Contemporary social

Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Contemporary social
  • This chapter provides an overview of contemporary social and behavioral science theory use for development, implementation and evaluation of public health and health promotion interventions.

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  • Individual and societal health-related decisions about interventions to improve health and prevent disease are based on more than scientific evidence. Social, economic, ethical, environmental, cultural, and political factors may also be considered in implementation decisions. The effectiveness of a health-related strategy can be evaluated by comparing the frequency of the outcome in carefully selected groups of people who were and were not exposed to the strategy.

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  • Slang is language deliberately selected for its striking informality and is consciously used in preference to ‘proper’ speech (or, more rarely, writing). It usually originates in small social groups. For these groups, it is a private code that embodies their particular values and behaviour and reinforces their exclusivity. Slang expressions may escape the originating group and become more widely used, and although slang draws much of its effect from its novelty, some terms (booze, punk, cool) may stay in the language for many years....

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  • complexity, also in the field of theories concerning social and economic sciences (The orgins of Order: Self-Organizations and Selection in Evolution, Oxford univ. Press, 1993). Efforts will be made to attempt to “crystallize” complex systems, that is to transform them into structures characterized by a high degree of order. This book The Systemic Dimension of Globalization that consists of a variety of approaches and topics was connected throughout the main message - the system conception.

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  • Meeting the challenge of attaining overall development has for a long time been the preoccupation of all nations of the world. Because of the multi-faceted and allencompassing nature of ‘development’, even the most advanced nations of the world today are battling with many ‘developmental’ challenges. Suffice it to agree with the notion that development is a process and not a destination.

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  • Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective The New Fiscal Sociology: Taxation in Comparative and Historical Perspective demon- strates that the study of taxation can illuminate fundamental dynamics of modern societies. The fourteen chapters in this collection offer a state-of-the-art survey of the new fiscal sociology that is emerging at the intersection of sociology, history, political science, and law. The contributors include some of the foremost comparative historical scholars in these disciplines and others.

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  • Charity Law & Social Policy explores contemporary law, policy and practice in a range of modern common law nations. It does so from the perspective of how this has evolved in the UK. As progenitor of a system bequeathed to its colonies and after centuries of leadership in developing the core principles, policies and precedents, the jurisdiction of England & Wales has been and remains central to charity law as a common law phenomenon.

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  • This book has emerged from our experience in the education of allied health professionals (AHPs), particularly student occupational therapists. As tutors we were aware that students, especially as they neared qualification, struggled to find a suitable textbook examining the key areas that contextualised their study of profession-specific skills.

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  • The financial burdens imposed on peasants have become a major source of discontent in the Chinese countryside and a worrisome source of political and social instability for the Chinese government. Throughout the 1990s and into the new century, much of rural China has been in a state of crisis as tension has grown between the peasant masses and the state. Farmers who bitterly resented the taxburden began increasingly to protest (sometimes violently) against unpredictable and open-ended financial exactions by predatory local governments.

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  • Women’s nutritional conditions differ widely among and within countries. Such conditions are worst in the less-developed regions and countries of the world, where poverty, social disparities, discrimination, and different kinds of malnutrition affect large populations.

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  • This book has a simple purpose: to explore the various dimensions of social inequality that currently afflict the game of football in Britain. The contributors have written variously against a background of euphoric public discourse about football, with waning concern about football hooliganism, a string of new stadiums, the incessant tinkling of cash registers at the top clubs and relentless media invocations of ‘the beautiful game’.

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  • One of the daunting challenges facing South Africa in the contemporary period is that of achieving social cohesion. Educational institutions should be at the cutting edge of the project to weave a common identity whilst promoting respect for difference. It was this challenge that motivated us to convene colloquia in 2003 and 2006 to discuss the current state of school desegregation and innovative ways to forge ahead in the complex processes of dismantling the legacies of the past and creating inclusive paradigms for our classrooms....

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  • ‘Health Promotion’ is rapidly establishing itself as an important force within the ‘New Public Health’, itself an important feature of contemporary approaches to health and health care provision. Whilst debates have raged around definitions of health promotion and the differences between health promotion and health education, there has been little concern for the nature of the knowledge base being drawn upon by health promoters and researchers discussing such topics.

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  • A quarter of a century ago, the proportion of older people living in institutions in developed countries had reached an estimated 9% (22). Since that time, there has been a shift in emphasis towards care in the community and the use of less restrictive residential settings. Current rates of use of nursing homes are in the range of 4–7% in countries such as Canada (6.8%), Israel (4.4%), South Africa (4.5%) and the United States (4%).

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  • The very title of Jean Lau Chin's book—Learning from My Mother's Voice—both honors her mother, a courageous woman who immigrated to the United States from China, and indicates her mother's primary role within the text as she describes life both in China and in the United States, as well as her own immigration journey. It is a tribute to her mother and other women who experienced immigration then and now. Examining the life of one's mother often means the exploration of geography (i.e., place), time period, and people central to her life.

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  • It is doubtful whether the survivor of any order of things finds compensation in the privilege, however undisputed by his contemporaries, of recording his memories of it. This is, in the first two or three instances, a pleasure. It is sweet to sit down, in the shade or by the fire, and recall names, looks, and tones from the past; and if the Absences thus entreated to become Presences are those of famous people, they lend to the fond historian a little of their lustre, in which he basks for the time with an agreeable sense of celebrity. But another time comes, and comes very...

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  • To stress the salience and urgency of the national situation as dictated by contemporary terrorism and to underscore the need for behavioral and social science understandings of that situation are to pronounce the self-evident. Terrorism, already recognized by some as the looming form of international conflict in the late twentieth century, moved dramatically to center stage on September 11, 2001, and promises to occupy national attention for decades.

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  • A series of fifteen conversations in which contemporary artists who create activist, participatory work discuss the cooperative process. Colleagues from fields including architecture, art history, urban planning, and new media join the conversations.

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  • This book is born out of a discussion at the Socio-Legal Studies Association annual conference in 1999 (in Loughborough) between Dave Cowan, Caroline Hunter and Simon Halliday. We all had an interest in homelessness, law, administrative justice and decision-making, and had a background in researching these issues. In particular, Dave had done some early work about informal internal appeal systems which had been developed in the early 1990s in homelessness cases.

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  • Institute of Science and Technology for Society launched an R&D Project: Identification of Factors Affecting Cognitive and Behavioral Development of Children in Japan Based on a Cohort Study (FY2004 to 2008) (the Japan Children's Study). By taking the cohort study approach and targeting infants and small children, the study aims to determine the influence of social and living environments on mental, physical, and language development as well as their mechanisms, in particular, the neural base and the development of sociability during different developmental phases.

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