Credit crisis

Xem 1-20 trên 81 kết quả Credit crisis
  • The recent credit crisis in the United States ushered in a new era of uncertainty. In some ways it was just another bubble in a long line of fi nancial manias. Like any other bubble, it was born out of an extended period of easy money that fueled prosperity, engendered speculation, and ended in a spectacular crash. In some very important ways, however, the lingering impacts are different than the bubbles of recent memory.

    pdf254p baobinh1311 25-09-2012 30 7   Download

  • When I first started writing about credit scores more than a decade ago, few people knew what these three-digit numbers were or how they worked. Today most people have at least a vague understanding that credit scores are important. But they often don’t realize how important—until they get turned down for a loan or an apartment, or wind up paying more interest or higher insurance premiums than they expected.

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  • The authors study the effect of financial crises on trade credit in a sample of 890 firms in six emerging economies. They find that although provision of trade credit increases right after the crisis, it consequently collapses in the following months and years. The authors observe that firms with weaker financial position (for example, high pre-crisis level of short-term debt and low cash stocks and cash flows) are more likely to reduce trade credit provided to their customers.

    pdf383p quatet 08-01-2013 25 8   Download

  • It is highly likely that by augmenting the amount of funding available to banks, securitization activity had a significant and positive impact on credit growth during the years prior to the credit crisis (Loutskina and Strahan, 2009, Altunbas et al., 2009). In a number of countries experiencing a period credit growth, securitization activity probably strengthened the feedback effect between increases in housing prices and the credit expansion.

    pdf31p enterroi 01-02-2013 21 4   Download

  • In the United States, insurance regulators require bonds and preferred stocks to be reported in statutory financial statements in one of six National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) designations categories that denote credit quality. If an accepted rating organisation (ARO) has rated the security, the security is not required to be filed with the NAIC’s Securities Valuation Office (SVO). Rather, the ARO rating is used to map the security to one of the six NAIC designation categories.

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  • Basel II will need to be reworked thoroughly, not just tweaked at the margin. Two of the key features of Basel II are that banks can use their own internal models to calculate capital requirements under Pillar 1, and that credit ratings also serve as risk weights in regulatory capital calculations. These internal models typically generate lower capital requirement for (large) US banks. Suffice it to say that all these elements have had their credibility severely damaged by the events of the past eight months.

    pdf5p enter1cai 12-01-2013 29 1   Download

  • Iam happy to present the second English edition of Money, Bank Credit, and Economic Cycles. Its appearance is particularly timely, given that the severe financial crisis and resulting worldwide economic recession I have been forecasting, since the first edition of this book came out ten years ago, are now unleashing their fury.

    pdf938p conrepcon 13-04-2012 105 54   Download

  • On September 15, 2008, Lehman Brothers, the fourth-largest U.S. investment bank, filed for bankruptcy, marking the largest bankruptcy in U.S. history and the burst of the U.S. subprime mortgage crisis. Concerns about the soundness of U.S. credit and financial markets led to tightened global credit markets around the world. Spreads skyrocketed. International trade plummeted by double digits, as figure O.1 illustrates. Banks reportedly could not meet customer demand to finance international trade operations, leaving a trade finance “gap” estimated at around $25 billion.

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  • This book has almost nothing to do with the current housing and credit crisis. Wolf only says in the last couple of pages that part of the world savings glut was recycled in excess US residential investment. And, that's it.

    pdf269p tieungot 24-01-2013 35 12   Download

  • This paper considers the main elements of the standard pattern of fi nancial liberalization that has become widely prevalent in developing countries. The theoretical arguments in favour of such liberalization are considered and critiqued, and the political economy of such measures is discussed. The problems for developing countries, with respect to fi nancial fragility and the greater propensity to crisis, as well as the negative defl ationary and developmental effects, are discussed.

    pdf31p thuytinh_den 11-07-2010 73 6   Download

  • The debate is also reflected in the efforts to reform the regulatory environment in response to the current financial crisis. Brunnermeier et al. (2008) also conceptually distinguish between a regulatory and a market based notion of bank capital. When examining the roots of the crisis, Greenlaw et al. (2008) argue that banks’ active management of their capital structures in relation to internal value at risk, rather than regulatory constraints, was a key destabilising factor.

    pdf45p enterroi 02-02-2013 22 5   Download

  • The first time a money market fund broke the buck was in 1994, when the Denver-based Community Banker’s U.S. GovernmentMoney Market Fund reported aNAVof $0.96. It had themisfortune of owning securities that fell sharply in value during the rapid rise in interest rates that year. Because this was a small fund held by a small number of institutional shareholders, the impact was limited. It wasn’t until the credit crisis of 2008 hit that a fund broke the buck in a dramatic way. This was the Reserve Primary Fund—the first money market fund in the United States.

    pdf21p quaivatdo 18-11-2012 24 4   Download

  • The use of individuals’ credit histories to predict the risk of future loss has become a common practice among automobile and homeowners insurers. The practice has proven to be controversial not only because of concerns about how reliably credit scores may predict risk. Many industry professionals, policymakers, and consumer groups have expressed concern that the practice may pose a significant barrier to economically vulnerable segments of the population in obtaining affordable automobile and homeowners coverage.

    pdf42p enterroi 01-02-2013 25 4   Download

  • The economies of different countries have been affected with different degrees of intensity according to their exposure to some of the main drivers of the financial crisis. 1 Securitization, which has been largely blamed as one of the main contributors to the financial meltdown, is an important example in place. While in some countries, securitization played a very large role, in other nations the resort to activities in these markets was insignificant from a macroeconomic perspective.

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  • Given the unprecedented—by recent standards—financial crisis that has devastated the world financial system and extended its reach into a number of other sectors, political risk insurance has become even more relevant. At the same time, questions remain as to whether PRI really covers those risks that investors need covered the most.

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  • The Committee evaluated the case for lowering the 20% CCF under the Basel II standardised and FIRB risk-based measures. The CCF is relevant for short-term self- liquidating trade letters of credit arising from the movement of goods. Essentially, it reduces capital requirements by 80% as compared to positions that are subject to a 100% CCF. The current 20% CCF has been part of the Basel capital framework since their inception in 1988.

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  • It appears that the 1998 totals are somewhat lower due to the benign credit cycle in the U.S. for the past five years (1993-1997), when default rates on public high yield bonds averaged less than 2% each year (Exhibit 2, Altman & Kishore, 1998). The supply of public, domestic defaulted bonds was about $10 billion as of mid-1998 and our best estimate of distressed public debt is about $13 billion. At the same time, we have noticed an increase in distressed securities in 1998. The resulting total of defaulted and distressed, public bonds and private debt as of end of August 1998 is...

    pdf18p quaivattim 04-12-2012 23 3   Download

  • Water supply and sanitation are amongst the most basic requirements of life. For the past 50 to 150 years people living in Europe, America and a few capital cities elsewhere around the globe have come to take for granted the provision of a virtually limitless supply of clean, safe water and the seemingly effortless removal of all human wastes ‘out of sight and out of mind’.

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  • In recent years, Japan’s major corporations have increasingly relied on the corporate bond market as a source of debt finance. From 1996 to 1998, the issuance of corporate bonds increased more than 46 percent, from 30.8 trillion yen to about 45 trillion yen (Table 1).1 At the same time, loans from Japan’s banking sector decreased about 17 trillion yen. As the corporate bond market grew, the spreads between the yields on Japanese corporate and government bonds widened dramatically.

    pdf6p taisaocothedung 12-01-2013 25 3   Download

  • While the magnitude of differences in credit scores was very substantial, the impact of credit scores on pricing and availability varies among companies and is not directly examined in this study. The impact of scores on premium levels will be directly addressed in studies expected to be completed by late 2004. Missouri statue prohibits sole reliance on credit scoring to determine whether to issue a policy. However, there are no limits on price increases that can be imposed due to credit scores, so...

    pdf57p enterroi 01-02-2013 24 3   Download

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