Xem 1-20 trên 27 kết quả Cost of public funds
  • The observed market rate of interest is the sum of the utility discount factor (reflecting impatience) and the utility growth factor (reflecting diminishing marginal utility of consumption).

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  • The fact that the shortfall figures have been rising over the past twenty years indicates that the mutual fund industry's market impact problems are becoming increasingly severe. This is not surprising, given the rapid growth in the size of mutual funds and an increase in the rates of their portfolio turnover. In any event, it appears that the combination of reported expenses and market impact costs, on average, now consumes the mutual fund investor's capital at a...

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  • Independent, non-partisan agency which assists Congress in investigating and reporting on government’s effectiveness in using public funds. Uniform minimum standards of and guidelines to financial accounting and reporting. Currently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) and the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory are authorized to establish these principles. Standards governing the conduct of external audits by CPAs, as determined by the Auditing Standards Board (ASB) of the AICPA.

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  • Second, when central and sub-national governments share a common tax base, there are vertical tax externalities between levels of government that are taxing the same common pool. An increase in a province’s tax rate causes its tax base to fall, which in turn causes tax revenues to fall both for the regional and for the central government. The province, in choosing its tax policies, will neglect the adverse effect of its actions on federal revenues. Thus, it will consider its marginal cost of public funds to be lower than the true value, leading it to set too...

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  • The Investment Company Institute (“ICI”) and ICI Global appreciate the opportunity to comment on the consultative document published by the Financial Stability Board (“FSB”) entitled “Strengthening Oversight and Regulation of Shadow Banking: A Policy Framework for Oversight and Regulation of Shadow Banking Entities.”1 ICI is the national association of U.S.

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  • Consequently, as the scope and design of the WTC have evolved, particularly in response to the  national  symbolic objectives and  security  concerns  that have permeated  the development,  the  required costs of rebuilding have correspondingly expanded.  The objective of completing  the  Memorial by  the  ten‐year anniversary of September 11 became a public mandate  to reflect  the  profound national symbolism of the WTC’s timely resurrection.

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  • The second argument is related to proprietary information and specific human capital. By concentrating ownership, decision rights can be given to individuals who possess specific knowledge (Jensen and Meckling, 1992; Christie, Joye, and Watts, 1993). One benefit of co-locating decision rights with specific knowledge is that the leakage of the specific knowledge to competitors is prevented and the transferring cost of the specific knowledge is avoided. This benefit is great in East Asia where political lobbying activities are common and lucrative.

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  • . Expenses for entertainment must be directly related to, or associated with, the active conduct of official university business. When a university employee acts as an official host, the occasion must, in the best judgment of the approving authority, serve a clear university business purpose, with no personal benefit derived by the official host or other university employees. In addition, the expenditure of funds for entertainment should be cost effective and in accordance with the best use of public funds....

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  • To increase school diversity, geographic boundaries for St. Paul's neighborhood schools are not always contiguous; magnet schools include socioeconomic status (specifically, whether a student qualifies for reduced-cost or free lunch programs) among their selection criteria (Schellenberg and Porter, 2003). In 1974 almost all students in the St. Paul school district attended a school located in or near their neighborhood. Today, any public school student [in the US, `public schools' refers to schools receiving most of their funding from public government (tax-based) monies] in St.

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  • Absent an exemption, all offers and sales of securities must be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the Securities Act. Because venture capital funds and private equity funds are offering and selling securities when they seek and accept investors into their funds, such offers and sales must be registered with the SEC, unless an exemption is available. Generally, fund managers do not want to register the offers and sales of interests in their funds.

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  • Activities of the group so far include 5 Summits (held in Europe and the USA), as well as organising a P80 Asia Summit in Korea in 2010 (in partnership with the Asian Development Bank and the UNEP FI), for funds across Asia to share knowledge and experience and engage in the „green growth‟ agenda.

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  • A financial institution determines the interest rates it charges on its loans by evaluating its cost of funding (the interest it has to pay to borrow money from various sources), its operating expenses and a profit margin. Financial institutions fund their loans from a variety of sources, including consumer and corporate deposits and interbank borrowings. Since interest rates can vary significantly between financial institutions, consumers should compare the interest rates offered by lenders.

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  • The expected cost of failure to the economy at large should still be the key criterion for determining which financial firms are regulated and which are not, since this is what drives de facto eligibility for the official safety net, be it deposit insurance, access to the central bank’s liquidity assistance, or use of public funds for recapitalization or nationalization. Size, leverage, and the degree of “entanglement” in financial markets should all be important in making the eligibility decision—more so than how firms classify themselves (as banks, nonbanks, etc).

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  • A more specialised health care insurance market – private long-term care (LTC) insurance – is absent or very limited in countries with comprehensive public long-term care benefits, such as in Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Japan and Luxembourg. In Germany, LTC cover is statutory for every resident.

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  • A body of research has determined that, by expanding the availability of low cost family planning services to a broader set of low-income women, the savings associated with averted unplanned pregnancies and other health improvements substantially exceed the cost of additional family planning services. 16 Research has demonstrated that publicly funded family planning services are effective in promoting contraceptive use among low-income women and in averting unplanned pregnancies.

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  • The present publication has been prepared for the Third World Climate Conference (Geneva, September 2009) and the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-15, Copenhagen, December 2009). It provides an overview of recently completed and ongoing climate research projects undertaken under the 6th and 7th Research Framework Programmes of the European Community.

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  • Will your project lead to materials production or a publication? If so, you need to get an estimate from the printers or the organisation producing the materials. Don’t forget the costs of distributing the materials if this is part of your aims. CD-ROMs are often cheaper than print nowadays. Do you have access to the computers and other hardware you need for the project? Some publicly funded project sources will contribute to buying what you need.

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  • Investments are deemed to be held for trading. Investments are recorded at their fair value with the change between this amount and average cost being recorded as unrealized appreciation (depreciation) in value of investments in the Statement of Operations. Securities listed on a recognized public securities exchange in North America are valued for financial statement purposes at their bid prices for long positions and ask prices for short positions.

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  • The new Foundation for Social Housing (FHS) intends to enable the development of new housing built on land acquired at low cost, to be managed by non-profit organisations oper- ating in accordance with pre-defined rules. The accommodation will be provided at below- market rents and will be allocated to specific target groups (e.g. older people, students, immigrants, single income households etc.). The project involves close collaboration with the public administration, with both the Region of Lombardy and the Local Government Association being represented on the board of FHS.

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  • Reform of development processes is especially important to niche developers and investors within the cultural community because they are often least able to incur the high transaction costs of idiosyncratic public processes. Small arts entrepreneurs also lack the financial and political clout to maneuver through entrenched real estate development systems. The greatest efficiency is created if there is clarity and predictability at points of public entry and adequate assistance at the civic level to maximize access.

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