The Java™ programming language was originally called Oak, and was designed for use in embedded consumer-electronic applications by James Gosling. After several years of experience with the language, and significant contributions by Ed Frank, Patrick Naughton, Jonathan Payne, and Chris Warth it was retargeted to the Internet, renamed, and substantially revised to be the language specified here.
These groups fall into at least three classes: market, product and
sensory professionals. Of the three classes, two (market professionals and
sensory professionals) have well-defined responsibilities. The third class, the
“product professional” has eluded a clear definition of who they are and
what they do.
The market researcher studies the market, to understand market trends, and
to discover how the consumer fits into that market. When it comes to products,
market researchers focus on how the product and consumer come together for
Recent years have seen dramatic developments in the capabilities and applications of spoken language technology. From a few niche applications for a range of expensive solutions, the eld has developed to the point where keenly-priced products have swept the awards at consumer electronics shows. Speech recognisers has reached the high-street store, and a significant proportion of the developed world's population has now been exposed to the possibility of controlling one's computer, or creating a document, by voice. ...
It is necessary to have a (large) annotated corpus to build a statistical parser. Acquisition of such a corpus is costly and time-consuming. This paper presents a method to reduce this demand using active learning, which selects what samples to annotate, instead of annotating blindly the whole training corpus. Sample selection for annotation is based upon “representativeness” and “usefulness”. A model-based distance is proposed to measure the difference of two sentences and their most likely parse trees.
Microsoft Windows 8 is a powerful and visually compelling operating system
designed to dramatically enhance consumer productivity and offer access to a
wide range of web-based products and services. A rich user experience is at the heart
of Windows 8, where the new look and feel of Windows 8 applications provide rapid
access to music, photos, contacts, and user settings in the Internet “cloud”, and the
Windows Store provides immediate access to exciting consumer applications.
Relatively recently, after the availability of scanned data from supermarkets some
authors started studying the choices of individual consumers in response to price discounts
rather then focusing on the overall store sales. Such approach allows to separate
the eect price reduction has on the number of items individual consumer buys from
the number of consumers price reduction attracts to the shop. Moreover, it became
possible to see which goods consumers purchase together and how this behavior changes
in response to price reductions. Van den Poel et al.
In the past five (or so) years, especially, the desktop landscape has changed,
severely. Desktops have traditionally been dominated by Windows, but
alternatives are making their way into both the office and home.
Apple’s hit operating systems in the OS X series, and other chic products
(like the iPod) have not only fueled the sales of Macintosh computers, but
have opened consumers’ minds to the reality that there are alternatives to Windows.
Microsoft.NET Architecture and the C# Language
A semester course for 4th year students
Comments to the presentations. Lecture 10.
This lecture is devoted to Web programming for .NET.
Its central concept is .NET Web service. We consider basic concepts of ASP.NET and Web services, compare them to previous Web
solutions, and give an overview of Web services definition, discovery and consuming.
Marketing research is used extensively by destination marketers to identify the types of customers
that can be attracted (active demand), as well as the prospective visitors (suppressed demand)
who do not visit for a variety of reasons (Athiyaman, 1997). Approaching the right target market
and providing the most appropriate combination of local tourism products and services is the secret
for successful destinations. Product design and formulation should therefore be based on research
(Baker et al, 1994; Ritchie, 1996, Calantone and Mazanec, 1991;Hu and Ritchie,1993).
In order to establish how important service user involvement is in good quality mental health
and social care services it is necessary to explore the emergence and reasons for such user
involvement. Barnes and Bowl (2001), Pilgrim and Rodgers (1999) and Campbell (1999),
site that the user movement emerged in response to the emergence of the political right and
consumerist ideology in 1980’s.
By the 1980s, however, manufacturing losses in both new and old plants were being exac-
erbated by foreign competition. As the United States embraced free trade, the aggregate
effect was beneficial, but in some sectors and regions adverse impacts were undeniable,
especially in older cities. The rise of new competitors—notably from Japan—opened the
way to globalization of consumer goods production, both durable and nondurable, that
was cheaper and frequently better.
An object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems
Also a platform to support Java applications (technology)
A little bit history
1991: A team led by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems developed Oak, for use in embedded consumer electronic appliances
1995: renamed Java -redesigned for developing Internet applications (Java 1.0 1.1).
1998: Sun announced the Java 2 platform (1.2,1.3,1.4)
2005 -Now: Java 5 (Java 1.5 -newest version 1.7)
Aboriginal peoples have distinctive perspectives and understandings, deriving from their
cultures and histories and embodied in Aboriginal languages. Research that has Aboriginal
experience as its subject matter must reflect these perspectives and understandings.
In the past, research concerning Aboriginal peoples has usually been initiated outside the
Aboriginal community and carried out by non Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people have had
almost no opportunity to correct misinformation or to challenge ethnocentric and racist
We examine the competition between a group of Internet retailers who operate in an
environment where a price search engine plays a dominant role.We show that for some
products in this environment, the easy price search makes demand tremendously pricesensitive.
Retailers, though, engage in obfuscation—practices that frustrate consumer
search or make it less damaging to firms—resulting in much less price sensitivity on
some other products. We discuss several models of obfuscation and examine its effects
on demand and markups empirically.
When consumers buy products like for instance food products, they make
choices by comparing price and quality among alternatives|e.g. a standard
product and an animal-welfare oriented variant. The choice between product
variants is inﬂuenced by the available information channels and the related
uncertainty of information concerning dierent quality characteristics.
The Evaluation Council’s decision on whether the institution passes the
audit or must be subject to a re-audit is recorded at the end of the report. If
the HEI is required to undergo a re-audit, the targets that are in essential
need of development and will be subject to the re-audit are recorded in the
The report is published in FINHEEC’s publication series in both paper
and electronic format in the language specified in the audit agreement. The
length of the report is approximately 50 pages.
In a world immersed in readymade images, consumer advertising
and the bureaucratised language of institutions, Kristeva’s work
explains how art or aesthetic experience is one of the few means
by which we can generate and access images that are linked to our
vital and lived experiences and that have the capacity to engender
personal, political and social renewal.
The English Baccalaureate was introduced as a performance measure for
schools in England in the 2010 performance tables. It is not a qualification.
The measure recognises where pupils have achieved a C grade or better
at GCSE in English, mathematics, history or geography, two sciences and
a modern or ancient language.
As this document demonstrates, the English Baccalaureate includes
academic subjects highly valued by the Russell Group but it is not currently
required for entry to any Russell Group university.
Natural language generation (NLG) systems are notoriously hard to evaluate. On the one hand, simply comparing system outputs to a gold standard is not appropriate because there can be multiple generated outputs that are equally good, and ﬁnding metrics that account for this variability and produce results consistent with human judgments and task performance measures is difﬁcult (Belz and Gatt, 2008; Stent et al., 2005; Foster, 2008). On the other hand, lab-based evaluations with human subjects to assess each aspect of the system’s functionality are expensive and time-consuming. ...