Xem 1-20 trên 52 kết quả Constant learning
  • An open-domain spoken dialog system has to deal with the challenge of lacking lexical as well as conceptual knowledge. As the real world is constantly changing, it is not possible to store all necessary knowledge beforehand. Therefore, this knowledge has to be acquired during the run time of the system, with the help of the out-of-vocabulary information of a speech recognizer. As every word can have various meanings depending on the context in which it is uttered, additional context information is taken into account, when searching for the meaning of such a word.

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  • As you can guess from the title, this book is set up so that you can teach yourself the C,programming language in 21 days. Despite stiff competition from languages such as C++, Java, and C#, C remains the language of choice for people who are just learning programming. For reasons we detail on Day 1, you can’t go wrong in selecting C as your programming language.

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  • For' permanent (nocrorHunx) (states and situations) Peter works in a hospital. 2. Laws of nature or general truths London stands on the Thames 3. Repeated actions (always, constantly) Tom always goes to work on foot. 4. Dramatic narrative and commentaries, reviews. (onncanua, xou rraeHrapnr ) We were having dinner. Suddenly the door opens and a polar bear enters the tent.

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  • The primary idea in the STL is the container(also known as a collection), which is just what it sounds like, aplace to hold things. You need containets because objects are constantly marching in and out of your program and there must be someplace to put them while they are around.

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  • Food can be defined as the nutritive material taken into an organism for growth, work, or repair and for maintaining the vital processes. Food sustains life, and, as such, many individuals view food as an uncomplicated, pure source of nutrition. Therefore, such individuals are often bewildered to learn that food is comprised of an array of natural chemicals, and not all the chemicals are nutrients or enhance nutritive value, but in fact may decrease nutritional value or, worse still, are toxic (e.g., naturally occurring toxicants).

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  • Financial accountancy (or financial accounting) is the field of accountancy concerned with the preparation of financial statements for decision makers, such as stockholders, suppliers, banks, employees, government agencies, owners and other stakeholders. Financial capital maintenance can be measured in either nominal monetary units or units of constant purchasing power. The central need for financial accounting is to reduce the various principal-agent problems, by measuring and monitoring the agents' performance and thereafter reporting the results to interested users.

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  • Error analysis was first introduced by Fries (1945) and Lado (1957) who have calimed that foreign or second language learners’ errors could be predicted on the basis of the differences between the learners native and second languages. They have also suggested that where the aspects of the target language are similar to those of the learners’ native language, learning will be easy; otherwise, it will be difficult and second language learners are expected to make errors.

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  • Nowadays, huge amount of multimedia data are being constantly generated in various forms from various places around the world. With ever increasing complexity and variability of multimedia data, traditional rule-based approaches where humans have to discover the domain knowledge and encode it into a set of programming rules are too costly and incompetent for analyzing the contents, and gaining the intelligence of this glut of multimedia data. The challenges in data complexity and variability have led to revolutions in machine learning techniques.

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  • The staff meeting is just coming to an end and there’s been a lively debate on the school’s system for end-of-course assessment. A lot of the teachers are unhappy with the present tests because they find them too grammar based and this doesn’t fit with the kind of communicative teaching that is used in class. However no one has any clear ideas about exactly what kind of system to replace it with… So, it’s been decided to appoint a project group to make proposals.

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  • Although every effort has been made to ensure this guide is free from errors, this publication is sold with the understanding that the authors, editors, and publisher are not responsible for the results of any action taken on the basis of information in this work, nor for any errors or omissions.

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  • While a little bit of group learning and guiding-on-the-side is good in the classroom, too much poses an obstruction to effective dialogue between teacher and students as well as to the efficient transfer of knowledge from teacher to students. In such a climate, gone is the possibility that the teacher can share with students his or her insights or warn them against pitfalls, or that students can learn enthusiastically from their teacher in class and do the mental construction at home — with or without a group of friends.

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  • You learned quite a bit over the last three weeks. It is important that you have a solid foundation before adding new topics. This session will allow you to practice what you learned through a series of questions and answers.1.1. What is the purpose of /* */ at the beginning of each of the program? 1.2. This program has one line that starts with a #, and other programs have several lines that start with #. Explain their purpose. What happens if they are not included in the program? 1.3. int main () . These three parts of a function heading have specific purposes. Explain them. Does...

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  • We learned that a variable is a name assigned to the first byte of the necessary memory to store a value. During compile time the compiler reserves necessary memory for each variable. It may require more than one byte to store a value. The compiler needs to know the size of memory to reserve. This is why a type is always associated with a variable. In a 16-bit computer 2 bytes are used to store an integer, 4 bytes for floats, 8 bytes for double, and 1 byte for character and bool. The size of memory reserved by the compiler...

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  • So far we learned pre-test loops such as the general while loop, counter controlled loops specifically for loop, sentinel controlled loops and flag controlled loops. In all these loops we initialized the loop control variable(s) and tested the condition before entering the loop. For instance, data-validation would require the data to be read at least once and then test for its validity. There are special situations were the loop must be executed at least once before the testing is done. Two examples come to mind, a circular queue, and sorting.

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  • Dr. Abraham In this chapter we will review functions, follow an example program from planning to completion, and learn two new concepts, namely inline functions and function overloading. A function is a subprogram that specializes in doing one specific task. A function by definition may receive none, one, or many input parameters and output none or one parameter. None or One output argument | Function | None, one or many input argument(s) float findAverage (int grade1, int grade2, int grade3) In this example the function findAverage receives 3 input arguments and returns one argument.

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  • We humans are very good recognizing and working with objects, such as a pen, a dog, or a human being. We learned to categorize them in such a way that make sense to us. We may categorize them as animate object, inanimate objects, pets, friends, etc. We some times classify objects based on their attributes, for example, green apples or red apples, fat or slim people, etc. If you think about it each object has many attributes. If I ask you list the attributes of an orange, you probably could list many things such as color, shape, weight, smell, etc....

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  • I have noticed over the years that students have great deal of difficulty dealing with composite and abstract data types. Therefore we are going spend an extra lab review material we have already learned. Vector data type, a variation of array, will be introduced as well. Vector data type (Vector Class) can be used when you need an array that grows dynamically. However, C++ does not allow us to declare size of an array dynamically like some other languages. It is important for you to declare the maximum size you will need. Suppose you are writing a program to keep...

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  • Computing technologies change rapidly. Users want more powerful but compact devices. New technologies constantly increase processing speed and storage capacity, while decreasing the device size in order to satisfy this demand. These technologies may require new clearing and purging techniques. Advancing technology has created a situation that has altered previously held best practices regarding magnetic disk type storage media.

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  • Invite you to consult the lecture content "Chapter 15: Chemical Equilibrium" below. Contents of lectures introduce to you the content: The concept of equilibrium, the equilibrium constant, le châtelier’s principle. Hopefully document content to meet the needs of learning, work effectively.

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  • When instructions within a program are executed one after the other sequentially that program is said to have a linear structure. Decision making after examining all available options is very important in life as well as in programming. For example, it is the law that all males 18 or older should register with the selective service. If you are writing a program to send out reminders to enforce this law, the decision to send the letter should be based on if a person is male and if he is 18 or older. In this chapter you will learn how to...

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