In 1978 the Conference of Alma Ata stated in Section VI: “Primary health care is essential
health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and
technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through
their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at
every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination.
Young women work ñ in their homes, communities, schools, with other youth and in the
labour force. Just like generations before them, they are working to improve their lives -
and the lives of those around them - through everyday tasks such as helping a friend,
caring for children, or finishing a homework assignment.
But young women who live in poverty continue to find themselves unable to make our
economy or society work for them.
Global warming is theenvironmental issue of the twenty-first century.
Many believe it ranks with war and poverty as one of the greatest
challenges to human well-being. But unlike war and poverty, which
humanity has confronted for millennia, global warming is a recent
concern. And unlike war and poverty, global warming is mainly a pro-spective threat and one that can in principle be met with pre-emptive
Many governments acknowledge that environmental degradation and climate change pose
international and trans-boundary risks to human populations, economies, and ecosystems that
could result in a worsening of poverty, social tensions, and political stability. To confront these
global challenges, countries have negotiated various international agreements to protect the
environment, reduce pollution, conserve natural resources, and promote sustainable growth.