Process plants consist of hundreds, or even thousands, of control loops all networked together to produce a product to be offered for sale. Each of these control loops is designed to keep some important process variable such as pressure, flow, level, temperature, etc. within a required operating range to ensure the quality of the end product. Each of these loops receives and internally creates disturbances that detrimentally affect the process variable, and interaction from other loops in the network provides disturbances that influence the process variable....
This book introduces new concepts and theories of Fuzzy Logic Control for the application and development of robotics and intelligent machines. The book consists of nineteen chapters categorized into 1) Robotics and Electrical Machines 2) Intelligent Control Systems with various applications, and 3) New Fuzzy Logic Concepts and Theories. The intended readers of this book are engineers, researchers, and graduate students interested in fuzzy logic control systems.
In a 2004 survey of 200 IT professionals from 14
countries in the Americas, Asia/Pacific and Europe, the
IT Governance Institute (ITGI) found that in 80% of
organizations, IT management is solely responsible for
defining and addressing IT risk impact. This widespread
lack of involvement by business unit managers demon-
strates a consistent—and alarming—gap in mapping
technology risk to the business. Additionally, this gap als
shows that most organizations have inadequate IT risk
assessment processes across their enterprises.
A PLC or programmable controller is a computer based solid state device that controls industrial equipment and processes.
Initially designed to perform the logic functions executed by relays, drum switches and mechanical timer/counters, it has
been extended to analog control as well.
A typical PLC system consists of a processor and an input/output system all mounted in a rack like system. The PLC system
is a cost effective solution for applications with a high ratio of digital to analog points in a system.
This book will discuss the topic of Control Systems, which is an
interdisciplinary engineering topic. Methods considered here will
consist of both "Classical" control methods, and "Modern" control
methods. Also, discretely sampled systems (digital/computer
systems) will be considered in parallel with the more common
analog methods. This book will not focus on any single engineering discipline (electrical, mechanical, chemical,
etc), although readers should have a solid foundation in the fundamentals of at least one discipline....
Interface converter, for converting RS-232 to RS-422 and RS-485, with electrical isolation, 2 channels
Bidirectional, wireless, 2400 MHz transmission system (European version), consisting of 2 transceivers (transmitter and receiver) and two antennas with connecting cable
Fieldline Modular Wireless IO set, consisting of: Wireless IO base station for one Wireless IO terminal and Wireless IO device, 8 digital inputs, 8 digital outputs
Organization scholars have long acknowledged that control processes
are integral to the way in which organizations function. While control
theory research spans many decades and draws on several rich traditions,
theoretical limitations have kept it from generating consistent and interpretable
empirical findings and from reaching consensus concerning the
nature of key relationships.
Chapter 6 - Budgeting. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Budgets and organizational architecture, example: country club, large corporation, trade-off: communication vs. evaluation, budget ratcheting, trade-off: bottom-up vs. top-down,...
Chapter 7 - Cost allocation: Theory. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Definitions and glossary, steps of cost allocation, external cost-based contracts, pervasiveness of cost allocations, reasons to allocate costs, incentive/organizational reasons for cost allocations.
Chapter 8 - Cost allocation: Practices. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Death spiral, death spiral example: internal services, death spiral example: cost-based contracts, death spiral in reverse, allocating capacity costs: depreciation, methods of service department allocation,...
Chapter 9 - Absorption cost systems. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: job order costing; cost flows through the T-accounts ; allocating overhead to jobs; permanent versus temporary volume changes; plantwide versus multiple overhead rates; process costing: the extent of averaging; appendix A: process costing; appendix B: demand shifts, fixed costs, and pricing.
Chapter 10 - Criticisms of absorption cost systems: Incentive to over-produce. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Incentive to overproduce, variable (direct) costing, problems with variable costing, beware of unit costs.
Chapter 11 - Criticisms of absorption cost systems: Inaccurate product costs. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Inaccurate product costs, activity-based costing, analyzing activity-based costing, acceptance of activity-based costing.
Chapter 12 - Standard costs: Direct labor and materials. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Standard cost, setting and revising standards, target costing, purpose of variances, variance computation, direct labor variance, interpreting direct labor variance, direct materials variance - current use,...
Chapter 13 - Overhead and marketing variances. Chapter 13 extends the price and quantity variances to overhead and marketing. The main contents of the chapter consist of the following: Overhead volume measures, budget volume estimates, flexible overhead budget, overhead rate,...
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A well-functioning public sector that delivers quality public services consistent with citizen preferences
and that fosters private market-led growth while managing fiscal resources prudently is
considered critical to the World Bank’s mission of poverty alleviation and the achievement of
the Millennium Development Goals.
A modern motion control system typically consists of a motion controller, a motor drive or amplifier, an electric motor, and feed- back sensors. The system might also contain other components such as one or more belt-, ballscrew-, or leadscrew-driven linear guides or axis stages.
Your network consists of several network devices. You would like to configure access security to
your devices by user where possible. You have a TACACS+ Cisco Secure Server for centralized
authentication. Configure each device for secure access while also configuring local access as a
fallback in case the ACS server is not available. The following information should be used.
Biometrics uses methods for unique recognition of humans based upon one or more
intrinsic physical or behavioral traits. In computer science, particularly, biometrics is
used as a form of identity access management and access control. It is also used to
identify individuals in groups that are under surveillance.
The key objective of the book is to provide comprehensive reference and text on
human authentication and people identity verification from physiological, behavioural
and other points of view (medical biometrics).