Credit institutions

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  • Research objectives: Research into the development of microfinance operations, primarily lending small amounts, of credit institutions. Time of study: Secondary data on the credit institutions and Lien Viet Post Join Stock Commercial Bank and elecommunications were collected during the period 2010-2014.

    pdf12p change04 08-06-2016 7 2   Download

  • The empirical relationship between capital controls and the financial development of credit and equity markets is examined. We extend the literature on this subject along a number of dimensions.Specifically, we (1) investigate a substantially broader set of proxy measures of financial development; (2) create and utilize a new index based on the IMF measures of exchange restrictions that incorporates a measure of the intensity of capital controls; and (3) extend the previous literature by systematically examining the implications of institutional (legal) factors.

    pdf44p truongan 13-11-2009 123 34   Download

  • Chapter 19 Bank Management: describe the underlying goal, strategy, and governance of banks, explain how banks manage liquidity, explain how banks manage interest rate risk, explain how banks manage credit risk, explain integrated bank management.

    ppt45p phanthphan 30-01-2015 24 6   Download

  • This chapter evaluate a company’s past financial performance and explain how a company’s strategy is reflected in past financial performance, forecast a company’s future net income and cash flow, describe the role of financial statement analysis in assessing the credit quality of a potential debt investment, describe the use of financial statement analysis in screening for potential equity investments, explain appropriate analyst adjustments to a company’s financial statements to facilitate comparison with another company.

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  • As regards collateral, the pledging of collateral increases the PD when compared with unsecured lending. Within secured loans, the PD of those that are 100% secured is lower than that of those secured to a value of over 50% but not to a full 100%, although the latter account for only a small percentage of the sample. Finally, loans guaranteed by a credit institution or the public sector have a lower likelihood of default, less even than in the case of unsecured loans. Note that this latter class of loan is subject to a double evaluation, i.e. by the bank...

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  • Chapter 11 - International debt. This chapter examine the use of international debt markets as a source of funding; focus on the role of euromarkets and US capital markets; distinguish between eurocurrency, euronote and eurobond markets; consider US debt markets and securities, explain the role of credit rating agencies.

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  • Chapter 12 - Commercial banks’ financial statements and analysis. This chapter analyzed the financial statements of commercial banks. The assets, liabilities, and equity capital were described as they appear in the balance sheet. The financial statements of other FIs such as savings banks and credit unions take a similar form. The income and expenses were described as they appear in the income statement.

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  • Chapter 14 - Other lending institutions: Savings institutions, credit unions, and finance companies. This chapter provided an overview of the major activities of savings institutions, credit unions, and finance companies. Savings institutions and credit unions rely heavily on deposits to fund loans, whereas finance companies do not accept deposits but find themselves mainly with commercial paper and long-term security issues.

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  • Chapter 20 - Managing credit risk on the balance sheet. This chapter provided an in-depth look at the measurement and on-balance-sheet management of credit risks. The chapter then discussed the role of credit analysis and how it differs across different types of loans, especially mortgage loans, individual loans, mid-market corporate loans, and large corporate loans.

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  • This chapter presents the following content: Bank management, managing liquidity, managing interest rate risk, managing credit risk, managing market risk, operating risk, managing risk of international operations, bank capital management, management based on forecasts, bank restructuring to manage risks, integrated bank management.

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  • Chapter 9 - Short-term debt. The following will be discussed in this chapter: trade credit, bank overdrafts, commercial bills, calculations: discount securities, promissory notes, negotiable certificates of deposit, inventory finance, accounts receivable, financing and factoring.

    ppt46p nomoney5 04-03-2017 2 1   Download

  • Chapter 11 - International debt markets. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Examine the use of international debt markets as a source of funding, describe the role of euromarkets and US capital markets, distinguish between eurocurrency, euronote and eurobond markets, consider US debt markets and securities, explain the role of credit rating agencies.

    ppt44p nomoney5 04-03-2017 2 1   Download

  • Chapter 21 - Interest rate swaps, currency swaps and credit default swaps. The objectives of this chapter are: Describe the nature of a swap and explain the structure and operation of vanilla and basis interest rate swaps, understand the importance of the interest rate swap market, examine the structure of a cross-currency swap and how they can be arranged, explain the rationale for the cross-currency swap markets,...

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  • Chapter 8 - Bond markets. Chapter 7 discussed money market instruments that have minimal credit risk. These instruments are reasonably homogeneous and are issued and held by economic units as a means to adjust liquidity. This chapter, in contrast, discusses capital market instruments whose terms, conditions, and risk vary substantially.

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  • This chapter is about thrift institutions, which are consumer-orientated financial institutions that accept deposits from and make loans to consumers. Thrift institutions are composed of savings institutions and credit unions. There are two types of savings institutions that focus on residential mortgage lending: savings associations and savings banks. The chapter also is about finance companies, which provide specialized financial services to consumers and businesses.

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  • A standard, commercial letter of credit (LC) is a document issued mostly by a financial institution, used primarily in trade finance, which usually provides an irrevocable payment undertaking. The letter of credit can also be source of payment for a transaction, meaning that redeeming the letter of credit will pay an exporter. Letters of credit are used primarily in international trade transactions of significant value, for deals between a supplier in one country and a customer in another.

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  • The immediate reason for the creation of this book has been the advent of Basel II. This has forced many institutions with loan portfolios into building risk models, and, as a consequence, a need has arisen to have these models validated both internally and externally. What is surprising is that there is very little written that could guide consultants in carrying out these validations. This book aims to fill that gap.

    pdf217p vigro23 29-08-2012 58 29   Download

  • A second problem often observed in developing countries in the credit-investment process is that loans are allocated according to political considerations or ties between bank managers and the corporate sector. This practice is problematic for two reasons: First, even if the central bank can create liquidity and the financial sector as a whole is thus not be constrained by a lack of base money, banks in developing countries are often weakly capitalized. Legal minimum capital-adequacy ratios hence limit the overall amount of loans provided by the financial sector.

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  • China’s rural financial system has changed dramatically over the last twenty five years, but rural financial reforms were lagging behind changes in the real economy and required further economic transition. As in other countries moving towards a market economy, the reform of banking systems and the creation of efficient financial markets in China continues to be among the most difficult reform issues. Poorly functioning official financial markets push rural population to rely on informal institutions.

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  • Since the early 1970s, a quiet revolution – microfinance – has been sweeping the globe. Poverty can now, in part, be redefined as a lack of access to reliable, affordable financial services that enables people to build economic security and improve their lives. Microfinance, which has evolved in an array of formats, from regulated banks to Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSlAs), has made life better for millions, first through access to credit, but increasingly through savings, insurance and pension schemes as well.

    pdf304p bi_ve_sau 17-01-2013 24 9   Download

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