Another major role of marketing relates to change in ownership. Agricultural goods, like most
other goods, have value only in terms of their usefulness -- utility -- to consumers. The pricing
and exchange functions associated with possession are the heart of marketing.
Pricing is the determination of market values in terms of money. Buyers and sellers at a given
time agree on a common evaluation. Prices may vary from day to day or hour to hour,
depending on demand and supply. But, in time, prices of different commodities seek different
levels in accordance with...
In conducting their operations, farmers are exposed to financial losses
because of production risks—droughts, floods, and other natural
disasters—as well as price risks. The federal government has played an
active role in helping to mitigate the effects of these risks on farm income
by promoting the use of crop insurance. RMA has overall responsibility for
administering the federal crop insurance program, including controlling
costs and protecting against fraud, waste, and abuse.
Second, it should not be forgot that several neuroprotectant have failed not because
they lacked efficacy, but because they revealed unexpected side effects. Many NMDAreceptor
antagonists were discarded because in clinical trials they showed psychedelic
unwanted effects. Tirilazad, an antioxidant belonging to the “lazaroid” class of
antioxidants, unexpectedly worsened outcome of ischemic stroke, a fact very likely
explained by some unexpected toxic action(s) that offset its neuroprotective ability.
The process of ageing has resulted in the emergence of a new epidemiological scenario in the
developing countries with high prevalence of degenerative diseases that act as a major cause
of death and disability and lack of mobility (Smith and Bares, 1991, Zwi, 1999). There are
evidences of unhealthy ageing from almost all the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and
Latin America. Pelaez and and Palloni (1998) have concluded that there is a long-run health
degeneration in the ageing societies of the Caribbean and Latin America with changing
remains the principal source of funding and distribution, even when
only a relatively small proportion of production is conducted entirely
in-house. Technically independent productions include Hollywood
blockbusters such as Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) and Basic
Instinct (1992), produced by the independent Carolco in an alliance
with TriStar Pictures.
These replacement and/or supplementary supplies
can be provided through organic manures and/or
This publication concerns the provision of raw mate-
rials for two important mineral fertilizers, phosphate
Three major nutrients are required in large quantities
for plant growth, nitrogen, phosphorous and potassi-
um. Three secondary nutrients are required in smaller
quantities on some soils; sulfur, calcium and magne-
sium. Seven micronutrients may be required in small
amounts where deficient.
NO2 is a product of combustion. It is a precursor to ground-level ozone formation
through photochemical reactions involving VOCs. NO2 causes a brown colour in the
atmosphere at elevated concentrations. It reacts in the atmosphere with ammonia to
form fine particulates, which reduce visibility and increase PM2.5 concentrations
(Levelton Engineering Limited, 2000).
NO2 irritates the mucous membranes in the respiratory tract.
In implementing a programme of privatisation and restructuring, it should be recognised that the
restructuring process, if left solely to the market forces, may create substantial unemployment and incur
considerable social costs. Supporting a programme of careful restructuring by the creation of new business
out of the old, engaging under-utilised assets, with or without an element of public subsidy, may add
considerable value to local economies. The experience of the transitional economies in Europe shows the
potential for creating small businesses out of large company restructuring.
The StanMark project brings together researchers and policy‐makers to develop a set of standards
for marketing foods and beverages consistent with the resolution of the World Health Assembly.
Convene a series of meetings in Europe and the USA to bring together key members of the scientific
research community and policy‐making community to consider how marketing food and beverages
may affect children’s health.
Sales charges are the commissions that you
may have to pay when you buy or sell a fund. If
you pay this charge when you buy the fund, it’s
called an initial sales charge or front-end load.
If you pay it when you sell, it’s called a deferred
sales charge or back-end load. Some funds are
sold on a “no-load” basis, which means you
pay no sales charge when you buy or sell.
Comparing sales charge options
With initial sales charges, the cost can vary
from firm to firm and may be negotiable. Shop
around, and remember that every dollar you
pay in commission is a...
Muirhead (1987) reviews the large literature on shrinkage estimators of the covariance
matrix in ﬁnite-sample statistical decision theory. All these estimators suﬀer from at least two
severe drawbacks, either of which is enough to make them ill-suited to stock returns: (i) they
break down when N T; (ii) they do not exploit the a priori knowledge that stock returns
tend to be positively correlated to one another.
Managed care prevalence in the market can also impact
the climate in which the elderly seek care. The availability
of managed care plans for the elderly could improve elderly
access to and utilization of preventive care services, if
the Medicare managed care plans fulfill their promise –
more specifically, the management and coordination of
care. A growing body of literature has found that Medicare
beneficiaries in HMOs receive more preventive services
and have better outcomes than their FFS counterparts.
But risk factors don’t tell us everything. Having a risk factor, or even several risk factors,
does not mean that you will get the disease. And some people who get the disease may have
few or no known risk factors. Even if a person with basal or squamous cell skin cancer has a
risk factor, it is often very hard to know how much that risk factor may have contributed to
The following are known risk factors for basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas. (These
factors don't necessarily apply to other forms of non-melanoma skin cancer, such as...
Furthermore, winning and hosting key international conferences is seen as a major economic
boost to the host city and many use the conference sector as a means of urban renewal and
regeneration. The city of Glasgow employed 40,000 people on the Clyde at the height of the
shipbuilding era but as the industry declined so did the area around it. The Scottish Exhibition
and Conference Centre (SECC) was built on the banks of the Clyde in 1985 and over the last
ten years £1 billion has been spent in transforming Clydeside as conference business and
general tourism has grown.
Moreover, the residential location choices of low-skilled workers are likely to be
geographically constrained by zoning restrictions limiting the location and quantity of low-income
housing. Such constraints may limit the ability of low-skilled workers to choose residential locations
within reasonable public-transit commutes of important employment centers. In light of these
considerations, it is not surprising that researchers have found large differences in employment rates
between car-owners and non car-owners.
Second, economic adjustment within the euro area is continuing. This is most visible in the reduction of
large current-account deficits driven by partly permanent declines in domestic absorption and gains in
competitiveness, but is also apparent in gradually rising wages and domestic demand in surplus countries.
Internal and external adjustment has farther to go, and it will have to be sustained over time to see an
impact on stocks of domestic and external liabilities.
Rubber is indigenous to South America. Many attempts to start a viable rubber industry in that region have
met with failure because of the presence of SALB and the lack of a cost-effective management tools in that
region. SALB spreads rapidly causing severe leaf fall and twig dieback. Chemical control that involves repeated
fungicide applications to trees of great height has been found to be expensive and impractical.
Because there is significant variation and overlap in the appearance of dif-
ferent etiologies of vaginitis, objective testing should always be undertaken.
Any symptomatic, colored, or foul-smelling discharge should be sampled
from the lateral vaginal wall for microscopic examination. Such specimens
usually are obtained before other testing to decrease the presence of red blood
cells. Secretions are mixed with a small amount of normal saline either in a
test tube or on a slide with a protective cover slip to prevent air-drying.
Schools can use the health promoting schools model programme to identify the initial state
(analysing the conditions and needs), outline improvement techniques (school development plan,
concept and plan framework), structure and evaluate the achieved change at any stage of the project
implementation (evaluating the effectiveness of the project), spot the potential risks impairing
health promotion, plan the influencing of the hidden curriculum and make the health promotion
curriculum a controllable part of the hidden curriculum of the school....
We could not locate any studies in marketing or in the
general ﬁeld of education on whether pictures affect
students’ attention to education materials. However, there
are studies on student preferences. Levie and Lentz,  and
Levie  in reviewing research on pictures in education cite
research showing that children prefer stories with pictures to
ones with no pictures and that audio–visual presentations are
rated as more enjoyable and interesting if accompanied by