Certain postulates are posited as a basis for the orientation and organization of research in mechanical translation. They are the following: 1. The essential problem of mechanical translation is the establishment of acceptable correlation between the signs of one system (the source language) and those of another (the target language).
Human evaluations of machine translation are extensive but expensive. Human evaluations can take months to ﬁnish and involve human labor that can not be reused. We propose a method of automatic machine translation evaluation that is quick, inexpensive, and language-independent, that correlates highly with human evaluation, and that has little marginal cost per run. We present this method as an automated understudy to skilled human judges which substitutes for them when there is need for quick or frequent evaluations. ...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Histology a text and atlas - With correlated cell and molecular biology" presents the following contents: Methods, cell cytoplasm, the cell nucleus, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, tissues - concept and classifi cation, cartilage, bone, muscle tissue,...
As described in this paper, we propose a new automatic evaluation method for machine translation using noun-phrase chunking. Our method correctly determines the matching words between two sentences using corresponding noun phrases. Moreover, our method determines the similarity between two sentences in terms of the noun-phrase order of appearance. Evaluation experiments were conducted to calculate the correlation among human judgments, along with the scores produced using automatic evaluation methods for MT outputs obtained from the 12 machine translation systems in NTCIR7.
In this paper, we explore correlation of dependency relation paths to rank candidate answers in answer extraction. Using the correlation measure, we compare dependency relations of a candidate answer and mapped question phrases in sentence with the corresponding relations in question. Different from previous studies, we propose an approximate phrase mapping algorithm and incorporate the mapping score into the correlation measure. The correlations are further incorporated into a Maximum Entropy-based ranking model which estimates path weights from training.
(BQ) Part 1 book "diFiore's atlas of histology - With functional correlations" presents the following contents: Histologic methods, light and transmission electron microscopy, cells and the cell cycle, epithelial tissue, epithelial tissue, hematopoietic tissue,...
This chapter explains the use of several techniques including correlation analysis and regression analysis. After reading this chapter, you should understand: How correlation analysis may be applied to study relationships between two or more variables; the uses, requirements, and interpretation of the product moment correlation coefficient;...
Chapter 18 - Measures of association. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: How correlation analysis may be applied to study relationships between two or more variables; the uses, requirements, and interpretation of the product moment correlation coefficient; how predictions are made with regression analysis using the method of least squares to minimize errors in drawing a line of best fit;...
Boost students’ vocabularies, bring new words to life, and prepare kids for standardized tests with these instant, high-interest writing prompts— one for each day of the school year! A rich selection of vocabulary words is correlated with the calendar to support vocabulary development all year long. Includes kid-friendly definitions, common synonyms and antonyms, and prompts that inspire a range of writing genres. For use with Grades 3-6.
C H A P T E R
Two-way traffic – summarizing and representing relationships between two variables
This chapter will help you to:
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explore links between quantitative variables using bivariate analysis measure association between quantitative variables using Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient and the coefficient of determination quantify association in ordinal data using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient represent the connection between two quantitative variables using simple linear regression analysis use the technology...
Nowadays it is difficult to imagine an area of knowledge that can continue developing
without the use of computers and informatics. It is not different with biology, that has
seen an unpredictable growth in recent decades, with the rise of a new discipline,
bioinformatics, bringing together molecular biology, biotechnology and information
Microbial biomass formation on root surfaces can be measured in
plants growing in solution with or without an inert solid support. Carbon
flow to the biomass can be measured by growing plants in solution
or soil on a continuous source of 14C02 and the expected biomass formation
predicted. The lack of correlation between measured and predicted
biomass can be explained by oligotrophic growth of the micro-organisms.
Among the elements of the conferences that have to
do with the elderly, the following are noted: education
about the main health problems and the methods to
prevent them; promotion of food supplies and adequate
nutrition; supply of appropriate drinking water and basic
sanitation; immunization against major infectious diseases;
prevention and control of endemic diseases; appropriate
treatment of common diseases and accident
consequences and availability of essential medication, in
addition to social resources, such as social groups,
universities open to the seniors and awareness about the
Image registration is an emerging topic in image processing with many applications
in medical imaging, picture and movie processing. The classical problem of image
registration is concerned with finding an appropriate transformation between two
data sets. This fuzzy definition of registration requires a mathematical modeling and
in particular a mathematical specification of the terms appropriate transformations
and correlation between data sets. Depending on the type of application, typically
Euler, rigid, plastic, elastic deformations are considered.
The usual approach of epidemiological studies is to measure the association between at
least one specific pollutant (e.g. PM, NOx, CO or O3) and health outcomes. These
specific components are usually highly correlated with other pollutants and are
considered indicative of the complex pollutant mixture. It is unclear how much the
associations reported in epidemiological studies represent the independent effects of
Texture, nutritive values and volatile compounds of Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus ostraetus and Pleroutus sajor-caju mushrooms were
determined. The volatiles have been found out with an estimation approach by carrying out gas chromatography and mass spectrophotometer
(GS–MS) Library Catalogue comparison. Neither regular increase nor decreases were observed for the values of texture, moisture,
ash and protein values of L. eddoes.
that the tasks of stating preferences and making decisions about objects would
most likely be associated with activity in the dorsolateral frontal and medial frontal
cortices. Pinpointing the neural correlates of the emotional facet of aesthetic
experience is more difﬁcult, given that its very nature is less clear.
Digital signal processing is currently in a period of rapid growth caused by recent
advances inVLSI technology. This is especially true of three areas of optimum signal pro-
cessing; namely, real-time adaptive signal processing, eigenvector methods of spectrum
estimation, and parallel processor implementations of optimum filtering and prediction
In this edition the book has been brought up to date by increasing the emphasis
on the above areas and including several new developments.
The development of Understanding Research in Clinical and Counseling Psychology
is the result of our experiences teaching and working with students in
professional psychology over many years. Although virtually all graduate programs
require a course on research, the basis for that requirement is often shrouded
in mystery for many students. Students enter their graduate training with the admirable
ambition of learning skills important for assisting clients to make changes.
Prevalence of severe mental distress and its correlates in a population-based study in rural south-west Uganda
Eugene Kinyanda1*, Laban Waswa1, Kathy Baisley2 and Dermot Maher1,2
Background: The problem of severe mental distress (SMD) in sub-Saharan Africa is difficult to investigate given that a substantial proportion of patients with SMD never access formal health care. This study set out to investigate SMD and it’s associated factors in a rural population-based cohort in south-west Uganda.