations apply the addition rule of probability: chances of alternatives apply the multiplication rule of probability: chances of combinations ■ calculate and interpret conditional probabilities and apply Bayes’ rule ■ construct and make use of probability trees...
In this chapter, we study the mathematical structure of a simple one-period model of a
financial market. We consider a finite number of assets. Their initial prices at time t = 0 are known, their future prices at time t = 1 are described as random variables on some
probability space. Trading takes place at time t = 0. Already in this simple model,
some basic principles of mathematical finance appear very clearly. In Section 1.2, we
single out those models which satisfy a condition of market efficiency: There are no
trading opportunities which yield a profit without any downside risk.
This paper explores the determinants of adjective-noun plausibility by using correlation analysis to compare judgements elicited from human subjects with five corpus-based variables: co-occurrence frequency of the adjective-noun pair, noun frequency, conditional probability of the noun given the adjective, the log-likelihood ratio, and Resnik's (1993) selectional association measure. The highest correlation is obtained with the co-occurrence frequency, which points to the strongly lexicalist and collocational nature of adjective-noun combinations.
Exhaustive testing (use of all possible inputs and conditions) is impractical
must use a subset of all possible test cases.
must have high probability of detecting faults.
Need thought processes that help to select test cases more intelligently.
test case design techniques are such thought processes.Effective testing: find more faults.
focus attention on specific types of fault.
know you're testing the right thing.
Efficient testing: find faults with less effort.
systematic techniques are measurable...
A variety of evidence supports the role of design in enhancing firm
performance. New research undertaken for this study also shows that firms with
higher design intensity have a greater probability of carrying out product
innovation and that design expenditure has a positive association with firm
productivity growth. Nonetheless, the multifaceted nature of design makes it
difficult to isolate from more traditional factors affecting performance, such as
market conditions or investment. Research is also hampered by the lack of
commonly agreed statistical measures.