In response to the enactment by the U.S. Congress of the Intermodal
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), the Federal Highway
Administration (FHWA) requested that the National Research Council (NRC)
conduct a study on nonconventional concrete technology for renewal of the
highway infrastructure. ISTEA directed the FHWA to initiate a comprehensive,
long-range infrastructure research and development (R&D) program.
Not all materials can be etched in an easy and cheap way. Especially, noble metals or
tantalum are stable against most of these corrosive structuring methods. Hence,
precision machining may be used to generate microstructures from these metals as
well as from standard metal alloys such as stainless steel or hastelloy. Depending on
the material, precision machining can be performed by spark erosion (wire spark
erosion and countersunk spark erosion), laser machining or mechanical precision
MIDAS/Civil is the ultimate Integrated Civil Engineering Solution for designing
bridges and general civil structures. It retains construction stage analysis
capabilities for Prestressed/Post-tensioned concrete, Suspension, Cable Stayed,
Specialty and Conventional bridges and Heat of hydration.MIDAS/Civil, developed in the object-oriented programming language Visual
C++, fully exploits the advantages and the characteristics of the 32bit Windows
environment for technical computations.
This session is an occasion to discuss good practices in MDG achievement with regard to gender equality that can help
improve the way in which development cooperation promotes gender equality in a more systematic way while also
improving its own effectiveness and coherence in line with national and international agreements.
Achievement of such commitments is a key driver of effective development cooperation on all fronts.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights proclaim that everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including freedom to manifest their religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance. Even today, in our democratic societies too, this fundamental right is still sometimes restricted and meets with hostility and intolerance.