Why we need to communicate to help and what is the communication task, why we need to communicate to help and what is the communication task, what we want them to remember, what we are going to say to them,... to help you answer the questions above, you are invited to consult the document content "What if there is a contraception method: A digital strategy to get the adult". Invite you to consult.
COMBINED ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES Mechanism of action
The combined oral contraceptive (COC) pills currently available in the UK are shown in Table 2. They combine an estrogen (ethinylestradiol (EE) in all cases but one) with one of seven progestogens. Aside from secondary contraceptive effects on the cervical mucus and to impede implantation, COCs primarily prevent ovulation. This makes the method highly effective in ‘perfect’ use (Table 1), but it removes the normal menstrual cyle and replaces it with a cycle that is user-produced and based only on the end-organ, i.e. the endometrium.
Co-cyprindiol (ethinylestradiol and cyproterone acetate; Dianette®, Clairette®) is indicated
primarily for acne or hirsutism but it is also contraceptive and concerns have been raised
about fetal exposure to cyproterone acetate. The SPC for Dianette29 advises that pregnancy
must be excluded before treatment is begun, and states that animal studies have revealed
that feminisation of male fetuses may occur if cyproterone acetate is administered during the
phase of embryogenesis at which differentiation of the external genitalia occurs.
Apart from mifepristone (RU486) – a ‘hot potato’ politically, so still unavailable for this use – three methods have now been shown to be effective contraceptives when initiated after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI): • • • the insertion of a copper IUD the combined oral emergency contraceptive (COEC) using LNG 500 µg + EE 100 µg repeated in 12 hours the levonorgestrel progestogen-only emergency contraceptive (LNG EC), given as a stat dose of LNG 1500 µg.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Midwifery tutors’ capacity and willingness to teach contraception, post-abortion care, and legal pregnancy termination in Ghana
some of the most important choices you must make as a woman are those for
which you may be least prepared.Your decisions about sexual activity, contraception,family
planning, and reproductive health can affect your life in profound ways. Ideally you
should make these choices, sometimes in conjunction with your doctor or health care
provider, based on accurate information and thoughtful consideration.
The text of this manual, an update of the second edition of our Concise Guide
to Women’s Mental Health, reflects the latest data on women’s mental health.
Although every section has been revised, particularly extensive revisions have
been made in the sections describing the use of psychiatric medications in pregnant
and breast-feeding women, abortion and contraception, and the use of
hormones in menopausal women. The book continues to reflect our expanding
clinical experiences in the Women’s Life Center.
Contraception (pregnancy avoidance) is practiced for many reasons, such as pregnancy planning, limiting the number of children, avoiding medical risks of pregnancy (especially with heart disease, diabetes mellitus, or tuberculosis), and controlling the world population. The use of contraception is increasing in developed countries, but some forms are economically out of reach for those in developing countries. Of the U.S.
Implants contain a progestogen in a slow-release carrier, made either of dimethylsiloxane, as in Jadelle (not available in the UK) with two implants, or ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA), as in Implanon, a single rod (Figure 12). They are excellent examples of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), with the ideal ‘forgettable’ default state, yet rapid reversibility.
Intrauterine contraceptives are currently of two distinct types: • copper intrauterine devices (IUDs), in which the copper ion (the actual contraceptive) is released from a band or wire on a plastic carrier the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, which releases that progestogen – this will be abbreviated below as either LNG-IUS or just IUS.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Foreign body granuloma in the anterior abdominal wall mimicking an acute appendicular lump and induced by a translocated copper-T intrauterine contraceptive device: a case report
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Co-existence of a giant splenic hemangioma and multiple hepatic hemangiomas and the potential association with the use of oral contraceptives: a case report
Obstetrics and gynaecology is a dynamic
and rapidly changing speciality. Great
advances have been made in prenatal
diagnosis, the management of infertility
and contraceptive techniques. The
introduction of minimally invasive
surgical procedures has reduced bed
occupancy and analgesic requirements
allowing women to return home more
rapidly. Service delivery development,
required to meet improving NHS
standards, has seen the introduction of a
new multidisciplinary approach, new
roles for midwives and the emergence of
the gynaecological nurse practitioner....
Contraceptive use accounts for a substantial portion of the variation in
observed fertility rates (others include age of marriage, abortion rates, post-
partum amenorrhea and abstinence, and occurrence of marital separations).
Although there have been dramatic increases in the use of family planning
services, unmet need for family planning remains very high in low-prevalence
Contraceptive methods can be divided into two subgroups as hormonal and non-hormonal.
Hormonal contraceptives include combined-oral contraceptives, progestin only pills,
hormonal implants, progestin releasing intrauterine systems, depomedroxyprogesterone
acetate injections, and vaginal rings. Non-hormonal contraceptive methods include male and
female condoms, copper intrauterine device, tubal ligation and vasectomy of the companion.
Combined oral contraceptives are a widely used and well accepted form of contraception.
IVF and related treatments (GIFT and ZIFT, see below) are the most invasive ART treatments.
Usually women try other methods first, and turn to IVF when those methods have not succeeded
in pregnancy or live birth. One percent of babies in the US are born using IVF. Unlike AI,
fertilization takes place outside the woman’s body in which eggs (retrieved from the woman
trying to get pregnant or from an egg donor) are fertilized with sperm (from a partner or donor)
in a Petri dish.
Each year a large number of students enter the schools of dentistry,
medicine, and nursing throughout the world. They enter what is to them
a new world of thought and ideas. Even though advisors do suggest they
read the classical works, the students usually don’t have the time to delve
deeply into these works. For the student Medically Speaking will provide
a convenient way to quickly locate some of the great and not-so-great
thoughts which have been written.
A body of research has determined that, by expanding the availability of low cost family
planning services to a broader set of low-income women, the savings associated with averted
unplanned pregnancies and other health improvements substantially exceed the cost of additional
family planning services.
Research has demonstrated that publicly funded family planning
services are effective in promoting contraceptive use among low-income women and in averting