Vietnam-Chinese transboundary river basins play an important role in socio-economic development for both Vietnam and China. The cooperative research on assessment of climate change impact on water resources is necessary in order to maintain and develop water resources, exploit and consume effectively, protect environment and prevent disasters on transboundary river basins. The problems have been paid the attention by scientists and agencies of both countries. This report presents the expressions of climate change impacts on water resources on VietnamChina transboundary river basins and...
Scientific research is becoming increasingly more globalized and more collaborative. At the same time, there is growing pressure within the United States to justify government funding for science and technology (S
It has become a habit that following completion of a research programme, a review
or assessment is performed. Partly to justify the money and efforts that went into the
programme and partly to identify novel directions for new programmes. Following
this tradition, the sponsor of the International Cooperation research programme
(DLO-IC), the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (LNV),
asked a small group of scientists to draw lessons from its recently completed North-
IFA (“Institutions for Floods in Asia”) project focuses on institutional dimension of river floods risk reduction in the Asian countries that along with structural approaches constitutes the core in human responses to floods. IFA aggregates and compares results of country-based research in order to further explore the problem How to strengthen capacities and performance of institutions to reduce flood risks. Rich evidence for testing IFA approaches is provided from recent case-studies of big river floods in Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, Japan, Russia,......
This is the seventh report by the National Research Council Standing Committee
to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation
of Vehicles (PNGV). The PNGV program is a cooperative research and development
(R&D) program between the federal government and the United States
Council for Automotive Research (USCAR), whose members are DaimlerChrysler
Corporation, Ford Motor Company, and General Motors Corporation (GM).
Almost all developed countries have well-established science policy research centres providing training and policy advice, in addition to research. In many developing countries, however, this capacity is lacking, leading to fragmented, poorly coordinated science systems.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a heterogeneous flow of funds, composed of both acquisition (cross-border mergers and acquisitions, M&A) and Greenfield investment (GF). Since the dilemma of a firm between GF and M&A is similar to the one between cooperation and defection in Prisoner’s Dilemma (PD), we used PD for modeling FDI. We discuss the conditions for the firms to take GF (cooperation) option by equilibrium analysis
European cooperation and integration has continued to progress forward
over the past five decades, with an ever deepening impact on the member
states. The first wave of research into these processes concerned European
integration, the process of institution building and policy developments at
the European Union (EU) level. The second wave, on Europeanization used
integration as an explanatory factor in understanding domestic political
change and continuity related to the EU.
The research reported here was sponsored by the Deputy Under Secretary of the Army (International Affairs). Toward the end of the project’s duration, that office was disestablished and its functions split up and merged into the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology) and the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff, G-3, Operations and Plans, Headquarters, Department of the Army. The research was conducted in RAND Arroyo Center’s Strategy, Doctrine, and Resources Program....
Functional cooperation between FACT and the MCM helicase complex constitutes an integral step during DNA replication initiation. However, mode of regulation that underlies the proper functional interaction of FACT and MCM is poorly understood. Methods & Results: Here we present evidence indicating that such interaction is coordinated with cell cycle progression and differential complex formation. We first demonstrate the existence of two distinct FACT-MCM subassemblies, FACT-MCM2/4/6/7 and FACT-MCM2/3/4/5. Both complexes possess DNA unwinding...
This paper presents ongoing research on computational models for non-cooperative dialogue. We start by analysing different levels of cooperation in conversation. Then, inspired by ﬁndings from an empirical study, we propose a technique for measuring non-cooperation in political interviews. Finally, we describe a research programme towards obtaining a suitable model and discuss previous accounts for conﬂictive dialogue, identifying the differences with our work.
Shortly after the September 11, 2001, attacks, Air Force Chief of Staff General John Jumper asked RAND Project AIR FORCE to conduct a study entitled “Thinking Strategically About Combating Terrorism.” This year-long project was divided into four research tasks, each tackling different but complementary aspects of the counterterrorism problem: • Threat assessment: identifying the character and boundaries of the threat • The international dimension: assessing the impact of coalition and other international actors on U.S. options • Strategy: designing...
CmtR is a repressor of the ArsR–SmtB family fromMycobacterium tuber-culosis that has been shown to sense Cd(II) and Pb(II) in Mycobacte-rium smegmatis. We establish here that CmtR binds cooperatively to
multiple sites inM. tuberculosisDNA and protects an unusually long
90 bp AT-rich sequence from )80 bp to +10 with respect to its own
Despite its long history, and a great deal of research producing many useful algorithms and observations, research in cooperative response generation has had little impact on the recent commercialization of dialogue technologies, particularly within the spoken dialogue community. We hypothesize that a particular type of cooperative response, intensional summaries, are eﬀective for when users are unfamiliar with the domain.
Chapter 1 - Research in business. After reading this chapter, you should understand: What business research is and how it differs from business decision support systems and business intelligence systems, trends affecting business research and the emerging hierarchy of business decision makers, the distinction between good business research and research that falls short of professional quality, the nature of the research process.
This chapter explains the ethical issues faced by researchers. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: What issues are covered in research ethics; the goal of “no harm” for all research activities and what constitutes no harm for participant, researcher, and research sponsor.
Chapter 3 - Thinking like a researcher. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: The terminology used by professional researchers employing scientific thinking, what you need to formulate a solid research hypothesis, the need for sound reasoning to enhance research results.
This chapter provides an overview of the research process and sets the stage for coming chapters. After reading this chapter, you should understand: That research is decision- and dilemma- centered, that the clarified research question is the result of careful exploration and analysis and sets the direction for the research project,...
This chapter explains the use of secondary data sources to develop and formulate research questions. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: The purpose and process of exploratory research, the two types and three levels of management decision-related secondary sources, the five types of external information and the factors for evaluating the value of a source and its content,…
This chapter introduces the major descriptors and types of research design. After reading this chapter, you should understand: The basic stages of research design, the major descriptors of research design, the major types of research designs, the relationships that exist between variables in research design and the steps for evaluating those relationships.