This paper describes an operational system which can acquire the core meanings of words without any prior knowledge of either the category or meaning of any words it encounters. The system is given as input, a description of sequences of scenes along with sentences which describe the [EVENTS] taking place as those scenes unfold, and produces as output, a lexicon consisting of the category and meaning of each word in the input, that allows the sentences to describe the [EVENTS]. It is argued, that each of the three main components of the system, the parser, the linker and the...
This is a short book, but it took a long time to write. In two previous books, Beyond
All Reason and Desperately Seeking Certainty, we criticized some currently popular
theories like originalism, the view (held by many conservative constitutional
scholars) that the Constitution’s meaning is fi xed by the history of its creation.
We also criticized theories of leading scholars at the other end of the ideological
The SRI Core Language Engine (CLE) is a general-purpose natural language front end for interactive systems. It translates English expressions into representations of their literal meanings. This paper presents the lexical acquisition component of the CLE, which allows the creation of lexicon entries by users with knowledge of the application domain but not of linguistics or of the detailed workings of the system. It is argued that the need to cater for a wide range of types of back end leads naturally to an approach based on eliciting grammaticality judgments from the user.
This paper describes a 'Logical Form' target language for representing the literal meaning of English sentences, and an intermediate level of representation ('Quasi Logical Form') which engenders a natural separation between the compositional semantics and the processes of scoping and reference resolution. The approach has been implemented in the SRI Core Language Engine which handles the English constructions discussed in the paper.
A major overhaul of the IT Infrastructure Library® (ITIL®) is coming Spring 2007, and it will have a dramatic
impact on the entire IT industry. ITIL v3 presents an entirely new “hub-and-spoke” design with a descriptive
core framework as the hub and prescriptive solutions as spokes. Perhaps most useful are new implementation
templates based on industry, firm size, business model, and regulatory environment that provide an impressive
array of targeted solutions. An enhanced descriptive core, new and more prescriptive additions, improved guidance
on business alignment...
The field of digital image segmentation is continually evolving. Most recently, the advanced segmentation methods such as Template Matching, Spatial and Temporal ARMA Processes, Mean Shift Iterative Algorithm, Constrained Compound Markov Random Field (CCMRF) model and Statistical Pattern Recognition (SPR) methods form the core of a modernization effort that resulted in the current text. This new edition of "Advanced Image Segmentation" is but a reflection of the significant progress that has been made in the field of image segmentation in just the past few years.
The aims of this edition remain the same as those of previous editions: namely,
to explain and discuss critically the general principles of the constitutional
law and administrative law of the UK and to identify their historical and
political foundations. This edition has been recast and substantially rewritten
and expanded in order to take account of major changes in the law, notably
the burgeoning case law generated by the Human Rights Act 1998, and to
consider recent scholarship and political developments.
This landmark book has long been the gold standard of concise summaries of important U.S. Supreme Court cases in U.S. constitutional law. The book incorporates every facet of constitutional law, including the powers and privileges of the three branches of the national government, federalism, war powers, and extensive briefs on civil rights and liberties. This new edition has been thoroughly revised, reorganized, and updated through the end of the 2008 term.
Consider Apple’s seismic embrace of Intel a few years ago. It means you, Mr. or Ms. Computer Buyer, can have your cake and eat it too. (I love a good cliché when I need it.) You can benefit from what remains the best marriage in personal computing (the blessed union between Mac hardware and Mac software), but you no longer have to ditch the Microsoft Windows–based software you currently use out of habit, due to business obligations, or because you don’t know any better
With each passing year, international organizations such as the United Nations
and the World Health Organization become more essential to serving the vital
requirements of states and state goals of security and well-being for their central
interests, especially their people. Organizations at one level serve the needs of
their members and at a higher level "harmonize the action of nations" in the
pursuit of common goals in the finely crafted words of Article 1 of the U.N.
Charter and constitution.
My previous work, Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme
Court, 1936-1961 (Oxford University Press, 1994), examines Marshall's legal
career before his appointment to the federal bench in 1961. The first chapter of
this book describes Marshall's route to the Supreme Court from 1961 to 1967. The
remainder of the book uses Marshall's experience on the Supreme Court as a
vehicle for examining the Court as a whole during his tenure.
The Indian financial system is changing fast, marked by strong economic growth, more robust
markets, and considerably greater efficiency. But to add to its world-class equity markets, and
growing banking sector, the country needs to improve its bond markets. While the government
and corporate bond markets have grown in size, they remain illiquid. The corporate market, in
addition, restricts participants and is largely arbitrage-driven.
To meet the needs of its firms and investors, the bond market must therefore evolve.
Much effort has been put into computational lexicons over the years, and most systems give much room to (lexical) semantic data. However, in these systems, the effort put on the study and representation of lexical items to express the underlying continuum existing in 1) language vagueness and polysemy, and 2) language gaps and mismatches, has remained embryonic.
This paper shows the fallacy of this claim. It addresses the problem. It identifies and describes a number of object characteristics beyond shape (section I) and contextual factors ( s e c t i o n 2) which bear on these processes. Drawing on these d e s c r i p t i o n s , the t h i r d section proposes core meanings for two categories of . The l a s t section outlines the main d i r e c t i o n s of Inquiry suggested by the examples and...
In the manufacturing industry, however, the word robot means a
reprogrammable stationary manipulator with few, if any sensors, com-
monly found in large industrial manufacturing plants. The third common
meaning of robot is a teleoperated vehicle similar to but more sophisti-
cated than a radio controlled toy car or truck. This form of robot usually
has a microprocessor on it to aid in controlling the vehicle itself, perform
some autonomous or automatic tasks, and aid in controlling the manipu-
lator if one is onboard....
Bài giảng Kịch bản HDH: Module 5 - Automating Active Directory® Administration presented Use the AD - drive in Windows PowerShell, identify Active Directory cmdlets in Windows PowerShell, perform key active directory management tasks related to users, groups, computers, and organizational units, by means of Windows PowerShell cmdlets.