Xem 1-7 trên 7 kết quả Constitutive equation
  • The role of interest rate in the determination of investment and, hence economic growth, has been a matter of controversy over a long period of time. Yet, what constitutes an approoriate interest rate policy still remain to be a puzzling question.

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  • The electromagnetic power is generated and radiated by antennas. Timevarying current radiates electromagnetic waves (radiated electromagnetic fields). Radiation pattern, beam width, directivity, and other major characteristics can be studied using Maxwell’s equations, see Section 2.2. We use the vectors of the electric field intensity E, electric flux density D, magnetic field intensity H, and magnetic flux density B. The constitutive equations are D = εE and B = µH where ε is the permittivity; µ is the permiability. It was shown in Section 2.

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  • The first application in Section 3, bone healing, may be surprising as a fluid mechanics topic. One generally thinks of bone as a solid material, but much of the bone content is fluid. Fluid mechanics therefore plays an important role in the analysis, and the results depend on the choice of the constitutive equation.

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  • The next chapter presents an analytical solution for a nano-plate with Levy boundary conditions. The free vibration analysis is based on a first order shear deformation theory which includes the small scale effect. The governing equations of motion, reformulated as two new equations called the edge-zone and interior equations, are based on the nonlocal constitutive equations of Eringen.

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  • These two texts in this one cover, entitled ‘An introduction to the standard methods of elementary integration’ (Part I) and ‘The integration of ordinary differential equations’ (Part II), are two of the ‘Notebook’ series available as additional and background reading to students at Newcastle University (UK). This pair constitutes a basic introduction to both the elementary methods of integration, and also the application of some of these techniques to the solution of standard ordinary differential equations.

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  • This book is an experiment. To be precise, the book is not an experiment, but the approach of introducing and employing new concepts of chemical engineering analysis, concurrently with new concepts in computing, as is presented within this book, is experimental. Usually, the student of a first course in chemical engineering is presented with material that builds systematically upon engineering concepts and the student works within this linear space to “master” the material. In fact, however, the process is never so linear....

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  • In this chapter, we present in a nutshell the fundamental aspects of engineering electromagnetics from the view of looking back in a reflective fashion at what has already been learned in undergraduate electromagnetics courses as a novice. The first question that electromagnetics.

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