Several years ago the Open University in Heerlen and Maastricht
University decided to launch a course on ‘Climate and the Environment’,
with a diverse team of authors. Both natural and social scientists, from
several regions of the world, contributed to this book. Initially, the book was
intended as a textbook within this course for students of Environmental
Sciences programmes at the Open University and Maastricht University. As
the book developed it became clear that it would be an excellent source to
anyone professionally engaged in the wide area of the enhance greenhouse
The training course manual on basic environmental education supports a training course on Basic Environmental Education to other teacher trainers, lower secondary teachers and teacher trainees. The objective is to help teachers integrate, mainstream and/or relate to environmental issues and environmental protection in their lessons, not only in those subjects with explicit relations such as Biology or Geography. This manual provides suggestions for conducting a two and a half day training course on Environemental Education.
Housing of course means homes. To most people this is their most
treasured possession. It is not just bricks and mortar or a financial
investment; it is a vital part of their life. ‘You mould the building and the
building moulds you’ as Winston Churchill is said to have put it. Home
is crucial to everybody’s daily well-being. As such it is normally treated
with pride, and its character and contents are an extension of their per-
sonality. The creation of a home is not therefore just an intellectual
design exercise detached from the occupant. It should be their design.
In 1899, the famous American psychologist, William James published
a little book called Talks to Teachers , in which he sought
to explain how to apply psychology to education — that is, he
sought to use what he called “ the science of the mind ’ s workings ”
to generate practical advice for classroom teachers. At the time,
the book was not much of a success, largely for two reasons: (a)
there was a lack of research evidence on how learning works (that
is, the science of learning), and (b) there was a lack of research -
based principles concerning how to help people learn (that is,...
For towns and cities to be economically
competitive, socially progressive and
environmentally responsible, they must reduce
their inefficient use of finite resources. CABE
believes every place can become better by:
Understanding and nurturing its unique
qualities as the basis of its response to
a changing climate
Each town and city is different, shaped by the
geography of the place itself, the passage of time
and the people who live there. The best solutions
for one place may not suit another.
Previously published in hardback and now made available in paperback, this ground-breaking book is a must for all interested in butterflies, whether as conservation biologist, amateur or professional entomologist or as a student studying the phenomenon of butterfly populations as part of a number of biology, ecology or conservation courses. Recently, many British butterflies have suffered severe declines whole others have flourished and expanded in range. This is the first book to describe the results from a British scheme to monitor butterflies during this period of change.
This book is a powerful tool for action. It cuts through the politicized
rhetoric that too often clouds public discussion regarding climate change
by offering practical and manageable advice as to how each of us can
take steps that, collectively, can effect meaningful change. I believe it is
exactly the kind of synthesis we need, with accessible, up-to-date scientific
knowledge that we all will find useful.
My scientific research has delved into many aspects of climate science
for more than three decades.
The purpose of this course is help the students to understand management functions, to
familiarize themselves with the practice of management, to develop an understanding of
behavioural process of the organizations as a whole, and to cultivate an insight into the
individual behaviour at work place.
Records Retention Schedule - A list of all records produced or maintained by an
agency and the actions taken with regards to those records. A retention schedule is
an agency’s legal authority to receive, create, retain, and dispose of official public
records. It assists the agency by documenting which records require office or
temporary storage, which records have historic or research value, and which records
should be destroyed because they no longer have any administrative, fiscal, or legal
The previous edition of Energy Technology Perspectives(ETP), published in summer
2008, called for an energy technology revolution to tackle the undesirable
consequences of our current patterns of energy supply and use. It also highlighted
that, if we did not alter course, concerns about energy security and the threat of
dangerous climate change would only become much worse. So what – if any –
progress have we made over the last two years in meeting these challenges?
At first sight, it may seem as though not much has changed.
his plan sets the course toward realizing a healthy, prosperous,
and resilient future for our city. It calls on us all to rise to the
challenge of transforming our community to create a better life
for future generations.
As with other cities around the world, Vancouver faces challenges
that call for decisive action and innovation, and every resident and
business will play a crucial role in helping us, as a community, to
reach our goals.
In the first year of an internal audit start-up, companies typically do not have
a formal baseline from which to evaluate the effectiveness of control activities.
As such, the initial risk assessment and audit plan are developed primarily at
inherent risk level. Inherent risks are those present in the normal course of
conducting business activities. These include external risks such as changes to
global, national and economic climates, as well as technological, legal and
Lisbon is an exciting location, where the wide estuary of the River Tejo (Tagus) meets the Atlantic
Ocean. It is one of the world's great historical cities with a mild climate that makes it an ideal year-
round destination and increasingly a first-choice venue for international conferences.
Civilization is on a non-renewable energy course upon which we are dependent and which can only be maintained by increasing use of fossil fuel oil and gas and coal, with the result of rising greenhouse gas levels and increasing climate change that leads to increasing ecosystem destruction. It is imperative that civilization bring about an energy transition to a renewable energy economy, which may be based on inexhaustible solar energy, hydrogen, and electricity derived from renewable sources.
By inadvertently increasing the concentration of energy-trapping gases in the
lower atmosphere, human actions have begun to amplify Earth’s natural green-
house effect. The primary challenge facing the world community is to achieve
sufﬁcient reduction in greenhouse gas emissions so as to avoid dangerous inter-
ference in the climate system. National governments, via the UN Framework
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC), are committed in principle to seeking
Indeed, most climate scientists now
suspect that the accumulation of these gases in the lower atmosphere has
contributed to the strong recent uptrend in world average temperature. In its
Third Assessment Report, published in 2001, the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC) stated: “There is new and stronger evidence that most of
the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities”
During the twentieth century, world average surface temperature increased
by approximately 0.6°C (Figure 1.1).
The unprecedented prospect of human-induced (rapid) changes to the global
climate has prompted a large international scientiﬁc effort to assess the evidence.
The IPCC, established within the UN framework in 1988, was charged with advis-
ing national governments on the causes and processes of climate change; likely
impacts and their associated costs; and ways to lessen the impacts. The IPCC’s
Third Assessment Report (2001) projects an increase in average world surface
temperature ranging from 1.4 to 5.8°C over the course of the twenty-ﬁrst
century (see Figure 1.1).