n the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), tens of thousands of girls and women have suffered horrific acts of sexual violence. The government army is one of the main perpetrators. Commanders, even when confronted with abuses, have frequently failed to stop sexual violence and may themselves be guilty of war crimes or crimes against humanity as a consequence. In this report, Human Rights Watch looks at sexual violence committed by the army and more specifically the 14th brigade whose case illustrates the failure to enforce respect for humanitarian law.
In spring of 2001, John Pepper, then chairman of Procter and Gamble, discovered that
members of P&G’s competitive analysis department engaged in corporate spying
practices at its rival corporation, Unilever.
The spying operation gathered about eighty
documents detailing Unilever’s plans for its U. S. hair care business over the next three
years, including information on its launch-plans, prices, and margins.
came as a complete surprise to Pepper, who had not commissioned nor condoned this
Those who set out to implement what this report proposes will
need to make a careful choice of strategies* of change, and decide
whether conditions in their own institutions favour such strategies*.
They should realize, for example, that an attempt to introduce change
in unprepared institutions would fail unless their academic staff were
offered guidance and assistance.
A harm minimisation approach does not condone harmful or illegal drug use. The most
effective way to minimise harm from drugs is not to use them. The harm minimisation
approach does recognise that where eliminating high-risk behaviours is not possible, it
remains important to minimise the personal, social and economic costs associated with
those behaviours. Harm minimisation encompasses a wide range of approaches,
including abstinence-oriented strategies and initiatives for people who use drugs.
They put you in the middle of everyone, on a cross, with your head down and your legs spread and they raped you in that position. And the others had to cheer them on and dance around you.” “We are dealing with the effects, but not the
Over the last fifteen years, the Great Lakes Region has been the theater of numerous bloody conflicts. Sexual violence, specifically, has occurred in many countries, particularly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where such violence has been so pervasive that it is hardly possible to estimate its extent....