Constitutional and administrative law is one of the core subjects required for a
qualifying law degree and so is a compulsory part of undergraduate law
programmes and graduate diploma in law programmes. It is, however, very
different from many of the other core legal subjects because it concentrates
less on legal rules than on the operation of the system itself – in particular,
the operation of the state and the relationship between the state and the
Four decades have passed since the fi rst edition of this textbook. During
the 1960s and 1970s, the Supreme Court waged a campaign to reform the
criminal justice system through the selective incorporation of Bill of Rights
safeguards into the Fourteenth Amendment. Having constitutionalized criminal
procedure, the Supreme Court then elaborated a set of constitutionally
mandated restraints on police behavior. The “goodness” or “badness” of a
legal precept, nevertheless, depends on how well it works in practice. This can
only be known through empirical validation.
The island of Venice has been sinking perceptibly for centuries, but recent news is that
global warming is likely to accelerate the cataclysm that will take the city below a viable
water level in the lagoon. A possible parallel may be drawn with the unwritten British
constitution that some reformers have long been threatening to abandon, but which
continues to be the basis of a rather unusual system of government, one that is often
visited and sometimes admired by constitutional tourists from other countries.
This unusual and difficult balance is on full display in Kelman's ambitious attempt to address the most vexing problem of the social reform agenda: How should the costs of social programs be borne? Based on his well-received Cooley Lectures at the University of Michigan, Kelman's book seeks the guiding constitutional and policy considerations that should constrain government action. The topics covered include such front-burner issues as the revitalization of takings doctrine and the debates over the role of tax subsidies for desired private conduct.
In 1997, both the underlying confidence and optimism are hard to sustain. The War on
Poverty and its successor programs seem to have made little impact on those populations
that are at the lowest economic levels in U.S. society. If anything, the widening income
distribution and the curbing of governmental expenditures for these groups have left
them worse off. Yet one result of the efforts to address poverty in the intervening years
has been the growth of well-articulated theoretical notions coupled with serious efforts
to ground these ideas in empirical analysis.
The aim of this book is to analyse current problems in European administrative law,
many of which are reflected in the on-going reform process of the European
Treaties. The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe has served as the point
of reference for this study.
Analysis of the distribution of subject matter and library holdings represented in the
HathiTrust Digital Library and shared print repositories further confirmed that the digital
corpus is largely representative of the collective academic library collection, suggesting a
broad potential market for service.
Thus, the Alternative Scenario is better suited for analyzing the House Budget Proposal
than the Extended Baseline. It provides a baseline reflecting a largely unreformed tax code and
persistently worsening fiscal results stemming from the absence of any major budgetary or
In short, the policy changes behind the Budget Resolution stand in very sharp
contrast to an economic and fiscal world without reform.
Center analysts introduced these microsimulation results into the U.S.
As citizens, Afghan women face constitutional equality but legal inequality. Furthermore, there
are great discrepancies between customary law, civil law and Islamic Law - as well as the informal
justice system, which tends to grant women even less rights. Years of conflict and violence have
further eroded the protection of women's (limited) rights, and a culture of impunity reigns as
far as violence is concerned, including violence against women inside and outside the household.
The present writer published a study on Burke some twenty years ago. It was almost entirely critical, and in
no sense a narrative. The volume that is now submitted to my readers first appeared in the series of English
Men of Letters. It is biographical rather than critical, and not more than about a score of pages have been
reproduced in it from the earlier book. Three pages have been inserted from an article on Burke contributed by
me to the new edition of the Encyclopoedia Britannica; and I have to thank Messrs. Black for the great
courtesy with which they have allowed me to...
The Amato law (law 218/1990) of 1990 was the starting point of the reform process. By
introducing the joint-stock company as the basic organizational entity in the banking sys-
tem, the law constituted an important step towards the privatization of the system. In par-
ticular, the law provided for transforming savings banks into joint-stock companies (soci-
etá per azioni, Spa). The banks’ capital was transferred to (publicly owned) foundations,
thereby legally separating the banking business from social or cultural activities.