United Nations agencies and global funding initiatives (such as the
Global Fund and PEPFAR) have fundamental responsibility for realizing
the potential of comprehensive services to prevent vertical transmission
of HIV. These entities must be funders, coordinators, technical advisors
and global champions. The research in the six countries covered in this
report suggests that although several global entities have made important
contributions to delivery of comprehensive services, their individual
impacts have been constrained by insufficient linkages and collaboration.
One of the challenges in treating cancer is the disease's complexity and variation among patients. Cancer manifests differently in each patient, so treatments that are effective in one patient may not be effective in another. As cancer care becomes more personalized, subpopulations of individuals will be given preventive or therapeutic interventions based on their susceptibility to a particular disease or their predicted response to a specific treatment.
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (the “Port Authority”) is a complex
organization, comprised of billions of dollars of vital infrastructure and transportation
operations as well as significant real estate holdings. Navigant Consulting, Inc.
Entities that currently regulate an element of critical infrastructure that has
been defined as higher risk should be responsible for oversight. Enforcement of these
standards should be incorporated into already established safety or security reviews.
Any element of critical infrastructure that has processes or technology that exceed the
established standard should be deemed compliant with the standard.
Recent events make this report both timely and urgent. They have dramatically underscored the
importance of an effective, comprehensive health information infrastructure that links all health
decisionmakers, including the public. Based on public hearings about the NHII, the Committee has
determined that Federal leadership, under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is
the most important missing ingredient that could accelerate and coordinate progress on the NHII.