Contexts defined

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  • However, there are a number of advantages to examining the smart money effect in fund management using our U.K.mutual fund data. First, ourmoney f low data aremonthly rather than quarterly. Second, we observe exact f lows rather than approximations based on fund values and fund returns. Third, we can distinguish between institutional and individualmoney f lows. Fourth, we can distinguish between purchases and sales. A further advantage is that we are able to examine mutual fund investor behavior in a different institutional setting from that of the United States.

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  • Inform or Explain: Writing to inform or explain requires students to integrate complex information from multiple sources in a lucid fashion, such as facts about a new technological application or a set of workplace procedures. To achieve coherence, students must illustrate the connections between ideas and events, such as cause and effect. Students also must organize their description or explanation in a manner appropriate to the context, responding to the specific needs of the reader by both covering the relevant ground and anticipating confusions that might arise.

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  • Eligibility All work entered in the ADDY competition must have first appeared in the media between January 1 and December 31, 2012. With the exceptions of Public Service Advertising, Advertising for the Arts, and Advertising Industry Self Promotion categories, work entered must have been the result of paid creative services and media placement in the normal course of business (excluding student entries). Entries must be submitted in the CBSA, DMA or MSA of the entrant (as defined by Arbitron or Nielsen for your local market).

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  • Organizations will renew their focus on talent development as they look to grow and gain competitive advantage in new markets. When we asked PMO managers about the most critical factors for success, the skill sets of their project and program managers were a top concern. Our 2011 PMI Project Management Salary Survey found that nearly 70% of organizations now have a career path for those engaged in project or program management. However, the majority of these are still informal and not clearly defined and in writing. ...

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  • One of Wall’s theses is that the fusion of art and non-art is in a sense an illusion, a mimetic operation that leaves the institutional art context fully intact. Non-artistic phenomena, including various forms of economic and social activity, make their ‘second appear- ance’ in, or rather as, art. Artists and curators appropriate these activities without actually having to leave the institutional domain of art. The heteronomy of contemporary art is, in Wall’s term, a ‘pseudo-heteronomy’....

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  • Others, including earlier versions of our system, bury discourse functions inside other modules, such as natural language interpretation or the back-end interface. An innovation of this work is the compartmentalization of discourse processing into three generically definable components--Dialogue Management, Context Tracking, and Pragmatic Adaptation (described in Section 1 below)--and the software control structure for interaction between these and other components of a spoken dialogue system (Section 2).

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  • The relevance of context in disambiguating natural language input has been widely acknowledged in the literature. However, most attempts at formalising the intuitive notion of context tend to treat the word and its context symmetrically. We demonstrate here that traditional measures such as mutual information score are likely to overlook a significant fraction of all co-occurrence phenomena in natural language. We also propose metrics for measuring directed lexical influence and compare performances.

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  • A new approach to bottom-up parsing that extends Augmented Context-Free Grammar to a Process Grammar is formally presented. A Process Grammar (PG) defines a set of rules suitedfor bottom-up parsing and conceived as processes that are applied by a P G Processor. The matching phase is a crucial step for process application, and a parsing structure for efficient matching is also presented. The PG Processor is composed of a process scheduler that allows immediate constituent analysis of structures, and behaves in a non-deterministic fashion. ...

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  • A number of grammatical formalisms were introduced to define the syntax of natural languages. Among them are parallel multiple context-free grammars (pmcfg's) and lexical-functional grammars (lfg's). Pmcfg's and their subclass called multiple context-free grammars (mcfg's) are natural extensions of cfg's, and pmcfg's are known to be recognizable in polynomial time. Some subclasses of lfg's have been proposed, but they were shown to generate an AlP-complete language. Finite state translation systems (fts') were introduced as a computational model of transformational grammars. ...

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  • Substantial efforts have been made in order to cope with disjunctions in constraint based grammar formalisms (e.g. [Kasper, 1987; Maxwell and Kaplan, 1991; DSrre and Eisele, 1990].). This paper describes the roles of disjunctions and inheritance in the use of feature structures and their formal semantics. With the notion of contexts we abstract from the graph structure of feature structures and properly define the search space of alternatives.

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  • A new class of formal languages will be defined the Distributed Index Languages (DI-languages). The grammar-formalism generating the new class - the DI-grammars - cover unbound dependencies in a rather natural way. The place of DI-languages in the Chomsky-hierarchy will be determined: Like Aho's indexed Languages, DI-languages represent a proper subclass of Type 1 (contextsensitive languages) and properly include Type 2 (context-free languages), but the DI-class is neither a subclass nor a superclass of Aho's indexed class. ...

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  • Many people, in many different ways, want to do good work. As people—in the business context, as customers—we all want to receive quality, to get good stuff, to get what we want. In the world of business—and outside it, in arts, hobbies, and personal growth—many of us want to deliver quality, to do good work, to deliver something of value to ourselves and others. Quality Management Demystified is about helping you do that in the context of business.

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  • Price action is the foundation of all technical indicators, yet most traders do little to understand it. Within trades, price action creates the most important element of context, defining inflection points that affect market entry and exit.

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  • Up-to-date information about customer satisfaction is important for successful management of complex projects. The importance of customer satisfaction is emphasized in the case of projectbased organizations, where a customer often plays an integral role in the project delivery process. Turner and Keegan (2001, p. 256) elegantly define project-based organization as an organization in which:

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  • Soil provides a list of services to all users of terrestrial ecosystems and is crucial to our agricultural societies. From an anthropogenic point of view, soil quality may be then measured in terms of the services the soil provides to our society. The value of soil services to human societies has changed during history and thus the value we give to soils has also changed over time as it depends upon the economic and cultural basis of a society for a given context. While throughout history human awareness of the soil services has been mainly reduced to food, fibre and...

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  • People with disabilities have too often been excluded from everyday activities: shopping at a corner store, going to a neighborhood restaurant or movie with family and friends, or using the swimming pool at a hotel on the family vacation. The ADA is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities and opens doors for full participation in all aspects of everyday life.

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  • This brief guide aims at explaining the basic steps for getting started with GPRS. It supposes you are a bit familiar with GPRS concepts, like network attachment, session or PDP context. This guide is not intended to give full details about how GPRS works, all GPRS-specific AT commands (check out the GPRS AT command manual). By default depending on the firmware version, the MS starts up either in class CG (i.e. in GPRS mode and not in GSM mode) or in class B.

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  • Analyzing monthly return data on more than 2500 unique U.S. equity funds over the period 1984–2003, we show that the average return gap is close to zero. In particular, the equally weighted return gap for all mutual funds in our sample equals 1.1 basis points per month, while the value- weighted return gap equals −1.0 basis points per month. These results indicate that the magnitude of unobserved actions is relatively small in the aggregate. Thus, fund managers’ trades in the aggregate create sufficient value to offset trading costs and other hidden costs of fund management.

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  • Asset management industry in Thailand has followed the omega model as defined by Bogle (2004) by which the distribution of returns and benefits from managing mutual funds are explored. As Thailand is the bank base economy, major Thai asset management companies are commercial bank capital market arms. We defined asset management companies (AMC) associated with commercial bank as bank related (BR) AMC. Often, questions regarding products variety and competitive situation among Thai AMC are raised and there is no research explores or answers the aforementioned questions. ...

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  • Finally, the requirements that a fund has to fulfill in order to be included in the SIF's listing of SRI funds are not stringent. For example, a fund could be on the list just by having a formal policy of excluding companies with interests in the tobacco business. If the constraints that SRI (as defined in our data set) imposes on fund managers are minor, the performance of SRI mutual funds should not be expected to be lower than that of conventional funds. It is important to highlight that the estimated performance differences between SRI and conventional funds cannot...

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