A variety of conditions may occur in the breast. Starting from congenital abnormalities, conditions due to hormonal changes throughout reproductive life and physiological differences due to pregnancy and lactation are known.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Medical genetics at a glance" presents the following contents: Embryology and congenital abnormalities, multifactorial inheritance and twin studies, cancer, biochemical genetics, immunogenetics, molecular diagnosis, genetic counselling, disease management, ethical and social issues.
Valproic acid, a widely used anticonvulsant drug, is a potent teratogen resulting in various congenital abnormalities. However, the mechanisms underlying valproic acid induced teratogenesis are nor clear. Recent studies indicate that histone deacetylase is a direct target of valproic acid. Methods: In the present study, we have used histological analysis and RT-PCR assays to examine the cardiac abnormalities in mice treated with sodium valproate (NaVP) and determined the effects of NaVP on histone deacetylase activity and the expression...
Congenital heart disease in newborns is associated with global impairment in development.
We characterized brain metabolism and microstructure, as measures of
brain maturation, in newborns with congenital heart disease before they underwent
We studied 41 term newborns with congenital heart disease — 29 who had transposition
of the great arteries and 12 who had single-ventricle physiology — with
the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy
(MRS), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) before cardiac surgery....
(BQ) Part 1 book "Imaging of the hip & bony pelvis - Techniques and applications" presents the following contents: Radiographic evaluation, computed tomography (CT) and CT arthrography, MR and MR arthrography, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, interventional procedures, congenital and developmental abnormalities,...
Doctors or midwives carry out an examination of all newborn
infants within 24–48 hours of life. The purpose of the examination
is to exclude major congenital abnormalities and reassure the
parents that their baby is healthy. Examination of the Newborn
provides a practical, step-by-step guide for midwives and other
practitioners undertaking this role. It also encourages the reader
to view each mother and baby as unique, taking into account their
experiences preconceptually, antenatally and through childbirth.
Examination of the Newborn covers:...
The recent introduction of Multidetector Computed
Tomography (MDCT) represents a milestone
in the evolution of Computed Tomography,
that started in the decade of 1970. Faster
velocities of acquisition, higher spatial and temporal
resolution, and better image quality are
advantages of MDCT over the former singleslice
systems that allow the development of
cardiac applications on a realistic basis.
Familiarity with lacrimal system embryology is necessary to understand
congenital abnormalities of the nasolacrimal drainage system.
The orbital walls are embryologically derived from neural crest cells.
Ossifi cation of the orbital walls is completed by birth except at the
orbital apex. The lesser wing of the sphenoid is initially cartilaginous,
unlike the greater wing of the sphenoid and other orbital bones that
develop via intramembranous ossifi cation.
Congenital Anomalies of the Lumbar Spine
Spondylolysis is a bony defect in the pars interarticularis (a segment near the junction of the pedicle with the lamina) of the vertebra; the etiology may be a stress fracture in a congenitally abnormal segment. The defect (usually bilateral) is best visualized on oblique projections in plain x-rays, CT scan, or single photon emission CT (SPECT) bone scan and occurs in the setting of a single injury, repeated minor injuries, or growth.
El-Sayed and Seleem Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 2010, 5:42 http://www.josr-online.com/content/5/1/42
Hind-foot correction and stabilization by pins in plaster after surgical release of talipes equino varus feet in older children
Mohamed M El-Sayed*1 and Osama A Seleem2
Abstract Congenital talipes equino varus (CTEV) is a three dimensional deformity and is one of the most common congenital abnormalities affecting the lower limb and can be challenging to manage. Hind-foot deformity is considered the most difficult to treat.
Although the FAB classification failed to
distinguish immunophenotypic groups of acute lymphoblastic leukemias, did not recognize
the significance of myelodysplastic changes in acute myeloid leukemias or cytogenetic
abnormalities in either leukemia type, and resulted in some subcategories of little clinical
significance, this system provided very clear guidelines for classification.
Recent reviews have addressed issues of cigarette smoke
exposure and various facets of reproduction including
delayed time to conception, ovarian effects and premature
menopause, implantation failure, fetal growth restriction
and growth retardation, placental abnormalities, reduced
fecundity, congenital abnormalities, and effects on male
reproduction [32-34]. However, most prior reviews have
not considered smoke's interaction with the oviduct, an
organ vital to reproduction.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Anti-SSA/Ro antibodies and the heart: more than complete congenital heart block? A review of electrocardiographic and myocardial abnormalities and of treatment options...
The rationale for the guideline is that whilst growth is documented in a proportion of those receiving
renal replacement therapy (published in the UK Renal Registry report) there is scope for improving
identification of growth failure in children at an earlier stage. Identification and treatment of nutritional
deficiencies and metabolic abnormalities should be aggressively pursued with respect to linear growth.
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) should be considered if there is growth failure despite
the treatment of nutritional deficiencies and metabolic abnormalities
(BQ) Part 1 book "Atlas of spleen pathology" presents the following contents: Normal morphologic and immunohistochemical findings and hyperplasias, congenital malformations and abnormalities of spleen location lymphoid neoplasmsand histology, lymphoid neoplasms, myeloid and related disorders.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Diagnostic imaging of infants and children" presents the following contents: Neonatal lung disease, pulmonary infection, the mediastinum, congenital heart disease, anomalies of the great vessels, the breast, developmental abnormalities of the lungs and diaphragm,...
(BQ) Part 2 book "Diagnostic imaging of infants and children" presents the following contents: Congenital abnormalities of the brain, intracranial infections, autoimmune disorders of the brain, intracranial neoplasms and masses, neoplasms and masses of the spine, trauma and surgery of the spine,...