The ACR considers adherence to these guidelines and recommendations to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding their application to be made by the physician in light of each patient’s individual circumstances. Guidelines and recommendations are intended to promote beneficial or desirable outcomes but cannot guarantee any specific outcome.
Human development has different meanings depending on the area we will focus on.
It is the ontogenetic process of individual development for psychologists. It considers
systematic psychological changes in several areas, such as motor, cognitive, emotional,
social, that occur in human beings over the course of their life span. To sociologists
and economists, among others, human development is the consideration of the macrolevel
countries or regions and their development conditions related to human needs.
Microwaves are generally considered to be a specific part of the wide radio
frequency spectrum. The band from 300 MHz to 30 GHz is typically considered
to be “microwaves,” for example by the Institute of Electrical end
Electronics Engineers (IEEE), although many of us prefer to set the lower
limit somewhat higher—perhaps at 1 or even 3 GHz. Above 30 GHz, the
term “millimeter waves” is used. High school physics suggests that we are
talking about wavelengths ranging from about 30 cm down to 10 mm...
A distinction is to be made between the terms 'efficacy'
and 'effectiveness'. Efficacy is defined as "the probability
of benefit to individuals in a defined population from a
medical technology applied for a given medical problem
under ideal conditions of use". By contrast, effectiveness is
considered to have all the attributes of efficacy but to
reflect "performance under ordinary conditions by the
average practitioner for the typical patient" .
Potential negative consequences of early identification of
cognitive impairment clearly exist. Labelling an individual as demented
may affect his or her ability to obtain life or health insurance, and may
influence attitudes towards the individual by health care professionals
and others. The label of Alzheimer’s disease may cause prejudice and
difficulty in gaining admission to some long-term facilities.
For investments to provide local benefits, mechanisms need to be in place
ensuring technical and economic viability, consistency with local land use plans
and taxation regimes, and transfers of assets from nonviable projects. This
should also include the scope for investment and associated land governance
issues in countries’ broader development strategies that identify areas or crops
where investment can provide the highest benefits based on agro-ecological
endowments and existing land use intensity.
When pregnancy cannot be excluded, women requesting the progestogen-only injectable
should ideally be offered a bridging method as the injectable cannot be removed or
stopped immediately if pregnancy is diagnosed. If other methods are not appropriate or
acceptable (e.g. due to difficulties using the method correctly) immediate start of the
progestogen-only injectable can be considered providing the potential risks are explained.
We know from many research studies that practising
nurses and other healthcare professionals do not
always have the time, confidence or skills to carry
out research or systematic reviews for themselves.
Therefore they rely on reviews by other people
when considering innovations and developments
in their practice.
Our aim for this book, therefore, is to present
readers with the issues arising from conducting
systematic reviews and thereby to help them
understand reviews that they identify and read
when considering developing their health policy,
services and clinical practice....
Dymski’s work also identified at an early stage the class- and race-based
strategies of the major banks and mortgage-originators as they laid their traps for
the meager assets of the poor. It raises, inevitably, the question of responsibility.
And this brings us to an important line of new research, focused on economic
behavior and the law, and specifically on the conditions that generate epidemics of
In this area a key references isWilliam K.
Despite expectations born a decade ago, there are only a few successes in stratified
medicine up to now and its implementation proves to be challenging in many aspects.
Numerous factors are considered in making decisions. Indeed the pharmaceutical sector
becomes increasingly aware of the potential benefits of stratified medicine but it seems
inhibited by uncertainties.
We included studies that evaluated the performance of the most
recent generation of commercial, RD1 antigen-based IGRAs
(QFT-GIT and T-SPOT) among adults (age $15 years) with
suspected active pulmonary tuberculosis or confirmed tuberculosis
in low- and middle-income countries ; the World
Bank Country Classification was considered as a surrogate for
national tuberculosis incidence. HIV infection was established
either by documented serological testing or self-report.
The systematic acquisition of real estate properties over time is unquestionably
one of the surest means of accumulating wealth. While building a
respectable real estate portfolio is a process that can take months, or even
years, the patient and diligent investor enjoys a high probability of earning
above-average returns for his or her efforts. Careful analysis, however, is
required for each and every property considered. Proper analysis is not limited
to a simple review of the property’s condition and location. To be successful
in this business requires a more exhaustive approach....
Engineering is the integration of art and science and involves the use of systematic knowledge based on the
principles of mathematics and the physical sciences to design and develop systems that have direct practical
applicability for the benefit of mankind and society.With this philosophy in mind, the importance of the
engineering sciences becomes obvious, and this is especially true for the biomedical aspects, where the
implications are easily identifiable. Of all the engineering sciences, biomedical engineering is considered
to be the broadest.
Only peer-reviewed studies published in English in the
last decade (1995–2005) were included in this review.
The search was limited to the last decade in order to
source the most recent, high-quality evidence . This
decision was justified on the grounds that systematic
reviews evaluating the earlier literature found many of the
included studies to be of poor or moderate methodologi-
cal quality [13-15] and based on the findings of Moseley
et al (2002), it was assumed that the more recent literature
was more likely to be of higher methodolgical quality.
The aim of this book, which is set out more fully in the Synopsis, is
to develop the outlines of a coherent, systematic vision of an inter-
national legal order that takes the protection of human rights seri-
ously, while anchoring that vision in moral reasoning that is
informed both by a due appreciation of the limitations of existing
institutions and a willingness to consider possibilities for institu-
Abstract Although gait change is considered a useful indicator of severity in animal models of Parkinson's disease, systematic and extensive gait analysis in animal models of neurological deficits is not well established. The CatWalk-assisted automated gait analysis system provides a comprehensive way to assess a number of dynamic and static gait parameters simultaneously. In this study, we used the Catwalk system to investigate changes in gait parameters in adult rats with unilateral 6-OHDA-induced lesions and the...
To determine post-harvest losses mainly due to the fact cracked rice, the data were collected systematically based on real farmers and also by experimentations in two seasons (wet 2006, dry 2007). 2007 wet season experiments are being pursued today. The main factors considered in this study during data collection are:
• Harvest time before and after the seeds mature
• Harvesting methods manual, harvesters, combine harvesters
• drying method and cost-sun drying and mechanical drying
The idea of a book to help neurologists prepare for the oral part of the Neurology Board
Examination stemmed from numerous exchanges with colleagues on how they prepared
for this important exam. Nobody seemed to have the magic formula to maximize their
chances of passing and there were wide disparities of opinion on what they considered the
best preparation. Some recommendations were based on often inaccurate impressions,
others were the distorted product of their stressful experience while taking the test.
To determine post-harvest losses mainly due to the fact cracked rice, the basic data are collected systematically based on real farmers and also by experimentations. There are a series of activities during harvesting and processing rice harvest. Each of these factors will contribute to the damage. Some of these factors together may depend. The main factors considered in this study during data collection are: