With the aging of the population, we are seeing a global increase in the
prevalence of age-related disorders, especially in developed countries.
Chronic diseases disproportionately affect the older segment of the popula-tion, contributing to disability, a diminished quality of life and an increase
in healthcare costs.
The Committee to Review the Social Security Administration’s Disability
Decision Process Research (the committee) acknowledges with appreciation the
many people who participated in the Workshop on Survey Measurement of Work
Disability, including those who prepared papers for presentation, those who
served as formal discussants, and the many others who contributed to the lively
and informative discussions at the workshop. Support for the study was provided
by the Social Security Administration.
This volume brings together five chapters from Disease
Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition (DCP2
Jamison and others 2006). These chapters cover mental disorders,
neurological disorders, learning and developmental
disabilities, and alcohol and illicit opiate abuse. The purpose
of this special package is similar to the overall objective of the
parent volume - to provide information on cost-effectiveness
of interventions for these specific groups of disorders.
To overcome barriers to closing the gap between resources and the need for treatment of mental disorders, and to
reduce the number of years lived with disability and deaths associated with such disorders, the World Health Organiza-
tion has created the Mental Health Global Action Programme (mhGAP) as part of a major effort to implement the rec-
ommendations of the World Health Report 2001 on mental health. The programme is based on strategies aimed at
improving the mental health of populations.
Adaptive behavior assessment system–II technical report provides a comprehensive norm-referenced assessment of the adaptive skills of individuals ages birth to 89 years. The clinician can use the ABAS–II to diagnose and classify disabilities and disorders; identify an individual’s strengths and limitations; and to document and monitor the individual’s performance over time. The ABAS–II provides for the assessment of an individual by multiple respondents (e.g.
Finally, for themost part, the agenda setters—
that is, the politicians — found that child health is a
readily accepted cause that meets with little opposi-
tion when proposed as a subject for social investment
There is also diversity with regard to final beneficiaries: many providers target people excluded
from mainstream financial services (47% of respondents of the latest EMN survey) and women
(44%); moreover, ethnic minorities and/or immigrants (41%), young (29%) and disabled people
(21%) are amongst the top ranks (see Jayo et al, 2010).
Priority outreach to these specific target groups show the high social focus of microfinance in
Addressing diet and physical activity in the workplace has the potential
to improve the health status of workers; contribute to a positive and
caring image of the company; improve staff morale; reduce staff
turnover and absenteeism; enhance productivity; and reduce sick leave,
health plan costs and workers' compensation and disability payments.
The burden of disease quantifies mortality and morbidity
due to a given disease or risk factor. The most commonly
used measure is the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY),
which combines the years of life lost due to disability with
the years of life lost due to death. This measure allows to
compare diseases or risk factors in terms of their public
health importance. The World Health Organization has
been investigating the contribution of a range of risk
factors, such as malnutrition, smoking and lack of access
to water and sanitation, to the burden of disease.
Rural residents have higher rates of age-adjusted mortality, disability, and chronic disease than their urban counterparts. Contributing negatively to the health status of rural residents are their lower socioeconomic status, higher incidence of both smoking and obesity, and lower levels of physical activity. Contributing negatively to the health status of farmers are the high risks from workplace hazards; contributing positively are farmers¿ higher socioeconomic status, lower incidence of smoking, and more active lifestyle.