Pragmatism is enjoying a renaissance in management studies and the
social sciences. Once written off as amoral, relativist and opposed to
the ideals of Truth, Reason and Progress, it is now regaining inl uence
in public policy, international relations and business strategy.
But what can pragmatism teach us about strategy? How can pragmatic
strategies help businesses to succeed? This innovative book
presents a pragmatic framework for shaping and solving strategic
problems in a practical, creative, ethical and i nely balanced manner.
China’s papermaking technology itself is relatively similar across establishments
because, until recently, the industry relied on a couple of domestic manufacturers
making nearly identical machines for each stage in the papermaking process (CTAPI
(1993)). The critical differences in the technology come from the use of two alternative
raw materials (wood and non-wood fibers) and from the production of either bleached or
unbleached papers. Both differences are important to understanding the industry’s
The Boeing case studies provide an interesting window into the dramatic shift in manufacturing paradigms
taking place in response to the highly competitive market of the 21st century. Like many companies today,
Boeing has placed Lean Manufacturing in the forefront of its efforts to eliminate continually all non-value
added aspects of the enterprise and ensure optimal competitiveness.
This subject focuses on management accounting for cost and control purposes in an organisational context. Emphasises the use of quantitative techniques and computer software including spreadsheets and presentation graphics.
This book provides information on alternative and complementary
therapies that can expand the healing spectrum for
individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). It discusses healing
perspectives and paradigms that have not been a part of traditional
modern medicine but that, nevertheless, comprised a key component
of healing armamentaria throughout much of mankind’s history.
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) has widened
the horizons of radiation therapy due to its ability to
conformradiation dose distributions to complex tumor
target volumes while sparing nearby critical structures
as much as physically possible. IMRT has also led to
paradigm shifts in all elements of the chain of radiotherapy,
from treatment prescription over treatment
planning (“inverse” planning) to treatment delivery and
The engineering profession must adapt to the new low carbon paradigm well
ahead of society as a whole in order to provide the necessary leadership in
design and the direction of policy. The professional engineering institutions
and trade associations must all recognise a multi-disciplinary, problem solving
approach that over-turns conventional partisan relationships and embraces a
systemic approach to construction. All contributors to construction projects
must be prepared to provide leadership in their area of expertise, but work
with others to link knowledge across existing boundaries.
A conventional model of computation has the program prescribe the exact order of input. This model is supported by the four programming paradigms-imperative, objectoriented, functional, and logic. In this model, the program controls the sequence of steps that occur at run time, and the ordering of input plays a passive role in regulating how those steps are carried out. Moreover, this model supports algorithms that terminate once the input is exhausted. Chapter 16 provides knowledge of event-driven programming.