Xem 1-11 trên 11 kết quả Construction cost estimates
  • This third editon has been intensively augmented and revised to include the latest developments in this rapidly expanding field. The intensified search for oil and gas, the catastrophic flooding of coastal regions and the demands for transportation, bridges, submerged tunnels and waterways have led to the continuing innovation of new technology which isnowavailable for use on more conventional projects as well as those at the frontiers. This text is intended as a guide and reference for practicing engineers and constructors for use in the marine environment.

    pdf802p trieuquanganh 03-12-2011 149 62   Download

  • Clear, practical and comprehensive, this mechanical estimating manual provides an indispensable resource for contractors, estimators, owners and anyone involved with estimating mechanical costs on construction projects, including a wealth of labor and price data, formulas, charts and graphs. Covering time-proven methodologies and procedures, it offers the user a full range of ready-to-use forms, detailed estimating guidelines, and numerous completed examples.

    pdf318p kennybibo 14-07-2012 104 54   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'mechanical estimating manual sheet metal, piping & plumbing wendes systems', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, kiến trúc - xây dựng phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Cocomo estimation COCOMO (COnstructive COst MOdel) Boehm: group of models In the late 1970s, 63 projects (7) effort = c(size)k Effort was measured in pm (person month) Size was measured in kdsi, thousands of delivered source code instructions C, k

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  • As the central bank of the United States, the Federal Reserve performs services for foreign central banks and for international organizations such as the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Re- construction and Development. The Reserve Banks provide several types of services to these organizations, including maintaining non-interest- bearing deposit accounts (in U.S. dollars), securities safekeeping accounts, and accounts for safekeeping gold. Some foreign off icial institutions direct a portion of their daily receipts and payments in U.S.

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  • It was just a few decades ago, in the 1950s, that modern project management was first seen as an individual subject within the area of economic sciences. Centuries back, so-called “projects” were finished successfully, e.g. the building of the aqueducts in Roman times or the construction of the Great Wall in China, but these projects were managed more on an ad-hoc basis mostly using informal techniques and tools.

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  • In any discussion of a project budget, top management usually begins by asking, “What should this project cost, and is that reasonable?” If the project is optional, the decision to proceed should be based on an estimate of expenses versus future profits. For example, Will the effort reduce operating expenses? Is the project really necessary? The only way to answer these questions is to identify the true cost of the project. Your estimate must include labor expense—the cost of paying members of your project team.

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  • If a proven process is not available, it will be necessary to develop a process for use on the project which conforms to the stage, step, task construct. Once this has been done, it is necessary to estimate the resources, both client and technical, required for the project. This should be expressed by resource type or role (e.g., Client Accounts Clerk, Systems Analyst, Analyst Programmer) rather than by individual. It should cover all personnel resources required, both full and part time.

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  • This chapter has been prepared for the use of engineers with access to an electronic calculator and to standard engineering reference books, but not necessarily to a computer terminal. The intent is to provide information needed for the solution of furnace engineering problems in areas of design, performance analysis, construction and operating cost estimates, and improvement programs.

    pdf37p liemthanh 16-12-2009 33 4   Download

  • In the financial appraisal of a project, the cashflow statements are constructed from two points of view: the Total Investment (TI) Point of View and the Equity Point of View. One of the most important issues is the estimation of the correct financial discount rates for the two points of view. In the presence of taxes, the benefit of the tax shield from the interest deduction may be excluded or included in the free cashflow (FCF) of the project. Depending on whether the tax shield is included or excluded, the formulas for the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) will be different.

    pdf29p ziwan 10-03-2009 373 97   Download

  • HEAT EXCHANGER TYPES AND CONSTRUCTION 52.1.1 Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers 52.1.2 Plate-Type Heat Exchangers 52.1.3 Spiral Plate Heat Exchangers 52. 1 .4 Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers 52.1.5 Compact Heat Exchangers 52.1.6 Boiler Feedwater Heaters 52.1.7 Recuperators and Regenerators ESTIMATION OF SIZE AND COST 52.2.1 Basic Equations for Required Surface 52.2.2 Mean Temperature Difference 52.2.3 Overall Heat-Transfer Coefficient 52.2.4 Pressure Drop RATINGMETHODS 52.3.1 Shell and Tube Single-Phase Exchangers 52.3.2 Shell and Tube Condensers 52.3.3 Shell and Tube Reboilers and Vaporizers. ...

    pdf33p hadalabo 29-09-2010 41 9   Download

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