Motivated by psycholinguistic ﬁndings that eye gaze is tightly linked to human language production, we developed an unsupervised approach based on translation models to automatically learn the mappings between words and objects on a graphic display during human machine conversation. The experimental results indicate that user eye gaze can provide useful information to establish such mappings, which have important implications in automatically acquiring and interpreting user vocabularies for conversational systems.
CarSim is an automatic text-to-scene conversion system. It analyzes written descriptions of car accidents and synthesizes 3D scenes of them. The conversion process consists of two stages. An information extraction module creates a tabular description of the accident and a visual simulator generates and animates the scene. We implemented a first version of CarSim that considered a corpus of texts in French. We redesigned its linguistic modules and its interface and we applied it to texts in English from the National Transportation Safety Board in the United States. ...
This book covers the recent development and progress of the wind energy conversion system. The chapters are contributed by prominent researchers in the field of wind energy and cover grid integration issues, modern control theories applied in wind energy conversion system, and dynamic and transient stability studies.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Design of a Versatile and Low Cost μVolt Level A to D Conversion System for Use in Medical Instrumentation Applicatio
To enable conversational QA, it is important to examine key issues addressed in conversational systems in the context of question answering. In conversational systems, understanding user intent is critical to the success of interaction. Recent studies have also shown that the capability to automatically identify problematic situations during interaction can signiﬁcantly improve the system performance. Therefore, this paper investigates the new implications of user intent and problematic situations in the context of question answering. ...
This book is a great resource of 17 different topics for conversation which usually may occur at Matura Exams for foreign language learners.
The Slovak Republic
The Slovak System of Government
The Slovak System of Education
Traditions. Holidays and Feastdays
Science and Technology
Clothes and Fashion
Sports and Games
Cultural Life in Our Town
Music and the Fine Arts
Address Conversion Functions and The Domain Name System
Refs: Chapter 9 RFC 1034 RFC 1035
Netprog: DNS and name lookups 1
• IP Addresses are great for computers
– IP address includes information used for routing.
• IP addresses are tough for humans to remember. • IP addresses are impossible to guess.
– ever guessed at the name of a WWW site?
Netprog: DNS and name lookups 2
The Domain Name System
• The domain name system is usually used to translate a host name into an IP address .
Work on Deisboeck and Kresh's Complex Systems Science in BioMedicine
started years ago. In fact, thoughts and ideas leading up to this textbook date
back to our first conversation, sometime in the fall of 1996. We quickly found
common ground, and talked about emergence and self-organization and their
relevance for medicine. We were both fascinated by the idea of complexity and
marveled about its tremendous possibilities for cancer research, which was then
and still is Tom's main scientific interest. Much has happened in science and
technology since we first discussed our vision.
2007, I wrote an ebook called “Save the Pixel—the Art of Simple Web Design,”
which teaches that simplicity is the key to designing web pages that work. Th e book
has sold more than 8,000 copies, and my agency Scratchmedia has become well
known for the clean, spacious design style.
Aft er I presented on simple web design at Ken McCarthy’s System Intensive seminar
in 2008, I was asked what evidence I could share that proved the eff ectiveness of my
approach. I was shocked to realize I had no numbers to prove that simplicity works!...
An increasing number of telephone services are offered in a fully automatic
way with the help of speech technology. The underlying systems, called spoken
dialogue systems (SDSs), possess speech recognition, speech understanding,
dialogue management, and speech generation capabilities, and enable a
more-or-less natural spoken interaction with the human user. Nevertheless, the
principles underlying this type of interaction are different from the ones which
govern telephone conversations between humans, because of the limitations of
the machine interaction partner.
This book is based on publications from the ISCA Tutorial and Research
Workshop on Multi-Modal Dialogue in Mobile Environments held at Kloster
Irsee, Germany, in 2002. The workshop covered various aspects of development
and evaluation of spoken multimodal dialogue systems and components
with particular emphasis on mobile environments, and discussed the state-ofthe-
art within this area. On the development side the major aspects addressed
include speech recognition, dialogue management, multimodal output generation,
system architectures, full applications, and user interface issues.
• Data models facilitate
• Early analysis of properties, ... e.g. storage cost, querying ability,
• Re-use of shared data among multiple applications
• Exchange of data across organization
• Conversion of data to new software/ environment
• Example - Y2K crisis for year 2000
Many computer software systems were developed without welldefined
data models in 1960s and 1970s. These systems used a
variety of data models for representing time and date. Some of
the representations used two digits to represent years.
Since the 1990s, digital signals have been increasingly used not only in various industries and engineering equipments
but also in everybody’s daily necessities. Mobile phones, TV receivers, music CDs, multimedia computing, etc, are the
indispensable items in modern life, in which digital formats are taken as a basic form for carrying and storing information.
The major reason for the advancement in the use of digital signals is the big leap forward in the popularization of
microelectronics and computing technology in the past three decades.
We describe an implementation integrating a spoken dialogue system with a mobile robot, which the user can direct to specific locations, ask for information about its status, and supply information about its environment. The robot uses an internal map for navigation, and communicates its current orientation and accessible locations to the dialogue system using a topological map as interface. processing, language modelling, language understanding and dialogue management have been implemented. 2.1 Speech Recognition Nuance's speaker-independent speech recognition system (www.. nuance . ...
Introduction to digital systems, digital logic, boolean algebra and logic gates, combinational logic gates, number systems, conversions and codes, binary addition and subtraction,... As the main contents of the document "Electronic digital system fundamentals". Invite you to consult the text book for more documents serving the academic needs and research.
Individual utterances often serve multiple communicative purposes in dialogue. We present a data-driven approach for identiﬁcation of multiple dialogue acts in single utterances in the context of dialogue systems with limited training data. Our approach results in signiﬁcantly increased understanding of user intent, compared to two strong baselines.
The Automatic Content Linking Device is a just-in-time document retrieval system which monitors an ongoing conversation or a monologue and enriches it with potentially related documents, including multimedia ones, from local repositories or from the Internet. The documents are found using keyword-based search or using a semantic similarity measure between documents and the words obtained from automatic speech recognition.
Correct stress placement is important in text-to-speech systems, in terms of both the overall accuracy and the naturalness of pronunciation. In this paper, we formulate stress assignment as a sequence prediction problem. We represent words as sequences of substrings, and use the substrings as features in a Support Vector Machine (SVM) ranker, which is trained to rank possible stress patterns. The ranking approach facilitates inclusion of arbitrary features over both the input sequence and output stress pattern. ...
We present the ﬁrst English syllabiﬁcation system to improve the accuracy of letter-tophoneme conversion. We propose a novel discriminative approach to automatic syllabiﬁcation based on structured SVMs. In comparison with a state-of-the-art syllabiﬁcation system, we reduce the syllabiﬁcation word error rate for English by 33%. Our approach also performs well on other languages, comparing favorably with published results on German and Dutch.
We demonstrate one aspect of an affectextraction system for use in intelligent conversational agents. This aspect performs a degree of affective interpretation of some types of metaphorical utterance. of metaphor, with a signiﬁcant degree of linguistic open-endedness. Also, note that our overarching research aim is to study metaphor as such, not just how it arises in e-drama. This increases our need for systematic, open-ended methods.